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Breeds of Beef Cattle. Terms Breed - group of animals related by decent from common ancestors, with similar characteristics Bull - a male Cow - a female.

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Presentation on theme: "Breeds of Beef Cattle. Terms Breed - group of animals related by decent from common ancestors, with similar characteristics Bull - a male Cow - a female."— Presentation transcript:

1 Breeds of Beef Cattle

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3 Terms Breed - group of animals related by decent from common ancestors, with similar characteristics Bull - a male Cow - a female Heifer - an unbred female Calf - an unmature (young) Steer - a castrated male

4 Breed Divisions British/English Continental/Exotic/European Bos Indicus/American/Zebu

5 British AKA: English General Characteristics –Good Maternal Ability –Early Maturing –Adapt Well to Cold Climates

6 Angus Origin - Scotland Color - Black Polled Moderate in Size Excellent marbling Early Maturing

7 Hereford Origin - England Color - Red with White markings Horned Thick Hair Coat Good Disposition

8 Polled Hereford Origin - Iowa, Warren Gammon Color - Same as Hereford Polled Early Maturing

9 Red Angus Origin - U.S. Color - Red Polled Moderate size Developed from recessive Gene

10 Shorthorn Origin - England Color - Red, White, Red and White, Roan

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14 Shorthorn Origin - England Color - Red, White, Red and White, Roan Polled or Horned Good disposition Excellent Milk Production

15 Shorthorn Plus 1/4 – 7/8 Shorthorn commercial ranks cattle with black markings or coat color cannot exceed the 1/2 percentage designation

16 Continental AKA: European or Exotic General Characteristics –Growthy –Fast Gaining –Later Maturing

17 Charolais Origin - France Color - Cream White with pink skin Horned Large size Fast growing Muscular Marbling can be a Problem

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19 Chianina Origin - Italy Color - White or Black Hair with dark skin Horned Large Frame Lean Muscular Carcass Not Maternal Breed Largest Breed in World

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21 Limousin Origin - France Color - Wheat to Rust Red Horned Ease of Calving High Carcass Cutability

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23 Lim-Flex Combination 25% - 75% Limousin and 25% - 75% Angus or Red Angus Sires and Dams must be registered with either ALBS, AAA, or ARAA Maternal Good Marbling Carcass yield

24 Maine-Anjou Origin - France Color - Red with White Underline Largest of French Breeds Rapid Growers Dual Purpose Breed

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26 Mainetainer 1/4 - 5/8 Maine-Anjou Can be crossed with any other breed Adopted in 2002 Ability to add other breed traits to Maine- Anjou

27 Simmental Origin - Switzerland Color - Yellow to Red and white Horned Heavy Milk Production Large Frame Fast Growing

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29 Bos Indicus AKA: American General Characteristics –Heat Tolerant –Disease Resistant –Loose Skin –Thrive in Harsh Conditions

30 Brahman Origin - India Color - Gray, Red, Brown, Black, White Horned Drooping Ears Hump over Shoulders Loose Skin Thrive in Hot, Humid Climates

31 Beefmaster Origin - Lasater Ranch, Texas, /2 Brahman, 1/4 Shorthorn, 1/4 Hereford Color - Various Hardy, Rapid Growth Heavy Weaning Weights Good on Range Conditions

32 Brangus Origin - Oklahoma 3/8 Brahman 5/8 Angus Color - Black Polled Moderate in Size Show Brahman Influence

33 Red Brangus Origin - Texas Brahman X Angus Color - Red Polled Drooping Ears Males have Crest

34 Santa Gertrudis Origin - Texas, King Ranch 5/8 Shorthorn 3/8 Brahman Color - Red Trace back to Single Sire Hardy Good Mothering Ability

35 Star 5 50% or more Santa Gertrudis Sire or Dam must be registered Records influenced cattle genetics and performance More marketable than purebreed

36 Simbrah Origin - U.S. Simmental X Brahman Color - Red and White, solid Polled or Horned Dual Purpose Rapid Growth

37 Review Questions Name Two British Breeds Angus, Hereford, Polled Hereford, Red Angus, Shorthorn Name Two General Characteristics of American Breeds Heat Tolerant, Disease Resistant, Loose Skin, Thrive in Harsh Conditions What Breed is Largest in the World? Chianina

38 Review Questions Continued What Breed has a High Cutability Carcass? Limousin Where did the Santa Gertrudis originate? King Ranch in Texas


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