Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17.4 T h e C a l i f o r n i a G o l d R u s h In the early 1840s – Something bright and shiny would catch Americas attention – Gold…"— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 17.4 T h e C a l i f o r n i a G o l d R u s h In the early 1840s – Something bright and shiny would catch Americas attention – Gold…
John Sutter finds something shiny… 1848, California – Sutters Mill Owned by John Sutter – Employee finds a nugget of gold about the size of a pea – Worth thousands of dollars!!!
The California Gold Rush 1849 – People go to California as fast as they can! How fast? – Population: » 1848 = 812 » 1849 = 81,000 – Become known as the forty-niners What are they looking for? – The American dream… » GET RICH QUICK!
People abandon their lives back East… Once people heard there was gold out west: – Farmers left their plows – Blacksmiths left their forges – Tailors left their needles – Sailors left their ships – Doctors left their patients – American economy stalls!!
Prospectors look to get rich Prospectors – People who search for gold along the banks of streams or in shallow surface mines. – How do you find gold? By playing in the mud! – Called a sluice box. » Separates mud from gold
Heading to California Failure to Prepare Men put on their best clothes and bought a few fancy tools Without preparation many men died Disease Fatigue Indian Attack Rattlesnake Bites Starvation Freezing to death
The Gold Myth Once you were in California, your cares were over….right? – You could bend down and pick up gold in the streams! – Youll be rich in no time at all. – Not exactly. By 1850 – The gold had run dry…
The Growth in Population 1848 – 812 people living in San Francisco 1849 – 80,000 people came to California in search of gold 1850 – 25,000 people living in San Francisco Leave to go find gold elsewhere – Oregon – Utah – Nevada
So who came for gold? Everyone!
So Who Got Rich? The Storekeepers – The people who sold things to all those miners who poured into California – Prospectors had to eat – They needed items: Tents shovels shirts Pants – Richest man = Levi Strauss
Life in the Mountains…
Some tried to tough it out…
Others realized they couldnt go home…
Some planned on retiring…
Some had no idea, but thought it would be fun...
Lasting Effects of the California Gold Rush… How did the gold rush help California? – Brought people from around the world to California Cities become mixed between cultures – Splits towns into neighborhoods » China Town » German Town » Little Italy – Gave California enough people to become a state! Happens in 1850
Review Questions Where is gold first found in California? What is the name given to the people who come to California in during 1849? What is a prospector?