2 It’s not what it use to be…. Gym ClassSitting down to take attendanceCalisthenicsSports centered activities…Football, Basketball, or BaseballBoys classGirls classVery loose curriculum, IF ANYSports oriented programmingHealth class-SEX EDUCATION
3 PHYSICAL EDUCATION TODAY… CO-ED CLASSESCOOPERATIVE GAMESCROSS-CURRICULAR INSTRUCTIONFOCUS ON EDUCATING THE WHOLE CHILDINCORPORATION OF TECHNOLOGY IN INSTRUCTIONHOMEWORKINCLUSION OFSPECIAL NEEDS STUDENTSCREATING ACTIVE, HEALTH CONCIOUS STUDENTS = ACTIVE HEALTH CONCIOUS ADULTS
4 Illinois State Standards – Physical & Health Education (Goals) STATE GOAL 19: Acquire movement skills and understand concepts needed to engage in health-enhancing physical activity. -Demonstrate physical competency in individual and team sports, creative movement and leisure and work-related activities. Analyze various movement concepts and applications. -Demonstrate knowledge of rules, safety and strategies during physical activity. STATE GOAL 20: Achieve and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness based upon continual self-assessment. -Know and apply the principles and components of health-related fitness. -Assess individual fitness levels. -Set goals based on fitness data and develop, implement and monitor an individual fitness improvement plan. STATE GOAL 21: Develop team-building skills by working with others through physical activity. -Demonstrate individual responsibility during group physical activities. -Demonstrate cooperative skills during structured group physical activity.STATE GOAL 22: Understand principles of health promotion and the prevention and treatment of illness and injury. -Explain the basic principles of health promotion, illness prevention and safety. -Describe and explain the factors that influence health among individuals, groups and communities. -Explain how the environment can affect health. STATE GOAL 23: Understand human body systems and factors that influence growth and development. -Describe and explain the structure and functions of the human body systems and how they interrelate. -Explain the effects of health-related actions on the body systems. -Describe factors that affect growth and development. STATE GOAL 24: Promote and enhance health and well being through the use of effective communication and decision-making skills. -Demonstrate procedures for communicating in positive ways, resolving differences and preventing conflict. -Apply decision-making skills related to the protection and promotion of individual health. -Demonstrate skills essential to enhancing health and avoiding dangerous situations.
5 Physical & Health Education Primary Grades -PreK, Kindergarten, 1st & 2nd Grade CurriculumFALL WINTER SPRINGBasic Movement >Gymnastics >Bowling(Up, down, left, right) (Tumbling)Coordination >Fine Motor Skills >Gross & Fine Motor Skills+BalancingGross Motor Skills >Cooperative Games >SPRING Potpourri+Kickball+Tee ball+Beginning SoccerActive Listening Skills >Health/NutritionCross-Curriculum Instruction >Cross-Curriculum Instruction > Cross-Curriculum Instruction
6 Physical & Health Education Intermediate Grades -3rd, 4th, and 5th Grade CurriculumFALL WINTER SPRINGTennis basics >Basketball >BowlingSoccer basics >Kinball >Softball/TeeballFootball basics >Badminton basics >Fitness TrainingCoordination >Fine Motor Skills >Gross & Fine Motor SkillsGross Motor Skills >Cooperative Games >SPRING PotpourriActive Listening Skills >Health/NutritionCross-Curriculum Instruction > >Cross-Curriculum Instruction > Cross-Curriculum Instruction
7 Physical & Health Education Middle School Grades – 6th, 7th, and 8th Grade CurriculumFALL WINTER SPRINGTennis >Basketball >BowlingSoccer >Kinball >Floor HockeyArchery >Softball/TeeballFootball >Badminton >Fitness TrainingGross Motor Skills >Cooperative Games >SPRING PotpourriActive Listening Skills >Health/Nutrition >Health/NutritionCross-Curriculum Instruction >Cross-Curriculum Instruction > Cross-Curriculum Instruction
8 Why A Need for Physical Education? According to the National Association for Sports and Physical Education children need physical education Physical education is an integral part of the total education of every child in Kindergarten through Grade 12. Quality physical education programs are needed to increase the physical competence, health-related fitness, self-responsibility and enjoyment of physical activity for all students so that they can be physically active for a lifetime. Physical education programs can only provide these benefits if they are well planned and well implemented. Improved Physical Fitness Improves children's muscular strength, flexibility, muscular endurance, body composition and cardiovascular endurance. Skill