2Quiz Ch. 12Name the Five Pillars of Islam and describe them (2 pts per pillar) 1. S 2. S 3. Z 4. S 5. H Matching: 6. founder of Islam, originally a merchant a) Mecca 7. where Muhammad was born b) Qur’an 8. holy book of Islam c) Sunnah 9. record of Muhammad’s actions d) Muhammad
3Check Answers:1. Shahadah: declaration of faith 2. Salat: pray 5 times a day facing Mecca 3. Zakat: almsgiving to the poor 4. Sawm: fasting for a whole month (Ramadan) 5. Hajj: pilgrimage to Mecca Matching: 6. D 7. A 8. B 9. C
4Copy: Africa Notes: 1. What is a griot? 2. Who was Sundiata? 3. What happens during silent bartering?Why was this helpful/not helpful?4. What were some of the items traded?
5Three Kingdoms of Western Africa Ghana, Mali, SonghaiThree Kingdoms of Western Africa
6The nation was called Mali. Mali became a legendary empire- a place of power and great wealth!
7Regions Of West Africa The region farthest north is the Sahara Desert. South of the Sahara is a region called the Sahel. (this is much like a desert, but with more grasses)Below the Sahel is the savanna, a large grassland.South of the savanna is the rainforest region.
8The Sahara DesertSalt was mined in the deserts of the Sahara.
9A griot was a storyteller. What is a Griot?A griot was a storyteller.Most of Mali’s history was told as stories. Griots often told stories using music and dance.The instrument that a griot plays is called a KORA. He strums the strings like a guitar.
10I am a griot. I am a teller of stories, and a singer of songs. I am the keeper of memories and laws.I am the teacher of kings and children.I hold the whole story of my country in my head and in my heart. I want to share it with you!
11Funga Alafia Funga Alafia, Ashay Ashay (4x) -My thoughts welcome you -My words welcome you-My heart welcomes you-I have nothing hidden from you (up my sleeve)(Peace.)
12Stories about the Mansa A king was called a MANSA.The mansas became rich and powerful kings. They collected taxes from the citizens of their empire.Sundiata, better known as the “Lion King,” saved Mali and brought back peace. Under his rule, Mali became rich.Mansa Musa, another great king, helped Mali grow in size. He was known as, “the King of Africa.”
13This story:3 min.The Lion King and the story of Sundiata (see weebly for another link)
14Silent Bartering (Ghana) -Leave the trading item, beat the drum-2nd person comes and leaves an item to trade, beats the drum-1st person returns and looks if it’s a fair trade; leaves more items or takes the item, beats the drum and leaves-process repeats, leaving items, beating the drum, until an agreement is reached.tax to GhanaWhat did they trade?: kola nuts, salt, slaves, goldNEED: 2 volunteers, drum, Ghana King
15Extra Info:Check out the following slides for more info on Mali and Timbuktu!
16The Niger RiverThe Niger River runs through the Empire of Mali, and brings water for drinking.The Niger River also gave farmers plenty of good soil called, SILT, in which to grow their crops.
17Architecture in MaliBuildings were created from sun dried mud made from sand.
18Camels Camels were Mali’s treasures. They helped make Mali rich, because they carried the GRAND cargo.Camels preparing to make their slow, steady way across the Sahara loaded down with goods on their way to the great markets.Camels carrying Mali’s finest treasures.
19A camel caravanA caravan is a group of camels that travel together carrying goods.They were often traveling to trade centers.Camels were the trucks and trains of Mali often bringing goods from far away lands to trade. However, camels were well adapted for life in the desert. They have special eyes and feet, and they can drink lots of water at a time!
20A Mud ClothEach piece of mud cloth tells a story. No two pieces are alike and each pattern or color combination has a meaning. The symbols used, their color and shape, as well as the arrangement reveal the secrets of the story.
21More Mud Cloths Adding the symbols to the cloth. A completed “mud cloth”
22Salt Salt was mined in the Sahara. The slabs were loaded onto camels and sent to trading centers.
23Miners mining salt.These are slabs of salt ready to be exported by camels to a trading center.
26TimbuktuMali citizens on their way to the markets in Timbuktu to trade their goods.
27Trading in TimbuktuMalians trade their goods at the markets.
28ReligionThe people of Mali were “Muslims” and followed the ways of ISLAM, their religion. The worshipped at temples called “mosques.”
29MeccaMansa Musa, a famous king, took the Islam religion very seriously. One thing they wanted every Muslim to do was to journey to Mecca once in his or her lifetime. Mecca is a holy city in Saudi Arabia. The journey, called a hajj, was a trip that was more than 3,000 miles from Mali. Can you imagine riding a camel that far?