Presentation on theme: "Regulatory update: a major step towards enabling mobile broadband Alexander Gulyaev, ECO Mobile Broadband."— Presentation transcript:
Regulatory update: a major step towards enabling mobile broadband Alexander Gulyaev, ECO Mobile Broadband World 2012, London, 26 September 2012
Outline European regulatory landscape Is it getting too tight in the current mobile bands? 3.5 GHz – a future home for mobile broadband Whats ahead?
European regulatory framework for radio spectrum and equipment Read more at eccetsirel/
Roles of the three European regulatory organizations European Commission: Single market issues Binding regulations based on the technical expertise of CEPT/ECC and harmonised standards of ETSI (27 Member States) CEPT/ECC: Consensus and voluntary character Spectrum designation to systems/applicatoins and technical conditions for its use (48 member countries) ETSI: European Harmonised standards (EN) for radio equipment System Reference Documents (SRDoc) which inform and trigger much of the CEPT/ECC work (over 700 industry members and European naitonal regulators)
CEPT/ECC: Strategic Plan Priority topics: Digital dividend Cognitive radio Public Protection and Disaster Relief (PPDR) Innovation above 40 MHz Numbering and naming Improve its own working processes
EC: Radio Spectrum Policy Programme (RSPP) Mobile broadband (1200 MHz) Spectrum Inventory Public protection and disaster relief (internal market) Electricity production and distribution (Green...) Wireless microphones and cameras Foster different modes of spectrum sharing Spectrum Trading (where flexible use available)
Hard facts – the growth of mobile broadband Jul 2009Nov 2010 Feb 2008 Source: ECC PT1 Report on mobile broadband, September 2011 (www.cept.org/ecc/eccpt1)
European harmonised mobile bands 800 MHz - Digital Dividend up to MHz 900MHz - GSM/UMTS/LTE MHz 1800MHz - GSM/UMTS/LTE 150 MHz 2 GHz - UMTS/LTE 160 MHz 2.6 GHz - LTE 190 MHz GHz - BWA (fixed/mobile)400 MHz RSPP: find 1200 MHz bandwidth
New services – new spectrum priorities While discussions around the new mobile spectrum in the UHF-band (1 st and 2 nd Digital dividends) remain very politicized considering the social importance of low frequency ranges, these bands lack the capacity to meet demand for delivering mobile broadband applications to the mass market New, really high-speed mobile services, such as enhanced Internet browsing, video streaming and video calls, require significantly greater channel bandwidths than 5 MHz (for example, 10, 20 and 40 MHz) and thus much more contiguous spectrum to accommodate the demand! (these requirements are technically justified in ITU-R Report M.2134)
Where will the spectrum come from for mobile broadband? A unique opportunity : contiguous 2x200 MHz of radio spectrum at 3.5 GHz WRC-07 identified the GHz band for IMT ECC also addresses the GHz band for IMT ITU-R: 6 IMT-2000 radio interfaces and 2 IMT-Advanced radio interfaces ensuring a competitive environment ECC: even more neutral regulatory framework for MFCN: Mobile/Fixed Communications Networks (including IMT)
ECO Report 03: actual national authorisations in the 3.5 GHz and in other mobile bands CountryNumber of operators MHz MHz Technology in use Licence duration, tradability Estonia 6XXWiMAX 2012 Germany Several regional, 3 national XX WiMAX (FDD/TDD) 2021 Ireland Several regional, 1 national XX FDD/TDD WiMAX/LTE 2017 Italy 9X BWA (FDD/TDD) 2023 Local coverage Latvia 7XXBWA (fixed) Earliest: 2014 Latest: 2025 Macedonia 1X Fixed WiMAX TDD 2017, tradable Norway 6X FDD 2022, tradable (national/regional) Spain 4X LMDS April 2020 tradable (national) Sweden Several regional, 3 national XX Fixed radio systems, FDD/TDD Earliest: 201. Latest: 2023, tradable Switzerland 1X TDD in paried frequency arrangement 2015 non-tradable Portugal 2XX fixed, nomadic, mobile 2025 Regional UK 1XX- 2018/no expiry date National ECO Report 03 on licensing of mobile bands in CEPT contains detailed information on national authorisations issued in CEPT countries in all mobile bands, from first hands! Is the 3.5 GHz really a greenfield ? Largely YES! Its a greenfield for mobile broadband
3.5 GHz Regulatory Framework: YESTERDAY and TODAY ECC Recommendation (04)05 on guidelines for accommodation and assignment of Multipoint Fixed Wireless systems in frequency bands MHz and MHz ECC Decision (07)02 on the availability of frequency bands between MHz for the harmonised implementation of Broadband Wireless Access (BWA) systems CEPT Report 15 on Least Restrictive Technical Conditions (LRTC) based on the Block Edge Mask concept for the 3.5 GHz band EC Decision 2008/411/EC (binding for EU Member States)2008/411/EC
