3Egg Sizes Jumbo Extra Large Large (Used in all recipes) Medium Small (less common)Pewee (less common)The larger the egg the more fluid ounces it is. There fore if you are not using large eggs you may not have the right measurment.
4Egg GradesGrade AA: Freshest. Yolk is firm. White is thick. Yolk stands tall on the white. Not Runny.Grade A: Egg covers a relatively small area. Yolk is round. Thick white is large in proportoin to thin white and stands fairly well around the yolk.Grade B: Egg spreads out (runs). Yolk is flattened. All of the white is thin.
5Nutrition2 eggs have 30% of the protein needed daily and are only 160 caloriesPROTIEN: for muscles, nerves, bones & bloodRIBOFLAVIN: helps cells use oxygenNIACIN: for nerves and skinIRON: for healthy bloodPOTASSIUM: for healthy heart
6What is the function of the Chalazae? It anchors the yolk in the center of the eggAs the egg get older and looses freshness the chalazae becomes less prominent.
7The air cell is 1/8 of an inch in a high quality fresh egg. The older the egg, the larger the air cell
8The blood spot you may see sometimes when you crack an egg open is only a rupture of a blood vessel on the yolk surface during formation of the egg.It is safe to eat.It is not a dead chicken!
9The Break Out Egg TestThe break out egg test is when you break an egg onto a plate or other flat surface to tell whether or not it is fresh.If the egg is fresh the white will be sturdy and the yolk will stand on top of it.If it is not fresh the white will be runny and run to the edges of the plate.
10Color of the Egg ShellThe color of the egg shell is determined only by the color of the hen (female chicken)If the chicken has brown feathers they will lay brown eggs.If the chicken has white feathers it will lay white eggs.They are the exact same egg inside nutritiously.It does not effect the quality of the egg.
11Only Buy Fresh, Graded Eggs Bacteria such as salmonella or E Coli may be present.Make sure you use them before the date on the package because bacteria can develop over time.The grade tells you how fresh the egg is.
12How should eggs be stored? Eggs should be stored in therefrigerator below 40 degrees FThey are best if used by the date on the carton. Usually 3 weeks form when you buy them depending on the grade.They should be stored in the carton NOT in the egg slots you may have in your refrigerator.Store them with the pointed end down to keep the yolk centered
13Eggs are very Versatile in Cooking They can be used a number of different ways and have many functions in recipes such as…To bind ingredients together like in a bakingAs a leavening agent to make baked goods riseAs a thickener in saucesAs a coating like an egg wash on pastriesOr as a garnish to decorate a plate
14How to Cook EggsCook eggs on medium to low heat only even if it takes longerHigh heat can make eggs rubbery or tough because of all the protein in them