Development Develops motor skills, which allow for safe, successful and satisfying participation in physical activities. Regular, Healthful Physical Activity Provides a wide-range of developmentally appropriate activities for all children. Support of Other Subject Areas Reinforces knowledge learned across the curriculum. Serves as a lab for application of content in science, math and social studies.Self DisciplineFacilitates development of student responsibility for health and fitness.Improved JudgmentQuality physical education can influence moral development. Students have the opportunity to assume leadership, cooperate with others; question actions and regulations and accept responsibility for their own behavior.Stress ReductionPhysical activity becomes an outlet for releasing tension and anxiety, and facilitates emotional stability and resilience.Strengthened Peer RelationshipsPhysical education can be a major force in helping children socialize with others successfully and provides opportunities to learn positive people skills. Especially during late childhood and adolescence, being able to participate in dances, games and sports is an important part of peer culture.Improved Self-confidence and Self-esteemPhysical education instills a stronger sense of self-worth in children based on their mastery of skills and concepts in physical activity. They can become more confident, assertive, independent and self-controlled.Experience Setting GoalsGives children the opportunity to set and strive for personal, achievable goals.For more information go to the following link:
9 The MOVEMENT EDUCATION MODEL Movement Education Models focus on the lifelong process of motor development. The purpose of movement education is to teach children the principles that govern human movement and guide them in becoming skillful movers. This is best achieved by planning lessons around a theoretical model of human movement. Rudolf Laban's movement classification system serves as the basis for decision-making. The system's components include Body Awareness, Space Awareness, Quality of Movement and Relationships. These concepts provide the content for the curriculum in educational games, educational dance and educational gymnastics.A widely used, field-tested and certified model is Every Child A Winner, which measurably improves fitness and motor skills and contributes to enhanced academics and self-esteem. This model uses problem solving teaching methods, which allow students to develop decision-making skills.In the field tested lessons, scope, sequence and progression can be found in movement terminology and motor skill development. Program objectives provide the teaching focus and desired learning outcomes for students. Movement tasks are designed to stimulate critical thinking and provide inclusion while also improving physical fitness, motor skills, vocabulary and cooperative learning. Competition is both designed and initiated by children. All children are encouraged to reach their potential.Texts for the model can be found in Every Child A Winner Lesson Plans, A Movement Education Curriculum for Today's Child, Levels I, II, III (Rocket and Owens). The Program Effectiveness Panel, U. S. Department of Education certifies the texts. Please refer to Appendix G Every Child a Winner Movement Chart, for a full listing of the concepts taught in this program.
10 Ways the Body Uses Space Basic Movements The Body Can Make EVERY CHILD A WINNEREvery Child A Winner Lesson Plans, A Movement Education Curriculum for Today’s Child – Levels I, II, III, Rocket and Owens, Reprinted by permission of the authors.SPACE AWARENESSGeneral SpacePersonal SpaceWays the Body Uses SpaceDirectionsForward Backward left/right up/downLevelshigh medium lowPathwaysstraight curved zigzagRangeslarge medium small QUALITY OF BODY MOVEMENTTimefast/suddenForcestrong/heavy slow/sustained light/weakSpacedirect flexible RELATIONSHIPS Relationship of the Body to Objects, Individuals, GroupsBody parts to body parts Individuals to groups Body parts to objects Groups to objectsNear far meeting parting surrounding over under alongsidein front ofBehind across leading following mirroring shadowingunison contrastBODY AWARENESSWhat the Body IsBody partshead, neck arms, legs trunk, hands, feet, etc.Body surfacesfront back sidesWhat the Body DoesWhat the body parts can dosupport lead transfer weightWhat shapes the body can makeround, twisted wide, narrow symmetrical, asymmetricalBasic Movements The Body Can MakeLocomotorwalk, run jump, hop leap, gallop skip, slideManipulativekick strike throw catchNon- locomotorbend, stretch curl, twist turn, swing swayManeuver Weightpush, pull lift, carry resist, receive