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Entry-level driver training. Areas of training Driver qualification Driver wellness Hours of service Whistleblower protection 1a.

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Presentation on theme: "Entry-level driver training. Areas of training Driver qualification Driver wellness Hours of service Whistleblower protection 1a."— Presentation transcript:

1 Entry-level driver training

2 Areas of training Driver qualification Driver wellness Hours of service Whistleblower protection 1a

3 General driver qualification At least 21 years old Can read, write, and speak English Have experience and/or training to safely operate your vehicle Pass required physical exam 2a

4 General driver qualification Have valid motor vehicle operators license Provide employer with list of violations over past 12 months Are not disqualified to drive a CMV Passed a road test 2b

5 General driver qualification Can determine whether cargo is properly loaded, distributed, and secured Are familiar with methods and procedures for securing cargo (both goods and passengers) 2c

6 Physical qualifications Must pass a physical exam Must carry a certificate signed by a medical examiner stating you are physically qualified Employer must keep a copy of certificate in driver qualification file 3a

7 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Lost a foot, leg, hand, or arm An impairment of a hand, finger, arm, foot, or leg which interferes with your ability to perform normal tasks associated with driving a CMV Diabetes requiring insulin for control 3b

8 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Heart disease, which causes you chest pain, fainting, or shortness of breath Chest or breathing problems like chronic asthma, emphysema, chronic bronchitis High blood pressure likely to interfere with driving 3c

9 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Loss of movement or feeling in part of your body Any sickness which is likely to cause loss of consciousness or any loss of ability to control a CMV Any mental problems likely to interfere with your ability to drive a CMV safely 3d

10 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Poor vision that affects your ability to see objects that are far away, objects to the side, or traffic signal colors Poor hearing 3e

11 Physical qualifications You are not qualified if you have: Used certain drugs (unless prescribed by a doctor who has advised you that use will not adversely affect your ability to safely operate a CMV) A current clinical diagnosis of alcoholism 3f

12 Driver disqualification (§391.15) You are disqualified if convicted of any of the following while operating a CMV: Driving with an alcohol concentration of 0.04 percent or more Driving under the influence of alcohol as prescribed by state law Refusing to undergo alcohol testing 4a

13 Driver disqualification (§391.15) You are disqualified if convicted of any of the following while operating a CMV: Operating under the influence of a controlled substance Transporting, possessing, or unlawfully using drugs Leaving the scene of an accident involving a CMV Committing a felony involving a CMV 4b

14 Driver disqualification (§391.15) Disqualification period ranges from 6 months to 3 years depending on severity of the offense 4c

15 Driver disqualification (§391.15) Violating an out-of-service order disqualifies you for 90 days to 5 years Penalties are more severe for drivers of vehicles carrying passengers or hazardous materials 4d

16 Driver disqualification (§383.51) Drivers who hold a CDL can be disqualified for certain offenses committed in any type of vehicle 4e

17 General Wellness Eat right Exercise regularly Get proper rest Undergo periodic physical exams 5a

18 Cholesterol and blood pressure LDL = Bad cholesterol HDL = Good cholesterol 6a

19 Cholesterol and blood pressure Total cholesterol < 200 LDL< 130 HDL > 50 6b

20 Cholesterol and blood pressure High blood pressure is dangerous Can lead to heart and kidney disease 6c

21 Cholesterol and blood pressure Blood pressure should be < 140/90 6d

22 Weight and exercise Being overweight contributes to many health problems Eating right and physical activity can help in maintaining a healthy weight 7a

23 Weight and exercise Eating right includes: At least 5 servings of fruits and vegetables Watching fat consumption Moderating sugar and salt intake Limiting alcohol use 7b

24 Weight and exercise Moderate physical activity for 30 minutes daily can improve well being 7c

25 Weight and exercise Moderate physical activity includes: Walking briskly Conditioning General calisthenics 7d

26 Weight and exercise Consult with your physician before starting any program 7e

27 Alcohol and drug abuse Reduces coordination Slows reaction rates Dulls mental processes 8a

28 Stress A physical or mental response to pressures of an event or factors of living in general Can be positive or negative Causes the body to get into survival mode 9a

29 Stress Prolonged stress can cause: High blood pressure Pain Breathing trouble Digestive disorders Insomnia Fatigue 9b

30 Stress Prolonged stress can cause: Frustration Irritability Anger Impatience Worry Lack of self confidence 9c

31 Stress Prolonged stress can lead to: Accidents Loss of priorities Rushing Inappropriate behavior 9d

32 Stress Stress-reduction techniques include: Breaks Exercise Proper rest and diet Deep breathing/yoga Having fun Talking to a friend 9e

33 Fatigue Ranges from sleepy to exhausted Can cause involuntary brain shutdown Most adults need 7-8 hours of sleep 10a

34 Fatigue Sleep loss of as little as 2 hours can affect: Judgment Reaction time Coordination Attitude/mood 10b

35 Fatigue Circadian rhythm = Bodys internal clock Most peoples clocks run on a 24- hour basis with high and low points Disruption of the clock can lead to fatigue 10c

