Presentation on theme: "FACS National Standard #8. 5"— Presentation transcript:
1Competency #4: I understand egg cookery and can demonstrate a variety of techniques FACS National Standard #8.5.2: Demonstrate a variety of cooking method including roasting and baking, broiling, smoking, grilling, sautéing, frying, deep frying, braising, stewing, steaming, poaching, woking, convection, microwave and other emerging technologies.#8.5.10: Prepare baked goods and desserts.Eggs
2Inside an eggThe white (albumen): is made of 87% water and has no fat.The Chalazae: acts as an anchor for the yolk.Yolk: contains all of the egg’s fat and half of its protein.Air Cell: the pocket of air at the wide end of the shell.
3More Egg FactsEgg Sizes: From extra jumbo to peewee. The most common size is large.Grading of Eggs: (AA,A, and B by USDA)Determined by age, shape, and appearance of shell, yolk, albumen, and air cell.
5Uses/functions of eggs in cooking Garnish:Eggs can be used to add garnish (decoration) to foods either poached or boiled and sliced.Example: saladThickening:Egg white coagulates (sets) at 140°, the yolk sets at 160°, so when these temperatures are reached they begin to set and thicken the mixture. Do not allow to exceed these temperatures of the mixture will set fully and curdle (scramble)Example: custardEmulsification:Oil and water mixed together form an emulsion, but this will only last a short while then separate. The lecithin in egg yolks keeps the emulsion stableExample: mayonnaiseCoagulation:This is when the egg sets the mixture once it has exceeded 160°.Example: quiche fillingBinding:The egg sets when cooked sticking other ingredients togetherExample: burgersUses/functions of eggs in cookingEnriching:Adding richness and extra nutrition to foodsExample: rich shortcrust pastryGlazing:Before cooking foods can be brushed with beaten egg. During baking the egg glaze goes golden brown.Example: pastries, piesCoating:Foods can be brushed with egg then dipped in breadcrumbs. During cooking the egg coagulates(sets) and hols the product together.Example: fish cakesLeavening (Trapping air):The protein in the egg white stretches when beaten and traps air.Example: cake making
6Emulsifier:MayonnaisePasta saladPotato saladColeslawDevilled eggsThickening:TrifleCustardsLemon meringue fillingCoagulation:QuicheBaked cheesecakeFried riceDevilled eggsHow the eggs are usedEnriching:Sweet pastry products – Flan, Cream Pie FillingBinding:BurgersMeatloafMeatballsLeavening:Angel Food CakeÉclairsCakesGateauxMeringuesMoussesPopoversSponge flan.Glazing:Any pastry product –PiesMeat pies (Aussie pies)Coating:Fried ChickenChicken Fried SteakFried Fish (fish and chips)
7“Weeping”: A term referring to the moisture that forms between the meringue and the pie filling. Cream of Tartar: Stabilizes egg whites. Used in pie meringue.
8Eggs are Good for You! 80 Calories Relatively low in Saturated Fat Highest Biological Value ProteinHigh in Vitamins A, D, E, most B vitamins and CMinerals –Iodine (necessary to make the thyroid homorone)Phosphorus (bone health)Zinc (heals wounds, helps growth and fights infections)SeleniumCalciumIron.Cholesterol – must have some to process fat.
9Safe Egg CookeryIf you cook eggs until both the white and yolk are solid this will kill any bacteria.Foods that are made with raw eggs and then not cooked, or only lightly cooked, can cause food poisoning. This is because any bacteria in the eggs won't be killed.All the following might contain raw eggs:Home-made mayonnaiseBéarnaise and hollandaise saucesSome salad dressingsHome-made ice creamIcingMousseTiramisu and other dessertsUse pasteurized eggs in undercooked egg dishes - pasteurization killsbacteria.
10Storing Eggs SafelyDo store eggs in their original carton, not the egg tray provided in some refrigerators.Do eat dishes containing eggs as soon as possible after you've prepared them.Cool egg dishes quickly and refrigerate them.Don't use eggs after their 'best before' date for the safest choice.Don't use eggs with damaged shells, because dirt or bacteria might have got inside them.
11Avoid Food PoisoningEating raw eggs, or eggs with runny yolks, or any food containing these, can cause food poisoning especially for anyone who is: very young (babies to toddlers) elderly pregnant already unwell Eggs may contain salmonella bacteria. Pasteurized eggs are the safest option for these vulnerable groups.
12Avoiding the Spread of Bacteria Keep eggs away from other foods, when they are still in the shell and after you have cracked them. Be careful not to splash egg onto other foods, worktops or dishes. Always wash and dry your hands thoroughly after touching eggs or working with them. Clean surfaces, dishes and utensils thoroughly, using warm soapy water, after working with eggs.
13Eggs for caterers Why? Save money Save time Less storage space Lower transportation costsNo more broken eggsLonger shelf lifeLess wastageConsistent productLess risk of salmonella
14MAXIUMUM 1 SIDE OF size A paper AssignmentWrite a newspaper article about eggs. Include information on:Quick and healthy breakfast ideas using eggsThe health benefits of eggsHow to store and handle eggs safelyMAXIUMUM 1 SIDE OF size A paper
15Eggs are eggxellent! Eggjoy Eggs! Researchers have found that eating eggs for breakfast can help you feel fuller during the morning.Don’t forget to be safe when handling your eggs! Follow these safety tips:Store at a temp below 40 degrees FEtcThe health benefits of eggs include:Excellent Source of ProteinVitamins......etcTry the following recipes for breakfast:OmeletsEtcEggjoy Eggs!