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Mali Land of Gold & Griots gold earrings A griot of today mudcloth

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1 Mali Land of Gold & Griots gold earrings A griot of today mudcloth
A pair of gold earrings from ancient Mali Mali mudcloth A griot (storyteller) present day Mali Lead-in to next slide: Mali is a very old country. It has had many kings but there were 2 especially important kings. A griot of today mudcloth

2 Prepared by Carol Almarez Elementary Instructional Technology
Alleghany County Public Schools 2005

3 Sundiata: The Lion King
Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel Susu In 1230, he conquered the Susu people Under Sundiata, Mali prospered Died in 1255

4 Mansa Musa Several kings ruled after Sundiata’s death
Mansa Musa was grandson of Sundiata’s half brother He became the greatest king of Mali in 1312 Under Mansa Musa, Mali became a great trading center MiniFact: Mansa means Emperor or King

5 The Hajj Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim
Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a ‘hajj’ Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach Mecca He took a huge caravan with him in 1324 After that, everyone knew about the wealth of Mali

6 A Muslim church is called a Mosque
This is the mosque at Djenne in Mali. It’s built of mud! Click for a movie


8 What did Mali trade? Gold The dotted lines are trade routes from
Mali to other parts of Africa

9 What else did they trade?
Camels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravans bringing to Mali: Salt Copper Ivory Cloth Kola Nuts Slaves Books Shells MiniFact: This was before Columbus even sailed to the New World!

10 Why was Salt Important? Mali often traded its gold for salt
Salt was sometimes more valuable than gold! People’s bodies need salt to live In the desert heat, salt is lost through perspiration Salt was used to preserve food Salt was brought in large slabs (coins) The man is holding a slab of salt mined recently near Timbuktu MiniFact: The picture behind these words is also a slab of SALT!

11 Timbuktu A very important city in Mali Center of learning for Muslims
Universities and schools Largest trading center in Mali On the Niger River Trade Food Washing Timbuktu 19th century traders in Timbuktu

12 The Griots Storytellers were called Griots or djeli
They were important people in Mali They told the land’s history Most of what we know about ancient Mali came from the storytellers They were advisors to the kings This is a 19th century griot of Mali with his instrument

13 Mali Today

14 A Mali Scavenger Hunt In a scavenger hunt, you go from place to place and gather clues In this hunt, we will go from one place to another on the Internet and gather information! Hand out ‘clue sheet’

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