2 Our aim during badminton… Is to improve our performance by developing our understanding of skills and techniques:Decide exactly what a skill and technique areInvestigate how to gather data on themBreak them downLook as the stages we go through when learning skillsDifferent methods of practice that help us develop / learn skillsThe principles of effective practiceImportance of feedback, concentration and motivation in learning skills.
3 New Seating Partner First task… From the information on the card work out who you should now sit beside…..
4 How did we know who to sit beside Skill?Technique?Jump shot….Technique??Shooting….Skill???Serve….Skill??High Serve….Technique??
5 Pair up a skill with a technique HighPassServeLowChestShootingJump Shot
6 How are we different from our partner What’sa Skill…?What’s a Technique…?Technique…How am I different from a skill…Skill…How am I different from a technique…
7 What are skills and techniques… A skill is a series of linked movements performed for a purpose.Skill describes the purpose of linked sequences of movement.TechniqueA technique is a way of executing a skill.A technique describes the way a skill is performed.7
8 Skills can be a number of things COMPLEXSIMPLESKILLOPENCONTINUOUSSKILLDISCRETESKILLSERIALCLOSE
9 Skill Classification Complex Simple Simple or Complex Skills exist on a continuum between SIMPLE and COMPLEX:Those which require little decision-making and only basic movements are simple; those which require more thought and decision-making are complex.A number of factors determine whether a skill is simple or complex. These include:The amount of information to be processedThe number of decisions to be madeThe speed at which information processing and decision-making has to occurThe accuracy involvedThe amount and type of feedback which is availableComplexSimple
10 Watch the following skills and decide whether you think they are simple or complex... 10
11 In Summary… Easy Skill Complex Skills Few subroutines Many subroutines Physically undemandingPhysically demandingLittle coordination neededCoordination vitalSimple order of movementsComplicated order of movementsFew movement at one timeMany movements at the same timeFew judgements to be madeMany judgements to be madeEasy environment (e.g. good weather conditions, no opposition, safety equipment)Difficult environment (e.g. poor weather conditions, full opposition, no safety equipment)11
12 Skill Classification Open Closed Closed or Open Skills exist on a continuum between CLOSED and OPEN:Those which are unpredictable are open. Those which you are in charge of carrying out are closedFor example in rugby no two tackles are ever the same. They will differ depending on the size, speed and movement direction of your opponent. For example a player goes to make a tackle on his opposite number but his tackle is controlled almost 100% by whether his opponent tries to pass him on the left or right or attempts to run straight over him.A forward roll in gymnastics is closed. In a forward roll you follow and control a simple set of movements in order to carry out the technique. There are few distractions or other factors to consider when executing your performance.OpenClosed
16 Analysis of Identified Weakness Skills and TechniquesCycle of AnalysisReassessPerformanceAnalysis of Identified WeaknessAnalysisOfOverall PerformanceContinue to Develop Identified WeaknessProgress CheckPlan long & short term targetsDevelop Identified weakness
17 Stage One (General Data Collection) How did we do this?AnalysisOfOverall Performance
18 Stage One (General Data Collection) Observed video of model performer to develop our knowledge and understanding of effective performance.Compared my court movement during competitive games to that of a model performer.Assessed the variety and effectiveness of my strokes in a competitive game.AnalysisOfOverall Performance
20 HOW assessed court movement WHY appropriateCompared my court movement to that of model performer.By comparing performance to that of model performer I can clearly identify my strengths and weaknesses. Get accurate picture of my development needs.Provides permanent written feedback. Used to retest. Assess how perform in game situation. Specifically assesses court movement.Assessed during three competitive games, against opponents of similar abilityAccurate, reliable data, true picture of ability, not a one off performance, game isn’t to easy or challenging, will be motivated.Video recordedVideo allowed accurate completion of observation schedule. Badminton is fast paced with video can pause and rewind. Don’t miss anything. Get a true reflection of performance.Stroke Effectiveness Observation Schedule(Give performance examples of what observation schedule assessed)Provided permanent written feedback. Used to retest. Assess how perform in game situation. Specifically assesses effectiveness of my strokes.Clearly identify my strengths and weaknesses. Get accurate picture of my development needs.
21 Stage Two (Specific Data Collection) How did we do this?Analysis of Identified WeaknessAnalysisOfOverall Performance
22 Analysis of Identified Weakness Stage Two (Specific Data Collection)Assessed the accuracy of overhead clear in closed environment using hoop test.Assessed placement of overhead clear during competitive game (open environment) using scatter diagram.Observed video of model performer to develop knowledge and understanding of the subroutines involved. Broke overhead clear down into preparation, action, recovery. Created movement analysis observation scheduleCompared my overhead clear to that of a model performer using movement analysis observation schedule.Analysis of Identified WeaknessAnalysisOfOverall Performance
23 SQA 2006 Question 5(a) Choose an activity and a skill or technique. Explain the benefits of considering a model/skilled performance when learning or developing this skill or technique.(4)
24 This is not an answer to the past paper question Model performers and the improving of performanceAs you attempt to learn a new activity or improve your performance, model performers can help you improve your knowledge and understanding of what it means to perform effectively. The idea is that, by seeing someone else perform to a high standard, you will get a clear picture of what it is you are striving to do.It may be that a fellow pupil is able to play to a high standard providing you with ideas about how you can improve your performance. Able performers may need to watch a top level performer to get an idea of how to be a more effective player.Model performers and the performance of difficult skills and techniquesIn badminton, some skills and techniques are difficult to carry out effectively, for example, a backhand clear. Watching a top level performer playing the shot, possibly from a slow-motion video, can assist you in learning how to perform the skill effectively.Model performers to motivate you to improveObserving top level performers can make performance look exciting and motivate you to improve your own performance. When observing performers of a higher standard you can see a wide range of skills in action, motivating you to work towards performing at their level.
25 This is not an answer to the past paper question Model performers to motivate you to improveObserving top level performers can make performance look exciting and motivate you to improve your own performance. When observing performers of a higher standard you can see a wide range of skills in action, motivating you to work towards performing at their level.Model performer movement analysis / observation scheduleIt is not always necessary to observe a model performance to improve your knowledge and understanding of what it means to perform a skill effectively. You can use an observation schedule which breaks a skill down, into its three phases of action (1. Preparation. 2. Action. 3. Recovery), and explains in words the small movements (subroutines) that make up the skill. By breaking the skill down you are able to learn and understand the small movements that make up the actual skill. You can also use the observation schedule to make comparisons between your performance and that of the model performer. Helping you identify your strengths and weaknesses.
26 Homework Due Wednesday 17th November Question 1: Question 2: Explain the benefits of considering a model / skilled performance when learning or developing this skill or technique.Question 2:Conclude answer on data gathering