2The Odyssey Background Info There will be a quiz over this information It is an epic poem.An epic is a long, narrative poem that tells the adventures of heroes.
3Homer A blind poet wrote The Iliad and The Odyssey. They are the two most famous epic poems composed by him.They were written between B.C.
4The Iliad details the ten year Trojan WarBetween the Trojans andthe Greeks over thekidnapping of Helen, theQueen of Greece, byParis, the Prince ofTroy. The Iliad is alsoknown as a war epic.
5The Odyssey details the ten year journey by Odysseus, a Trojan War hero. He isreturning to his home of Ithaca. His story isknown as a journey epic.His wife is Penelope.His son is Telemachus.He thought of the wooden horse trick.He is considered a hero.He is King of Ithaca.He has hubris, a the tragic flaw. It is “the sin of too much pride”.
6Beware of Greeks bearing gifts. The Trojan HorseA.K.A.: ”The wooden horse trick”Beware of Greeks bearing gifts.
7Types of People in Greece Humans-“Ordinary people on earth”Heroes-Special class or aristocrats located between gods and humansGods-Believed to cause certain events in the world; people needed a reason for things happening in their lives.Rhapsodes-”Singers of tales”; they were historians and entertainers as well as the myth-makers of their time
8Myths… are stories that use fantasy to express ideas about life that cannot be expressedeasily in realisticterms.
9Mt. Olympus -Home of the gods and goddesses “Media Res” -Latin phrase that means the narrator begins the tale in the “middle of things”As the story begins, Telemachus is 20 years old, threatened by opposing forces at home, and seeking his father. Odysseus is stranded on an island trying to find his way home; it has been 20 years since he left Ithaca.