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Mali Land of Gold & Griots A griot of today gold earrings mudcloth.

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Presentation on theme: "Mali Land of Gold & Griots A griot of today gold earrings mudcloth."— Presentation transcript:

1 Mali Land of Gold & Griots A griot of today gold earrings mudcloth

2 Prepared by Carol Almarez Elementary Instructional Technology Alleghany County Public Schools 2005

3 Sundiata: The Lion King Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel Susu Prince of the Mandinka people, who were conquered by cruel Susu In 1230, he conquered the Susu people In 1230, he conquered the Susu people Under Sundiata, Mali prospered Under Sundiata, Mali prospered Died in 1255 Died in 1255

4 Mansa Musa Several kings ruled after Sundiatas death Several kings ruled after Sundiatas death Mansa Musa was grandson of Sundiatas half brother Mansa Musa was grandson of Sundiatas half brother He became the greatest king of Mali in 1312 He became the greatest king of Mali in 1312 Under Mansa Musa, Mali became a great trading center Under Mansa Musa, Mali became a great trading center MiniFact: Mansa means Emperor or King

5 The Hajj Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim Mansa Musa was a devout Muslim Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a hajj Muslims must make a journey to Mecca called a hajj Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach Mecca Mansa Musa crossed Africa to reach Mecca He took a huge caravan with him in 1324 He took a huge caravan with him in 1324 After that, everyone knew about After that, everyone knew about the wealth of Mali the wealth of Mali

6 A Muslim church is called a Mosque This is the mosque at Djenne in Mali. Its built of mud! Click for a movie Click for a movie

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8 What did Mali trade? Gold Gold The dotted lines are trade routes from routes from Mali to other Mali to other parts of parts of Africa Africa

9 What else did they trade? Salt Salt Copper Copper Ivory Ivory Cloth Cloth Kola Nuts Kola Nuts Slaves Slaves Books Books Shells Shells Camels, the ships of the desert, traveled in caravans bringing to Mali: MiniFact: This was before Columbus even sailed to the New World!

10 Why was Salt Important? Mali often traded its gold for salt Salt was sometimes more valuable than gold! Peoples bodies need salt to live In the desert heat, salt is lost through perspiration Salt was used to preserve food Salt was brought in large slabs (coins) MiniFact: The picture behind these words is also a slab of SALT! The man is holding a slab of salt mined recently near Timbuktu

11 Timbuktu A very important city in Mali A very important city in Mali Center of learning for Muslims Center of learning for Muslims Universities and schools Universities and schools Largest trading center in Mali Largest trading center in Mali On the Niger River On the Niger River Trade Trade Food Food Washing Washing Timbuktu 19 th century traders in Timbuktu

12 The Griots Storytellers were called Griots or djeli Storytellers were called Griots or djeli They were important people in Mali They were important people in Mali They told the lands history They told the lands history Most of what we know about ancient Mali came from the storytellers Most of what we know about ancient Mali came from the storytellers They were advisors to the kings They were advisors to the kings This is a 19 th century griot of Mali with his instrument

13 Mali Today

14 A Mali Scavenger Hunt In a scavenger hunt, you go from place to place and gather clues In a scavenger hunt, you go from place to place and gather clues In this hunt, we will go from one place to another on the Internet and gather information! In this hunt, we will go from one place to another on the Internet and gather information!Internet


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