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Poultry Breeds p. 102
Why do people raise chickens? Eggs Meat Eggs & Meat Dual purpose breeds Exhibition Enjoyment
Earlobes & Eggs??? white ear lobes = white eggs. red ear lobes = brown eggs.
Meat breeds? The meat type chickens are not breeds They are hybrids They are bred to have larger mass thus they prove to be better meat producers
Broilers The Cornish x White Rock is the standard bird of the commercial poultry industry GROW FAST!! ~ 9 lbs by 11 weeks 2 weeks old Broiler chick vs. Cochin chick
1. White Leghorns White Lay white eggs Most popular layers
2. White Plymouth Rock White meat Popular broilers for meat (breeding stock) Brown Eggs
3. Rhode Island Reds Red-brown feathers brown Lay brown eggs (red earlobes)
What breed are these???
4. Barred Rock Variety of Plymouth Rock Brown Eggs (red earlobes)
5. Bantam little chicken Miniature versions of standard breeds Bantams are used primarily for show
6. Silkies Their unique appearance and quiet temperament often kept as pets Colors: black, blue, buff, white, partridge and gray Their skin and bones are black!
Cornish Foundation for the broiler industry Ultimate meat bird
Turkeys The turkey is native to North America and was domesticated by the Aztecs in Mexico 500 years ago.
Broad breasted Bronze Turkey The Bronze turkey is named for its unusual color, a shimmering green-bronze which appears metallic in the sunlight
Broad-breasted Bronze Turkey
Broad-breasted Large White Turkey Most popular breed of Turkey Cannot breed naturally due to ________
Broad-breasted Large White Turkey
Most commercial poultry producers use crosses of more than one breed or selected strains of a breed.
Breeds of Swine
1. American Landrace
American Landrace Characteristics: Solid white colored, long body, large droopy ears Large litters, excellent mothering ability Originated in Denmark
Duroc Characteristics: Red- Brown Drooping ears Excellent rate of gain/growth rate and feed efficiency-feed converters
Hampshire Characteristics: Originated from England Black with white belt encircling front legs/shoulder Erect ears Lean
Yorkshire Characteristics: White, erect ears Good mothering ability, large litters Feed efficiency, growth Long body
5. Poland China
Types of Cattle Are all types of cattle alike? What about these two? Will they be used for the same purpose?
Breeds of Beef Cattle
Originated from Scotland Solid Black and Polled Red Angus-same characteristics recessive gene for red color Known for marbling quality and mothering/milking ability Most registered breed
2. Hereford Red body & White face, switch, underline, feet Originated in England Good temperament=docile, good foraging ability, hardy, fertile Poor milkers
Originated in France White to cream-straw colored Very large framed and polled Fast growing Thick muscled
Originated in India Colors range from red, gray, white, and black Heat tolerant, insect/disease resistant
Have large pendulous sheath, big floppy ears and a humpHave large pendulous sheath, big floppy ears and a hump Docile bullsDocile bulls
Black Baldy Hereford x Angus cross
Limousin Golden-Red color Most docile beef breed
Brangus 3/8 Angus, 5/8 Brahman
Beefmaster 25% Hereford, 25% Shorthorn and 50% Brahman No standard color
Texas Longhorn Known for its characteristic horns Lean beef Diverse range of colors Hardy!! – can thrive where other breeds cannot survive!
Breeds of Dairy Cattle
1. Holstein Most popular dairy breed and largest framed Originated in Holland Colors are mix of black and white or ( red & white – not as common)
2. Jersey Originated on the Isle of Jersey (coast of France) Colors are light gray to fawn. Smallest of dairy breeds
3. Ayrshire Originated in Scotland Color - red and white spotted
4. Brown Swiss Hardy breed Originated in Switzerland Light brown or gray in color
5. Guernsey Fawn & white in color Originated on the Isle of Guernsey (coast of France) Milk has a rich taste & golden color Higher % of butterfat & beta carotene
Assignment – Coloring! Using the laptops and textbooks Color in animals in your workbook All breeds that we covered Look at handout for list
Introduction to Animal Science. Competency 1.00 Investigate agriculture animals in order to build a foundational knowledge for advanced animal science.
Breeds of Livestock Beef Cattle. English Breeds Angus Hereford Short Horn.
Daily Food for Thought 1 Why do animals have different breeds?
Animal Science Agriscience Applications. Objective Investigate careers related to the field of animal science Investigate careers related to the field.
Enterprise: Animal Science Unit: Livestock Breeds & Terms Factor Information needed I. Intro.A. Identifying breeds of livestock is basic knowledge of.
What is it?
Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I Ag Ed I.
1 Unit E Segments of the Animal Industry Lesson 2 Exploring the Sheep and Goat Industry.
The Poultry Industry One of the fastest growing segments of the animal industry.
Genetics. the study of heredity the way in which traits of parents are passed on to offspring.
Urban Chicken Management Curious what all the cluck is about? Wondering what your neighbors are up to or thinking about.
The Large Animal Industry. The Meat Industry zEach year the average person in this country consumes 97 pounds of beef and veal, 64 pounds of pork, and.
Enterprise:Animal Science Unit:Basic Genetics Factor Information needed I. Intro.A. The use of genetics to improve animals can not be overlooked by producers.
Genetics of Animal Breeding Animal Science II Unit 9.
Poultry Production Chapter #10. Poultry Meat o High protein o Low fat o Economical to eat o 2nd in consumption only to beef.
15.1 SELECTIVE BREEDING (Hybridization vs. Inbreeding; biotechnology) 15.1 SELECTIVE BREEDING (Hybridization vs. Inbreeding; biotechnology)
Livestock and Poultry Evaluation Animal Science II.
Alternative Animal Agriculture Production animals other than those traditionally raised usually in small scale and provides a product for a specialty.
Wild Turkeys By: Travis DeLozier. Wild Turkey Trivia Turkeys can run up to speeds of 20 mph? Turkeys can run up to speeds of 20 mph? A young turkey is.
Natural Selection Is the process by which organisms that are better adapted to their environment survive and breed while those less well adapted fail to.
Of. and a to the in is you that it at be.
50 years of International Experience in more than 70 countries 1 st French Exporter of cattle and goat genetics : STRAWS per year + up to 1.
High Frequency Words List A Group 1. the of and.
Standard Grade Biology Inheritance Topic Selective Breeding.
GENETIC ENGINEERING What is it? What are the advantages (pros) and disadvantages (cons)? What is your opinion?
Absolute Age Finding a rocks birthday. Absolute Age? Give an example of an absolute age of a rock layer… That rock layer is 200 million years old. Remember,
Housing and Equipment Systems Objective: Describe the housing and equipment used in the beef, swine and poultry industry.
AIM: Why do scientists need to classify organisms? AIM: Why do scientists need to classify organisms? OUTCOMES: Level E: I can know that organisms are.
The. of and a to in is you that it he for.
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