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Chapter 13: Manifest Destiny Section 4: The California Gold Rush.

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1 Chapter 13: Manifest Destiny Section 4: The California Gold Rush

2 Until 1848 California was populated by 150,000 Native Americans And 6000 Californios And 6000 Californios (Spanish or Mexican settlers) (Spanish or Mexican settlers) (When Mexico owned California they didnt want any American foreigners there) (When Mexico owned California they didnt want any American foreigners there) One Swiss immigrant did move there though – John Sutter (3) – who convinced the Mexican governor to give him 50,000 acres of land One Swiss immigrant did move there though – John Sutter (3) – who convinced the Mexican governor to give him 50,000 acres of land (for a farm) (for a farm)

3 Sutter was having a sawmill built, and one day his carpenter found some gold on the ground. Well, you know what happens next – EVERYONE (thousands) want to come to California to get rich as part of the California gold rush (6). Well, you know what happens next – EVERYONE (thousands) want to come to California to get rich as part of the California gold rush (6). California was a hard place to get to (way out west and over the Rockies) but people still came (mostly young men though). California was a hard place to get to (way out west and over the Rockies) but people still came (mostly young men though). These people are called 49ers because they started their migration (30/44) to California in: 18____ These people are called 49ers because they started their migration (30/44) to California in: 18____ Moving to a new place

4 1 ounce of gold: size/weight of one penny today Today: worth about ____ dollars Today: worth about ____ dollars In 1849: worth about ____ dollars In 1849: worth about ____ dollars (it would take a cabinet maker about 200 hours work to make that much money) (it would take a cabinet maker about 200 hours work to make that much money)

5 Why was gold so magical/special?

6 In the mid 1800s: it was an easy way to get rich - quick Todays ways to get rich quick: Lottery / Gambling Investments?Steal Sell Drugs Todays ways to get rich quick: Lottery / Gambling Investments?Steal Sell Drugs

7 People came from all over the world About 2/3 were Americans. About 2/3 were Americans. Also: Native Americans, free Blacks, and even some enslaved African Americans. Also: Native Americans, free Blacks, and even some enslaved African Americans. Some from Mexico. Some from Mexico. Others from Europe, South America, Australia. Others from Europe, South America, Australia. Even China (by % of the miners were Chinese – and they ended up being some of the best miners). Even China (by % of the miners were Chinese – and they ended up being some of the best miners). Very few women – it just wasnt the kind of thing ladies did. Very few women – it just wasnt the kind of thing ladies did.

8

9 Living there was Living there was For one thing, you can guess how men would live if there were never any women around. For one thing, you can guess how men would live if there were never any women around. Miners camped out a lot more than they lived in homes. Miners camped out a lot more than they lived in homes. Looking for gold was hot, sweaty and dirty work. Looking for gold was hot, sweaty and dirty work. There was great competition for the best claims. There was great competition for the best claims. And there were always people looking to cheat you, or simply rob you of anything you found. And there were always people looking to cheat you, or simply rob you of anything you found.

10 How to find gold: Panning Panning Crevicing / Digging Crevicing / Digging

11 For fun and entertainment: Bull and bear fights Bull and bear fights Bear and donkey fights Bear and donkey fights Wrestling Wrestling Boxing Boxing Magic Shows Magic Shows

12 By 1852… The gold rush was mostly over. The gold rush was mostly over. All the easy gold had been found. All the easy gold had been found. The government put a tax on foreign miners – that most of them couldnt afford The government put a tax on foreign miners – that most of them couldnt afford There were other gold rushes, but California is the one people hear about the most There were other gold rushes, but California is the one people hear about the most Montana, Colorado, Alaska, Central/South America Montana, Colorado, Alaska, Central/South America

13 The gold rush had a huge impact on California – even up to today California (and the San Francisco area became centers of banking, manufacturing, shipping, and trade. California (and the San Francisco area became centers of banking, manufacturing, shipping, and trade. Today – if California was its own country it would be the sixth richest nation IN THE WORLD (because of all its resources and how theyre used) Today – if California was its own country it would be the sixth richest nation IN THE WORLD (because of all its resources and how theyre used)

14 But even though some good things happened for the U.S. – that doesnt always mean good things for…. Native Americans Native Americans Of course – again – they lost a lot of land. Of course – again – they lost a lot of land. Many died from diseases brought by the newcomers. Many died from diseases brought by the newcomers. Miners would even hunt them down and kill them sometimes. Miners would even hunt them down and kill them sometimes. Or the original Spanish and Mexican settlers. Or the original Spanish and Mexican settlers. Many lost all their legal rights and their heritage (34 and 45) Many lost all their legal rights and their heritage (34 and 45) Many lost all their property. Many lost all their property. Your culture and what you get from your ancestors

15 Enough people did move to California that it could become a state A free state A free state California is home to more than 10 percent of all Americans and a central element in the American cultural fabric. Although more than two-thirds of native-born Americans live in their state of birth, fewer than half of all Californians were born in the state. Rather, California has been an important destination for U.S. internal migration in nearly every decade since California is home to more than 10 percent of all Americans and a central element in the American cultural fabric. Although more than two-thirds of native-born Americans live in their state of birth, fewer than half of all Californians were born in the state. Rather, California has been an important destination for U.S. internal migration in nearly every decade since And now there was one more free state than slave states – and that would cause more political turmoil (41 / 46) And now there was one more free state than slave states – and that would cause more political turmoil (41 / 46) (people getting upset) (people getting upset)


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