Presentation on theme: "Skills and Techniques Breaking Down a Skill.. Introduction A skill tells you the purpose of the movement, E.g. passing. A technique is the way of performing."— Presentation transcript:
Skills and Techniques Breaking Down a Skill.
Introduction A skill tells you the purpose of the movement, E.g. passing. A technique is the way of performing a skill, E.g. push pass, hit or reverse pass. The technique tells you how a pass was made. In your jotter write down a skill from the following activities and three different techniques. Explain why you would use each different technique.
Techniques The technique is the way in which the skill is performed eg. Basketball– Passing (Chest pass, Bounce pass) Shooting (Lay up shot, Set shot, Jump shot)
Cont. The technique is often selected because of the situation the player finds themselves in. For example, if there is space at the side of the basket it is possible to use a lay up shot, but if the player is having to shoot from further back a set shot might be used.
Internal/External Feedback Feedback is information you receive on your performance. There are 2 main types of feedback INTERNAL and EXTERNAL. Internal feedback is sometimes called kinaesthetic. The feedback comes from within the performer, this type lets the performer feel the movements. In your jotter chose an activity and a skill/technique where you received internal feedback. How did the feedback effect the rest of the performance. External feedback is feedback given from another. There are 3 main types: WrittenVerbal Visual In your jotter describe 3 occasions where you have received the above feedback.
Feedback + Demonstrations Feedback can be useful when learning new skills/techniques. Feedback should be given directly after the performer completes the skill/technique. In your jotter explain why. When giving feedback it is important that the right amount is given to the performer. Too much feedback is as unhelpful as too little. In your jotter explain why. Demonstrations can be given by the teacher, class mate or a video. They allow you to see the skill before you attempt it.
Automatic Skills Golf players will practise the same shot many times trying to make the shot automatic. Once a skill is automatic the benefits are that: The performer does not need to think about what needs to be done to execute the skill. The success rate will be high. The performer can concentrate on other things. E.g. the next move. In your jotter write down 2 problems which a performer might face when practising a skill for too long. In your jotter write down 2 ways which this can be avoided.
Breaking Down Skills A performance of a skill can be broken down into 3 parts. Preparation, Action and Recovery. E.g, Preparation – Toss the ball into the air, and pull the racket back. Action – Lift up and throw the face of the racket to make contact with the ball. (Throwing action) Recovery - Follow through in the direction you wish the ball to travel In your jotter select 4 different activities and a skill/technique from each. Describe in detail the preparation, action and recovery for each one.
Movement Analysis One effective approach for breaking down a skill or technique is through analysing your: P reparation is the first part of the movement A ction is the middle part of the movement R ecovery is the end of the movement You would use an observation schedule to achieve this
Movement Analysis Benefits of Using an Observation Schedule i. Identifies Strengths & Weaknesses of a skill ii. Pinpoints specifically where weakness lies iii. Practice programme can be designed from the information received iv. You can use an observation schedule at the beginning and end of a training block to see if your technique has improved
Badminton – Overhead Clear Preparation-The player moves towards the back of the court pointing his free hand to the shuttle. The racquet is taken back high behind the head. Action-The racquet is swung forward to contact the shuttle above the head. Recovery-The racquet follows through in the direction of the shuttle and the player moves back to the ready position in the centre of the court.
Homework!! In your jotter you will choose a skill or technique you wish to improve (1) You will describe how you found this was a shot you needed to improve. (2) You will then describe how you went about improving this shot. (3)