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Universal Precautions / OSHA.

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Presentation on theme: "Universal Precautions / OSHA."— Presentation transcript:

1 Universal Precautions / OSHA

2 Learning Objectives Participants will: Learn about Blood Pathogens
Learn about the OSHA Exposure Control Plan Learn how and when to use Personal Protective Equipment Learn procedures for obtaining Hepatitis B vaccine


4 OSHA Regulations KenCrest has adopted procedures, known as “Universal Precautions”, to protect all staff and clients from exposure to diseases which are spread by contact with human blood or other potentially infectious material. In accordance with the OSHA Bloodborne Pathogens Standard 29 CFR , KenCrest has an Exposure Control Plan in place in the event of an exposure to blood borne pathogens. The Exposure Control plan can be viewed in it’s entirety at each of the site offices. Essential components of the plan will be reviewed in this training module.

5 Universal Precautions
Universal precautions means that blood and certain body fluids of all persons are thought of as possibly infected and that precautions are taken “universally” in all potential exposure situations, whether or not the persons involved are known to be infected. These procedures are written in accordance with guidelines established by the Centers for Disease Control (CDC) and the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) and apply to all personnel.

6 How Are Germs Transmitted? Five Modes:
Airborne (Legionnaires Disease) Droplets (Cold, Flu, TB) Blood And Bodily Fluids (Std’s, HBV, HIV) Skin To Skin (Pink Eye, Ringworm) Fecal/Oral (Hepatitis A, Food Poisoning)

7 What Are Categories Of Germs?
Bacteria (Strep, Staph, Ecoli) Fungus (Ringworm, Thrush, Yeast, Mold) Viruses (Common Cold, HBV, HIV) Parasites (Malaria, Fleas, Ticks, Lice)

8 What are links in the chain of infection?
Infectious agent – germs/microbe that causes disease Reservoir – carrier or host Portal of exit – the germ/microbe leaves the carrier or host Mode of transmission – means of traveling (i.e. on our hands) Portal of entry – (i.e. passed by hands) Susceptible host – person with low resistance

9 What are Bloodborne Pathogens ?
There are three bloodborne pathogens that may pose a risk. Hepatitis B Hepatitis C HIV

10 Hepatitis B Virus The hepatitis B virus, or HBV, can cause inflammation of the liver. Approximately 10 percent of those infected develop chronic infections which can lead to chronic liver disease, cancer or death. More than 5,000 people die annually from HBV-related chronic liver disease. Symptoms may include jaundice, fatigue, abdominal pain, loss of appetite, and occasional nausea or vomiting. Half of those infected show no symptoms. Hepatitis B is the most easily transmitted blood borne pathogen, and the only way to confirm it is by blood test. Fortunately, there is an effective vaccine.

11 Hepatitis C Virus Hepatitis C virus, or HCV, also causes viral liver infection with symptoms similar to HBV. Every year, approximately 10,000 people die from HCV-related chronic liver disease – twice the number from hepatitis B. There are some important differences between the two pathogens, however: Nearly 85 percent are chronically infected Three quarters of those infected show no symptoms While there is no vaccine for HCV, there are anti-viral drugs that are effective for some who have already contracted the disease.

12 Human Immunodeficiency Virus
Human Immunodeficiency Virus, or HIV, attacks the immune system, eventually destroying the body’s ability to fight infection. Approximately 800,000 to 900,00 people in the United States are HIV-positive. Many of them appear healthy, and lead normal lives for years. HIV can eventually lead to AIDS, but the number of new cases is falling because of improved treatments. There is no vaccine for HIV and no cure for AIDS. *

13 Body Fluids which REQUIRE Universal Precautions:
Blood Any body fluid containing visible blood Wound secretions Vaginal secretions and semen

14 Body Fluids which DO NOT require Universal Pre-Cautions
Urine Feces or stool (with no visible blood) Saliva (with no visible blood) Sputum/mucous (with no visible blood) Vomits (with no visible blood) Sweat Tears

15 Potential Infections Some of these body fluids and excretions present a potential source for other types of infections, not carried by blood, and the use of good hand washing is warranted; however protective equipment would not be required, and contact would NOT be reviewed as an exposure incident.

