3 Gold in Them Thar HillsPrior to the Gold Rush, California was home to 150,000 Native Americans and about 12,000 CaliforniosSome Californios owned large plots of land, like Mariano Vallejo, and old military commander for Mexico who owned 250,000 acresWhile few immigrants could buy land, John Sutter of Switzerland would buy 50,000 acres and began to set up his dream empireWhen John Sutter commissioned James Marshall to build a saw mill gold would be discovered on his land leading to the California Gold Rush
4 Golden OpportunitiesMarshall’s discovery led to the California Gold Rush as thousands of settlers, known as 49’ers, raced to California to find goldGold would be found in many rivers around the area estimated to be able to pay for the entire Mexican War 10 times over
5 A long way to go…and a short time to get there Three routes led to California including:By sea, around South America suffering from storms, sickness, and spoiled foodSail to Panama, cross over land, and reach California but risk tropical diseaseTravel across the United States risking all the hardships of the westBecause of the difficulty of getting to California, mostly young men made the trip to find fortune
6 No Quick RichesSoon after the Rush, Gold Mining Towns popped up with saloons, stores, and many DangersWhile stories of getting rich over night spread through the west, sickness disease and death were more commonIn reality, riches were rare, and most miners would lose money buying land, supplies, and being swindled by Con Artists and gamblers
7 Mine Your own BusinessMiners were mostly white New Englanders, Native Americans, Free Blacks and Slaves also worked as MinersAs foreign Immigration swept through California, Chinese immigrants made up 10 percent of all immigrantsChinese Miners would buy “played out” mines and work them for profitMany California Miners would soon grow to resent the Chinese miners due to their riches and culture
8 The Real ChinatownMiners soon became cheats working scams to mine the landAs gold became scarce, miners forced Chinese immigrants and Native Americans off the landOnce California became a state they would pass the foreign Miner’s Tax at $20 which would force the immigrants out of the stateThe displaced Chinese immigrants would soon open up businesses around the cities around the mines
9 The Power of GreedAs 250,000 people moved to California, San Francisco grew into a banking and port town, and Sacramento turned into a farming townMany Californios Lost their large Amounts of land to the American SettlersNative Americans suffered worse fates dying of disease, or being hunted and murdered for their land
10 Rags to RichesCalifornia would be admitted as a State in 1849 as a free state in the unionFor some slaves California became an opportunity to start a new life and gain wealth, like Nancy Gooch who bough the Sutter SawmillCalifornia also became a threat to slavery, upsetting the Balance of free and slave states adding turmoil to the battle against slavery
11 This has been another World Famous Mr. Green PowerPoint Presentation Test Time!!
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