Presentation on theme: "Mali Land of Gold & Griots gold earrings A griot of today mudcloth"— Presentation transcript:
1 Mali Land of Gold & Griots gold earrings A griot of today mudcloth A pair of gold earrings from ancient MaliMali mudclothA griot (storyteller) present day MaliLead-in to next slide: Mali is a very old country. It has had many kings but there were 2 especially important kings.A griot of todaymudcloth
2 Prepared by Carol Almarez Elementary Instructional Technology Alleghany County Public Schools2005
3 Sundiata: The Lion King Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel SusuIn 1230, he conquered the Susu peopleUnder Sundiata, Mali prosperedDied in 1255
4 Mansa Musa Several kings ruled after Sundiata’s death Mansa Musa was grandson of Sundiata’s half brotherHe became the greatest king of Mali in 1312Under Mansa Musa, Mali became a great trading centerMiniFact: Mansa means Emperor or King
5 The Hajj Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a ‘hajj’Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach MeccaHe took a huge caravan with him in 1324After that, everyone knew aboutthe wealth of Mali
6 A Muslim church is called a Mosque This is the mosque at Djenne in Mali. It’s built of mud! Click for a movie
8 What did Mali trade? Gold The dotted lines are trade routes from Mali to otherparts ofAfrica
9 What else did they trade? Camels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravans bringing to Mali:SaltCopperIvoryClothKola NutsSlavesBooksShellsMiniFact: This was before Columbus even sailed to the New World!
10 Why was Salt Important? Mali often traded its gold for salt Salt was sometimes more valuable than gold!People’s bodies need salt to liveIn the desert heat, salt is lost through perspirationSalt was used to preserve foodSalt was brought in large slabs (coins)The man is holding a slab of salt mined recently near TimbuktuMiniFact: The picture behind these words is also a slab of SALT!
11 Timbuktu A very important city in Mali Center of learning for Muslims Universities and schoolsLargest trading center in MaliOn the Niger RiverTradeFoodWashingTimbuktu19th century traders in Timbuktu
12 The Griots Storytellers were called Griots or djeli They were important people in MaliThey told the land’s historyMost of what we know about ancient Mali came from the storytellersThey were advisors to the kingsThis is a 19th century griot of Mali with his instrument