The Block Edge Mask (BEM) concept Block Edge Mask (in the licence): o Technology neutral o Applies to the entire operators spectrum block o Covers both in-block and out-of-block emissions o Different BEMs apply to terminals and base stations (may also vary between the bands and TDD and FDD modes) o Forms a part of authorisation for spectrum use Spectrum Emission Mask (in the standard): o Technology specific (transmitter, channelling) o Ensure intra-system compatibility o Forms a part of equipment conformity assessment Footer copy here Own Licence Neighbour Licence Frequency In-band Power Limit BEM Block
BEM vs. SEM Flexibility is given to operators in how to comply with BEM Footer copy here
3.5 GHz Regulatory Framework: TODAY (1) ECC Decision (11)06 on harmonised frequency arrangements for mobile/fixed communications networks (MFCN) in the bands MHz and MHz ECC survey: MHz is more intensively used by FSS (space- Earth) than MHz separate frequency arrangements Block size: 5 MHz (blocks can be combined within one channel) The position for the MHz band will be reviewed by end of 2013 in order to define the preferred (either TDD or FDD) arrangement TDD mode would allow more efficient protection of FSS applications TDD networks should be synchronized to avoid restricted blocks and large guard bands Coordination of TDD networks should be managed at a national level
3.5 GHz Regulatory Framework: TODAY (2) Fig.1 Harmonised TDD frequency arrangement for the MHz Fig. 2 Harmonised FDD frequency arrangement for the MHz Fig. 3 Harmonised TDD frequency arrangement of the MHz
3.5 GHz Regulatory Framework: now time to review the BEM The existing Block Edge Masks for the 3.5 GHz were technically justified when there was no harmonized frequency arrangement and maximum flexibility was needed (e.g. for BWA deployments). When harmonized frequency arrangements are adopted, there is no need for the unnecessarily tight BEM. Therefore ECC decided, as a further step, to adjust those BEMs to the foreseen in the newly approved ECC Decision (11)06 future high data rate applications (including IMT), with larger channel bandwidths, in order to facilitate the development of affordable equipment, maximize the spectrum efficiency (e.g. by reduced guard bands) and thus maximize the usable amount of spectrum.
3.5 GHz Regulatory Framework: TOMORROW Draft CEPT Report on the 3.5 GHz in response to the second EC Mandate (channelling arrangements + BEM): the Final Report will be submitted to the European Commission in November 2013 Draft ECC Report on Block Edge Masks in the 3.5 GHz: a methodology agreed for the derivation of BEM Draft ECC Report on Practical guidance for TDD network synchronization: the work will be limited to the TDD vs. TDD synchronised scenario (alternatively expensive additional filtering, site coordination or restricted blocks/guard-bands may be needed. The work is being carried out in ECC PT1, the CEPT/ECC expert group on MFCN (including IMT)
Transition from the existing to the new regulatory framework at 3.5 GHz The new regulatory framework for the 3.5 GHz (i.e. harmonised frequency arrangements and new, less tight BEM) is expected to be progressively implemented in CEPT countries BWA systems based on 7 MHz channels have been deployed in some CEPT countries => the regulators need flexibility to adapt the current use of these bands to national circumstances Regulatory measures may include: o refarming of the band (i.e. change of use) o renewal or extension of authorisations o withdrawal of authorisations where no system has been deployed o coordination between MFCN/BWA and FSS (where necessary)
Coordination between MFCN/BWA and FSS There are currently 170 fixed satellite earth stations authorized within the EU Member States (deployed on 78 sites). For MFCN and FSS coordination, similar principles can be used as for BWA and FSS: BWA central stations are coordinated with the FSS earth stations. This implies that all the (fixed) terminal stations, operating under the control of central stations are consequently coordinated under the umbrella of the central stations (this typically requires to slightly extend the coordination distances).
Participating in ECC work: how to join
Coming update of the EC regulatory framework for the 3.5 GHz band When the remaining ECC work for the MHz is finalised, yet another strand of work would be needed to align the current binding for EU Member States Commission Decision 2008/411/EC with the new technical conditions developed within ECC.2008/411/EC But all these regualtory efforts appear to be absolutely necessary to ensure future common Europen market of high-speed mobile applications affordable to end users.
Regulatory certainty at 3.5 GHz: what will it give us? reduce the development and implementation costs of manufacturing equipment; secure long term investments by providing economies of scale; maximise the opportunities and benefits for end users; and reduce the complexity in the spectrum cross border coordination
Whats ahead? WRC-15 has on its agenda new frequency bands for IMT (AI 1.1) and CEPT is the regulatory body for preparing the European position on this agenda item The MHz is proposed as one of the candidate new frequency bands for IMT and will be further studied within CEPT