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The Odyssey. Epic an epic is a long narrative poem that recounts the deeds of gods or heroes.

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Presentation on theme: "The Odyssey. Epic an epic is a long narrative poem that recounts the deeds of gods or heroes."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Odyssey

2 Epic an epic is a long narrative poem that recounts the deeds of gods or heroes

3 Epic the main character or protagonist is larger than life, often the source and subject of legend or a national hero the deeds of the hero are presented without favoritism, revealing his failings as well as his virtues the action, often in battle, reveals the more-than- human strength of the heroes as they engage in acts of heroism and courage the setting covers several nations, the whole world, or even the universe the gods and lesser divinities play an active role in the outcome of actions all of the various adventures form an organic whole, where each event relates in some way to the central theme

4 Epic Invocation to the muse or other deity ("Sing, goddess, of the wrath of Achilles") Story begins in medias res (in the middle of things) Catalogs (of participants on each side, ships, sacrifices) Histories and descriptions of significant items (who made a sword or shield, how it was decorated, who owned it from generation to generation) Frequent use of epithets ("Aeneas the true"; "rosy-fingered Dawn"; "tall-masted ship") Long, formal speeches by important characters Journey to the underworld Previous episodes in the story are later recounted

5 Epics Homer, Iliad Homer, Odyssey Virgil, Aeneid Tasso, Jerusalem Delivered Milton, Paradise Lost

6 Epic hero Many, but not all epic heroes have these qualities. The Hero’s father is a king The Hero is reputed to be the son of a god The Hero then becomes the king The Epic Hero is larger than life and embodies the values of particular society

7 Epic Hero An epic hero is superhuman. His braver, stronger, smarter and cleverer than an ordinary man The epic hero is on a quest for something of great value to him or to his people The villain who try to keep the hero from his quest are usually uglier, more evil, and more cunning than anyone we know in ordinary life

8 Epic Hero The divine world interferes with the human world The epic hero often experiences a symbolic death or has to travel to the underworld

9 Homeric Simile an extended comparison that mounts in excitement and usually ends in a climax. The Homeric simile is also known as the epic simile


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