2 What are the essential questions for this unit? What is an epic? What are the characteristics of an epic?How can the Hero Journey Archetype be used to analyze The Odyssey?How does The Odyssey connect to the real world or to our lives?How does the journey prepare Odysseus to return home?
4 What is an epic?An epic is1. A long narrative poem
5 What is an epic? An epic is . . . . 1. A long narrative poem 2. Using elevated or dignified language
6 What is an epic? An epic is . . . . 1. A long narrative poem 2. Using elevated or dignified language3. Focused on a hero and the hero’s adventures
7 What is an epic? An epic is . . . . 1. A long narrative poem 2. Using elevated or dignified language3. Focused on a hero and the hero’s adventures4. The outcome of the adventures is important to the history of a people or nation.
8 What is usually true of an epic? Setting is vastSupernatural forces are involvedHero is of imposing stature; actions require superhuman courage and valor
9 The Odyssey An epic from Ancient Greece Passed down through oral traditionHomer wrote it down probably around1200 BC (400 years after the fall of Troy) .Intended to teach (manners and customs)Teaches about Greek hospitality, proper courting, and role models
12 The epic hero OdysseyStrong brave warriorKing of Ithaka
13 The epic hero Odyssey Strong brave warrior King of Ithaka Cunning; intelligent
14 The epic hero Odyssey Strong brave warrior King of Ithaka Cunning; intelligentCharacter Flaw=Hubris
15 The epic hero Odyssey Strong brave warrior King of Ithaka Cunning; intelligentCharacter Flaw=HubrisHubris- excessive pride;thinking one is greater than the gods.
16 Key Elements Begins with the invocation of the muse In media res- starts “in the middle of things” and then flashback to fill in the whole story.Epithets-descriptive phrases that point to a characteristic of a person; becomes part of the person’s name in the epic.Homeric similesRepetition- lots of it
17 The Iliad and The Odyssey The Iliad and The Odyssey were passed down orallyHomer wrote these two stories downThe Iliad is the prequel to The Odyssey; it focuses on the Trojan War and the great hero AchillesBefore we begin The Odyssey, you need to understand what happens before
18 Themes and Motifs Themes The hero and the hero journey Civility versus savageryHomeGood versus evilLoyalty
19 Themes and Motifs cont. Motifs Father /son relationships Disguise Greek Hospitality
20 The Structure Books 1-4 – “The Wanderings of Telemakhos” Books 5-13 – “The Wanderings of Odysseus”Books – “Odysseus’ Return to Ithaka”