Presentation on theme: "S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Salerno, Italy Vincenzo Marano Dept. of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Italy,"— Presentation transcript:
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Salerno, Italy Vincenzo Marano Dept. of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Italy, Gianfranco Rizzo Dept. of Industrial Engineering, University of Salerno, Italy, Giancarlo Savino Energy Manager, City of Salerno, Italy, Guangzhou Award for Urban Innovation, November 2012 S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Vincenzo De Luca Mayor of Salerno
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Salerno 2 Salerno is a city of about inhabitants, in South Italy. Salerno is located in a very attractive area, including many natural, archeological and cultural heritages.
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Salerno: history and economy Salerno hosted one thousand years ago the most ancient medical school in Europe. The city had a strong textile industry since 800s, and has now a large food industry and a very active seaport.
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Great architecture and culture Salerno is one of the most important cities in Europe for great contemporary architecture, with many operas designed by internationally recognized architects. The city has a very active nightlife, many jazz musicians, and one of the best lyrical programming in Italy.
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Salerno: between global challenges… Growing dryness, floods and hurricanes due to global warming Fossil fuel depletion and oil price growth and instabilities
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w …local challenges, Region with the highest density of population in Italy Campania region has a high level of unemployment for young people Serious problems for waste disposal in Naples (only 50 km from Salerno) Italy is facing a serious economic crisis, with a high level of national debt. Italy: Debt-to-GDP ratio
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w …and opportunities for change The University of Salerno ( students and ten faculties) is one of the most important in Italy, with a large and modern Campus. Salerno joined in 2010 the Covenant of Mayors, the European movement involving local and regional authorities, aiming to meet and exceed the European Union 20% CO 2 reduction by 2020 by an advanced Sustainable Energy Action Plan Campania region has the highest birth rate in Italy, with many young people and students.
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w The solutions: City Energy Plan A City Energy Plan has been developed, with many experts from university, awarded as the most advanced in Italy. Photovoltaic plant 24 MWp 70% rubbish and recycle Composting plant CO 2 (t/year) Kit for solar-hybridization of cars (20% less fuel consumption) Energy and emission inventory t/year
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Sustainable Energy Action Plan: the actions ActionAmountUnitCost [M] CO2 % reduction Thermal solar with seasonal storage2.000m21,80,11 PV on municipal building80kWp0,0960,01 PV on schools and offices5.000kWp60,51 Public lighting optimization (flow regulators)22.500N. of lamps2,40,19 Cogeneration for swimming pool145kWe0,2180,03 LED for traffic lights800N. of lamps0,1420,01 Vertical wind turbines in the streets400N. of turbines40,03 Energy recovery from waterworks2.200MWh/year0,490,18 Electric cars with PV recharge50Veicolo+FV2,3640,12 Electric buses with PV recharge30Veicolo+FV21,6580,99 Public building energy optimization9.734MWh/year8,6930,46 PV Monti di Eboli24.000kWp02,44 Cogeneration with biomass2.162kWe11,1462,87 Insulating windows3.401mq1,022,53 PV Gazebo4.320kWp5,1840,44 Green roofs mq13,8432,45 Subway25% trafic red.01,86 Differentiating waste and composting plant44.000t/year RD03,12 Car Pooling and traffic reduction15% trafic red.01,61 Wind plant Monti di Eboli20.000kW182,39 97,05322,34 Base CO 2 : t/year
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Difficulties, obstacles and solutions Burocracy and political issues, due to different parties involved in local, regional and national government. Difficulties to have credit from banks The problems require a strong multidisciplinary approach Cooperation of different specialists and experts from University Privileged access to EU funds after approval of Sustainable Energy Action Plan Information and activation of a front office for burocracy simplification
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w What could be replicated? DISPLAY Campaign: monitoring energy and water consumption in the schools 11 Use of mathematical programming to set the priorities among different actions CYBER (Communicate Your Building Energy Rating) Car Sharing Car Pooling Energy from municipal waterworks
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w Solidarity Purchasing Groups Organization of Solidarity Purchasing Groups to pool orders and stimulate private investments Photovoltaic gazebo on building roofs Insulating frames for windows Green roofs to reduce heat losses, improve water retention, absorb CO2 and particulate. Electric bikes LED lamps
S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w We do not inherit the Earth from our ancestors. We borrow it from our children. Thank you S ust A inab L e E ne R gy NO w