Presentation on theme: "Eugene RURANGWA International Gorilla Conservation Programme, Rwanda Washington DC, March 24-27, 2014 ATTRACTING RESPONSIBLE LAND-BASED."— Presentation transcript:
Eugene RURANGWA International Gorilla Conservation Programme, Rwanda Washington DC, March 24-27, 2014 ATTRACTING RESPONSIBLE LAND-BASED INVESTMENT FOR LOCAL BENEFITS AND COMMON RESOURCE MANAGEMENT: A PILOT PROJECT OF HABITAT MAXIMIZATION AND REVENUE SHARING AROUND VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK IN RWANDA
FACTS ABOUT VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK 1.The most renowned ecosystem in Africa with its rich biodiversity 2.Created in 1925 with initial 340 km 2 3.Have lost 180 km 2 from 1925 to Sanctuary of the well renowned mountain gorillas 5.Located in one of the most densely populated parts of Africa (between 400 and 1000 inhabitants per km 2 ) 6.First tourism destination and important economic asset for Rwanda amidst its small size (160 km 2 ) 7.Probably the most protected area in Africa
The satellite view of the Virunga Massif
Map of the Virunga-Bwindi Massif
CHALLENGES/THREATS FACING VOLCANOES NATIONAL PARK Poverty, high population density High population pressure on scarce resources Agricultural and livestock encroachment on the park Poaching Resource extraction (fire wood, bamboo) Large-scale habitat conversion Lack of income diversity (relying on Agriculture as main source of income) Inappropriate land use Land degradation, low soil fertility and productivity/food shortage Wild animal-human conflicts: crop raiding
Park Encroachment/ Grazing
Proposed Habitat Maximization/Park Extension Creation of a green zone area of 40 km 2 using individual farm land as Natural or physical capital asset. Encouraging and using small holder farmers as shareholders in a Community- Private and Public Partnership. Land consolidation using new buffer zone boundary as reference. Smallholder farmers who live in Cells adjacent to the Park and who have already got their land certificates.
New Proposed Buffer Zone Boundary
Initial sensitization of small holder farmers at Cells level
IGCP Mission : To conserve Mountain Gorillas and their habitat through partnering with key stakeholders while significantly contributing to sustainable livelihood development.
27 Cells to be selected
OBJECTIVE OF THE PROPOSED PROJECT To maintain the integrity of the natural environment of the forest ecosystem while guaranteeing a sustainable system for livelihoods development and poverty alleviation for the local population.
STEPS TO BE FOLLOWED Surveying, delimitation and mapping of the area using ortho-photos ; Identification and selection of all smallholder farmers in Cells adjacent to the Park; Individual plot identification and land reassessment; land consolidation and mapping; Identification and selection of private investor's partner;
STEPS ( Cntd) Preparation of a business plan; Preparation of the joint venture arrangements; Preparation of contracts/agreements between Rwanda Development Board, the Private Investor and Community Land Owners; Starting the project implementation.
Ortho-photo map of the Area
EXPECTED RESULTS Increased revenue and revenue sharing from the Mountain Gorillas tourism, The poverty of smallholders around the Park alleviated The pressure and encroachment on the Park reduced Land use around the Park optimized Increased alternative source of income The resilience to climate change enhanced
CONCLUSION - A unique land-based investment model for small holder farmers benefits that contributes to avoid land grabbing, - It maximizes gains and minimizes the risks associated with large-scale land acquisitions. - It allows to ensure that the expected equitable economic growth occurs while community livelihoods are protected and enhanced and environmental negative impacts minimized. - Fits well in the recommendations on investments of the FAOs Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land and other Natural Resources in the Context of National Food Security,
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