Presentation on theme: "Assessing and Managing Risk"— Presentation transcript:
1 Assessing and Managing Risk Chapter 1Assessing and Managing Risk
2 Highway-Transportation System The main goal of the Highway transportation system (HTS) is to enable people and goods to move from place to place as safely and efficiently as possible.3 parts: Motor vehicles, roadways, and people.Nearly 4 million miles of roadways link the states, countries, cities, and towns of the US.
3 HTS Regulated?Federal, state, and local governments work together to regulate the HTS.The National Traffic and Motor Vehicle Safety Act requires automakers to build certain safety features.Seatbelts and shatterproof windows.National Highway Safety Act established specific guidelines for state motor vehicle safety program.Vehicle registration and inspection, driver licensing, traffic laws and traffic courts, and highway construction maintenanceAllows each state to set its own statutes, or laws, that concern highway safetyCities and towns, too, pass driving regulations. Ex: Drivers may turn right at red lights except where expressly prohibited.
4 RiskDriving involves risk-the chance of injury to yourself or others and the chance of damage to vehicles and property.The 1st important step toward responsible driving is realizing that this risk is real.Factors that contribute to risk are bad weather, poor roads, condition of your vehicle
5 Ways to reduce risk Keep your vehicle in top condition Anticipate the actions of othersTake steps to protect yourself and othersDrive only when you’re in sound physical and mental condition.Make conscious effort to develop your driving skills.
6 Visibility, Time, and Space Visibility- what you can see from behind the wheel and how well you see it and to the ability of others-pedestrians and other drivers-to see you.Reduced visibility= increased riskTime can refer to the ability to judge your speed and the speed of other vehicles. Also how long it will take your vehicle or another vehicle to stop or intersect paths.Space refers to distance. Keeping a margin of space between your vehicle and other vehicles allow you to maneuver.
7 SIPDE ProcessSearch the roadway and off-road areas 20 to 30 seconds ahead for information that can help you plan a path of travel.Identify objects or conditions within 12 to 15 seconds ahead that could interfere with your planned path of travelPredict what actions or changes in conditions on or near the roadway could increase the level of riskDecide what actions or actions to take at least 4 to 5 seconds ahead of time to control or reduce riskExecute your decision
8 You must know when to look, where to look, how to look IPDE ProcessIdentify- See or observing the driving scene.You must know when to look, where to look, how to lookand what to look for.Other roadway usersTraffic controlsConditions of your vehicleVisual search pattern and selective seeing
9 IPDE ProcessPredict- Guessing when and where possible conflict will happen.Prepare to adjust your actions to compensateother roadway users.Use of judgment, knowledge, and experience.Evaluate the situation and make a judgment about the possible consequences
10 IPDE Process Decide- Making decisions as to how to act. Change in speedChange in directionCommunicateYour decision to maintain speed, change lanes, change directions, or communicate while driving.You also decide to communicate with other by using lights horn, or body movements
11 IPDE ProcessExecute- Taking action and carrying out your decisions in order to avoid conflictAccelerateBrakeSteerCombined actions
12 Smith System Aim High and Look Ahead, Not Down Keep Your Eyes Moving Get the Big PictureMake Sure Others See youLeave Yourself a Way Out or A Margin of Safety
13 How does Driver Education Course be of value to you? Provide you with knowledge of vehiclesDevelop your ability to make sound driving decisionsProvide awareness of emotional and physical factors that can impede driving abilityProvide knowledge about vehicle maintenance and traffic laws
14 Help you make quick and accurate use of the IPDE Process. Zone Control SystemHelp you make quick and accurate use of the IPDE Process.Zones -Are one of six areas of space around a vehicle that is the width of a lane and extends as far as the driver can seeOpen Zone -Space where you can drive without a restriction.Line of Sight -Distance you can see ahead in the direction you are looking.Path of Travel -The space your vehicle is going and taking up.Closed Zone -Space that is to open to you because of a restriction on your sight or path of travel.Target Area Range -Space form your vehicle to the target area
15 Where to look and how to look Open Zones -Use you Visual search pattern to look for open or closed zonesField VisionCentral Vision- A narrow area where you can clearly see directly in front of you.Peripheral Vision- Area you can see to the, left or right of your central vision
16 What factors might interfere with your ability to drive safely? Emotional stateEffects of illness or injurySide effects of medicationsAlcohol or drugsFeeling that there is little or no risk involved in driving