36 Fatigue Signs of fatigue: Drowsiness Yawning Lack of alertness Fighting to keep eyes open 10d

37 Fatigue Signs of fatigue: Head drooping Sore/stiff neck muscles Reduced reaction time 10e

38 Fatigue Signs of fatigue: Erratic shifting Intermittent braking Following vehicles too closely Bad driving decisions Lane deviations/weaving 10f

39 Fatigue Ways to fight fatigue: Get a solid 8 hours of sleep Establish a regular sleep routine Avoid driving during bodys down time Exercise regularly Eat properly Take a nap 10g

40 Fatigue Good sleeping habits Sleep in a quiet, dark room Keep sleeping area comfortable Have a bedtime routine 10h

41 Fatigue Sleep apnea Brief interruptions in breathing Wakes person so briefly he/she doesnt know it happened Can repeat up to 600 times a night causing increased fatigue 10i

42 Hours of service (property-carrying) 11-hour driving rule All time behind the wheel is driving time Must have 10 consecutive hours of rest after 11 hours of driving time 11a

43 Hours of service (property-carrying) 14-hour rule May not drive after the 14th consecutive hour after coming on duty Must have 10 consecutive hours of rest 11b

44 Hours of service (property-carrying) 60-hour/7-day and 70-hour/8-day limit A driver cannot drive after having been on duty for 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days or 70 hours in any 8 consecutive days 11c

45 Hours of service (property-carrying) A driver may do non-driving work after reaching the 60/70 hour limit, but the hours must be added to the total 11d

46 Hours of service (property-carrying) 34-hour restart Any period of 7/8 days may end with the start of a 34-hour off-duty period Can only be used if 60/70-hour limit has not been exceeded 11d

47 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Graph grid with a remarks section Date Total miles driven today Truck or tractor and trailer number 11e

48 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Carriers name 24-hour period starting time Drivers signature/ certification Main office address 11f

49 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Co-drivers name (if applicable) Total hours in each duty status 11g

50 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Shipping document number(s) or shipper name and commodity 11h

51 Hours of service (property-carrying) Log keeping responsibilities Entries must be current Entries must be legible/in drivers own handwriting 11i

52 Hours of service (property-carrying) Record retention Original record of duty status must be submitted to the carrier within 13 days Keep a copy of each record for the previous 7 consecutive days in your possession and available for inspection while on duty Carrier must keep records of duty status and all supporting documents for 6 months 11j

53 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) 10-hour driving rule All time behind the wheel is driving time Must have 8 consecutive hours of rest after 10 hours driving time 12a

54 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) 15-hour on-duty rule May not drive after being on duty 15 hours Must have 8 consecutive hours of rest 12b

55 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) 60-hour/7-day and 70-hour/8-day limit A driver cannot drive after having been on duty for 60 hours in any 7 consecutive days or 70 hours in any 8 consecutive days A driver may do non-driving work after reaching the limit, but the hours must be added to the total 12c

56 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Graph grid with a remarks section Date Total miles driven today Truck or tractor and trailer number 12d

57 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Carriers name 24-hour period starting time Drivers signature/ certification Main office address 12e

58 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Co-drivers name (if applicable) Total hours in each duty status 12f

59 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record of duty status Must include: Shipping document number(s) or shipper name and commodity 12g

60 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Log keeping responsibilities Entries must be current Entries must be legible/in drivers own handwriting 12h

61 Hours of service (passenger-carrying) Record retention Original record of duty status must be submitted to the carrier within 13 days Keep a copy of each record for the previous 7 consecutive days in your possession and available for inspection while on duty Carrier must keep records of duty status and all supporting documents for 6 months 12i

62 Whistleblower protection Protect you from retaliation if you : Report a CMV safety violation to FMCSA Testify before FMCSA Refuse to operate an unsafe vehicle Refuse to drive in conditions that may cause injury or violate law 13a

63 Whistleblower protection Prohibits your employer from discharging, disciplining, or discriminating in regard to pay, terms or privileges for taking any one of the following actions 13b

64 Whistleblower protection 1.Filing a complaint related to the violation of a CMV safety regulation 2.Starting a proceeding related to a violation of a CMV regulation 3.Having testified in or testifying in the future in a proceeding related to a CMV safety violation 13c

65 Whistleblower protection 4.Refusing to operate a CMV due to one of the following reasons: You would have violated a federal safety or health regulation. You believe you would have seriously injured yourself or someone else had you operated an unsafe vehicle. You asked your employer to correct the unsafe condition, but your employer refused. 13d

66 Whistleblower protection If you make a CMV safety complaint and it results in any form of discrimination (termination, loss of seniority, undesirable reassignment, etc.) you can file a complaint with OSHA 13e

67 Whistleblower protection OSHA will gather data and give your employer 20 days to respond Then, if OSHA believes the violation is valid they will continue to pursue the case until the situation is resolved 13f


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