2Characteristics of an Epic An epic is a long narrative poem presenting characters of high importance; adventure story; journey of every human.It is written in an elevated speech that is centered around a hero that is somewhat divine in nature whose actions depend on the fate of a tribe, a nation, or the human race.
3Characteristics of an Epic Poem (Continued) The epic poem was first developed as an oral tradition that was later written down.The poem normally begins in medias res, in the middle of the action.Themes and Values: honor and the power of fate, or destiny.Supernatural elements: Gods, Goddesses, and magical creatures.
4Characteristics of an Epic Setting is vast, covering many places.Opens by stating the theme.Contains lists of warriors, ships, armiesSupernatural forces at work- gods or demons.Action consists of great deeds of valor and sometimes requiring super-human strength and courage.
5Epic Hero CycleHero often possesses supernatural abilities or qualities.Hero is charged with a quest (mission)Hero is tested to prove his worthinessHe is aided by mythical beings, magical and helpful animals, human helpers, and companions may appear.
6Epic Hero Cycle (Continued) The hero’s travels may take him to a supernatural world.The journey reaches a low point where the hero nearly gives up.There is a resurrection. ( Rebirth or restoration)Resurrection is paid. (Often results in the hero regaining his rightful place in society.
7Epic Hero Characteristics Take ControlResponsibilityUnderstandingPersuasiveIntelligentCourageTalent in an area (battle)Stamina/ enduranceStrength- emotional and physicalHas favor of a god/godsSuper-human qualities
8Literary Terms to Know Epic Simile Homeric Simile Epic Character Irony ForeshadowingRepetitionPersonificationImageryConflictToneMetaphorSimileClimaxDictionRhythmAllusionSymbolHyperboleEpithet
9Myths and MythologyMyth: An anonymous story having roots in the beliefs of a race or nation and preserving supernatural events (episodes).Mythology: All center at common themes. Study of myths- attempt to explain creation, guess at the meaning of life and death, account for natural phenomena, and chronicle the adventures of heroes.
10Cultural Values of the Greek Society HonorCourageIntelligenceClevernessRevengeRespect for the godsLoyalty to home and familyHospitality/ gift giving
11Who is Homer?Homer is a blind Greek poet who was thought to have lived roughly around 700 BC.Lived on a rocky Greek Island, ChiosHe sang or spoke these stories to an audience.He wrote two epic poems The Iliad and The Odyssey.
12The Iliad Major Characters: Other Important Info. Achilles Odysseus AgamemnonHelenHectorParisEpicTrojan WarTrojan HorseAthenaApolloPoseidonTroy
13The OdysseyThe Odyssey is about the wanderings of Odysseus, a Greek hero and leader of Ithaca.The Story is a sequel to the former epic The Iliad.
14What is an Odyssey?An odyssey is a long wandering voyage- usually marked by many changes of fortune. It is an intellectual or spiritual wandering.
15The OdysseyThe story begins in Troy. Odysseus has just fought in the Trojan War and is on a journey home.His journey leads him to many adventures with sea monsters, a cyclops, lotus eaters, and Calypso.
16The OdysseyAfter twenty years of Odysseus’ adventures, he finds himself trapped on an island with a nymph, Calypso, who refuses to allow Odysseus to return home.Meanwhile, in Ithaca, suitors are trying to win the heart of Penelope, Odysseus’ wife.
17The OdysseyOdysseus’ son Telemacus believes that his father is still alive, and aided by the goddess Athena, he sets out on a journey to find his father.
18Who is Odysseus?Odysseus is one of the first Greek heroes’ that is known for his brain power and outstanding athletic abilities.Odysseus is known to hesitate before acting which shows his reason and gift to evaluate things.Odysseus is a cunning deceiver and valiant warrior.
19Who are the important Players? Zeus PenelopePoseidon TelemachusHades OdysseusAthenaMedusaHeraAphroditeCirceCalypso