16 Procedure Related to Direct Care
Personal Protective equipment (PPE) is used anytime exposure to blood or potentially infected body fluids is anticipated. The type of protective barrier used must be appropriate for the individual situation.

17 Exam Gloves Exam gloves made of disposable latex or vinyl, will be worn routinely by staff when performing tasks which involve handling blood or body fluids. Gloves must be removed or discarded after each use, taking care to “peel them down” by turning them inside out to prevent contact with the contaminated outer surface. Hands must be washed after removal of gloves

18 Personal Protective Equipment
Masks or Face Shields – worn when splashes or droplets of potentially infectious materials pose a hazard through mucous membranes of eyes, mouth, or nose. Gowns - disposable gowns or aprons may be worn to protect clothing from becoming soiled on occasions when any splattering of blood or bloody fluids is possible.

19 Open Wounds or Cuts Any open cuts, scratches or sores must be kept covered. (unless otherwise specified by a doctor) and protected from any others coming in contact with the open area Staff persons with cuts or skin irritations on their hands are to keep open areas covered and wear protected gloves when coming in contact with any body fluids

20 Hand washing Is the single most effective means of preventing the transmission of disease and should be done: At the start of the day and when soiled Before contact with food After using toilet facilities personally or assisting some one with toileting After contact with anything that has been soiled with blood, urine, feces, mucous or vomit (even if gloves were worn during exposure) After handling or feeding pets After work or playing outdoors

21 Hand Washing Procedure
Best to use liquid soap Rub hands together vigorously under running water Use towel to turn off faucet instead of using your clean hands Use moisturizing lotion to prevent dryness, cuts or cracks on skin surface

22 Management of Exposure Incidents
An exposure incident involves blood or other potentially infected material coming in physical contact with another person through a cut, puncture, or other non-intact skin, or by means of a splash to the eyes, mouth, or other mucous membrane After exposure incident, immediately wash hands and other skin surfaces that become contaminated with blood or other potentially infected body fluids. Mucous membrane or eye areas must be flushed repeatedly with clear water after an exposure. Allowing puncture wounds (such as bites or needle sticks) to bleed for a short period of time prior to washing helps to clean the wound out from the inside.

23 Management of Exposure Incidents
Any exposure incident must be reported to a supervisor, and an incident report must be filed right away, prior to the end of the shift. Any employees who incur an exposure incident will be offered post exposure evaluations and follow-up in accordance with OSHA standard. Circumstances surrounding the exposure incident must be evaluated to try and find ways to prevent a similar situation from occurring again.

24 What to do if an Exposure Incident occurs…
Cleanse the area of exposure with warm, soapy water. If the incident involves the eyes, flush them with warm water for 10 minutes. Report the incident to your supervisor. Complete the necessary paperwork regarding the exposure incident.

25 Hepatitis B Vaccine All employees who have been identified as having exposure to blood or other potentially infectious materials will be offered the Hepatitis B vaccine at not cost to the employee The vaccine will be offered within 10 workings days of their initial assignment to work Some employees may have had the vaccine and wish to submit to antibody testing which shows the employee to have sufficient immunity Employees who initially decline the Hepatitis B vaccine will sign a waiver Employees can decline the Hepatitis B vaccine can opt to have the vaccine later

26 To Complete This Training, Employees Must . . .
Meet with your immediate supervisor to . . . Learn where the exposure control plan is kept at your site Learn where all PPE equipment is kept at your worksite Review the PPE equipment to have on hand during home visits. Discuss any concerns you may have regarding universal precautions. Review whether or not you will receive the Hepatitis B Vaccine. Click the links below to download the following handouts: OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Checklist OSHA Bloodborne Pathogen Training Sign Off Sheet

27 Completion Documentation Instructions
Please click here to download the completion documents for this training module; the instructions are as follows: Download and print the file. Complete the OSHA Quiz and return to your program coordinator. Fill in the Sign In Sheet and return to your program coordinator for signature. Add your name to the Certificate of Completion and ask your program coordinator to sign, verifying your completion of the training module. Keep the original certificate for your records for tracking of your annual 24 hours of mandated training. Thank you for completing this online training module.

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