Presentation on theme: "Chapter 17.4 T h e C a l i f o r n i a G o l d R u s h In the early 1840s – Something bright and shiny would catch Americas attention – Gold…"— Presentation transcript:
Chapter 17.4 T h e C a l i f o r n i a G o l d R u s h In the early 1840s – Something bright and shiny would catch Americas attention – Gold…
John Sutter finds something shiny… 1848, California – Sutters Mill Owned by John Sutter – Employee finds a nugget of gold about the size of a pea – Worth thousands of dollars!!!
The California Gold Rush 1849 – People go to California as fast as they can! How fast? – Population: » 1848 = 812 » 1849 = 81,000 – Become known as the forty-niners What are they looking for? – The American dream… » GET RICH QUICK!
People abandon their lives back East… Once people heard there was gold out west: – Farmers left their plows – Blacksmiths left their forges – Tailors left their needles – Sailors left their ships – Doctors left their patients – American economy stalls!!
Prospectors look to get rich Prospectors – People who search for gold along the banks of streams or in shallow surface mines. – How do you find gold? By playing in the mud! – Called a sluice box. » Separates mud from gold
Heading to California Failure to Prepare Men put on their best clothes and bought a few fancy tools Without preparation many men died Disease Fatigue Indian Attack Rattlesnake Bites Starvation Freezing to death
The Gold Myth Once you were in California, your cares were over….right? – You could bend down and pick up gold in the streams! – Youll be rich in no time at all. – Not exactly. By 1850 – The gold had run dry…
The Growth in Population 1848 – 812 people living in San Francisco 1849 – 80,000 people came to California in search of gold 1850 – 25,000 people living in San Francisco Leave to go find gold elsewhere – Oregon – Utah – Nevada
So Who Got Rich? The Storekeepers – The people who sold things to all those miners who poured into California – Prospectors had to eat – They needed items: Tents shovels shirts Pants – Richest man = Levi Strauss
Some had no idea, but thought it would be fun...
Lasting Effects of the California Gold Rush… How did the gold rush help California? – Brought people from around the world to California Cities become mixed between cultures – Splits towns into neighborhoods » China Town » German Town » Little Italy – Gave California enough people to become a state! Happens in 1850
Review Questions Where is gold first found in California? What is the name given to the people who come to California in during 1849? What is a prospector?