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Homers Odyssey An Introduction to the Epic & the Epic Hero.

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1 Homers Odyssey An Introduction to the Epic & the Epic Hero

2 EPIC: a long narrative poem that tells the adventures of heroes who embody the values of their particular civilizations.

3 The Epic Hero Strengths: Courage Physical Strength Cunning Intelligence Unfailing Loyalty Devotion to Duty Champion of Freedom and Justice Strengths: Courage Physical Strength Cunning Intelligence Unfailing Loyalty Devotion to Duty Champion of Freedom and Justice

4 The Epic Hero Flaws -Love of Glory (pride) -> HUBRIS -Susceptible to Temptation/Doubt Flaws -Love of Glory (pride) -> HUBRIS -Susceptible to Temptation/Doubt

5 The Heros Journey The Beginning 1. THE CALL TO ADVENTURE 2. REFUSAL OF THE CALL 3. MEETING WITH THE MENTOR 4. TESTS, ALLIES AND ENEMIES Midway Through 1. THE ORDEAL 2. THE REWARD 3. THE ROAD BACK The Climax 1. THE RESURRECTIONthe climax The Beginning 1. THE CALL TO ADVENTURE 2. REFUSAL OF THE CALL 3. MEETING WITH THE MENTOR 4. TESTS, ALLIES AND ENEMIES Midway Through 1. THE ORDEAL 2. THE REWARD 3. THE ROAD BACK The Climax 1. THE RESURRECTIONthe climax

6 Epics are Filled with action Written in verse (originally chanted or sung) Contain supernatural and noble characters Filled with action Written in verse (originally chanted or sung) Contain supernatural and noble characters

7 Epic Conventions Appeal to the muse In medias res (in the middle of the action) Elaborate (Homeric) similes Extended formal speeches Epithets: adj. or adj. phrase describing a person; the art of a name Appeal to the muse In medias res (in the middle of the action) Elaborate (Homeric) similes Extended formal speeches Epithets: adj. or adj. phrase describing a person; the art of a name

8 Homer Considered first known poet of Western Literature Blind Could not read or write (sang) Composed The Iliad (750 B.C.) and The Odyssey (720 B.C.)

9 Homers Epics Odyssey 24 books Double Plot: Telemachuss search for his father; Odysseuss adventures in the 10 year journey from the war Iliad Recounts the battles in the last year of the 10 year war between the Greeks and the Trojans Heroes: Hector & Achilles Iliad Recounts the battles in the last year of the 10 year war between the Greeks and the Trojans Heroes: Hector & Achilles

10 The Greek Gods Anthropomorphic Interfere in human affairs (take sides) Disguise themselves as humans to help, test, or hurt humans Actions more governed by emotions than morality Anthropomorphic Interfere in human affairs (take sides) Disguise themselves as humans to help, test, or hurt humans Actions more governed by emotions than morality

11 Zeus Ruler of the gods and goddesses of Mt. Olympus

12 Poseidon God of the Sea Enemy to Odysseus; tries to keep him from reaching home God of the Sea Enemy to Odysseus; tries to keep him from reaching home

13 Hermes The Messenger of the Gods

14 Athena Goddess of Wisdom and War Loves and helps Odysseus Goddess of Wisdom and War Loves and helps Odysseus

15 Odysseuss Journey


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