2 IntroductionA skill tells you the purpose of the movement, E.g. “passing”.A technique is the way of performing a skill, E.g. push pass, hit orreverse pass. The technique tells you “how” a pass was made.In your jotter write down a skill from the following activities andthree different techniques. Explain why you would use each differenttechnique.Question Book Page 23, Q55, Q56. Page 24, Q7Past Papers Foundation – Q13, Q28. General – Q8. Credit Q35
3 TechniquesThe technique is the way in which the skill is performed eg.Basketball–Passing (Chest pass, Bounce pass)Shooting (Lay up shot, Set shot, Jump shot)
4 Cont.The technique is often selected because of the situation the player finds themselves in.For example, if there is space at the side of the basket it is possible to use a lay up shot, but if the player is having to shoot from further back a set shot might be used.
5 Internal/External Feedback Feedback is information you receive on your performance. There are 2 main typesof feedback INTERNAL and EXTERNAL.Internal feedback is sometimes called “kinaesthetic”. The feedback comesfrom within the performer, this type lets the performer “feel” the movements.In your jotter chose an activity and a skill/technique where you received internalfeedback. How did the feedback effect the rest of the performance.External feedback is feedback given from another. There are 3 main types:Question Book Page 27, Q69. Page 28, Q70VisualVerbalWrittenIn your jotter describe 3 occasions where you have received the above feedback.
6 Feedback + Demonstrations Feedback can be useful when learning new skills/techniques. Feedback should begiven directly after the performer completes the skill/technique.In your jotter explain why.When giving feedback it is important that the right amount is given to the performer. Too much feedback is as unhelpful as too little.Question Book Page 27, Q67, Q68Past Papers Foundation – Q19. General – Q16. Credit – Q7, Q16, Q17In your jotter explain why.Demonstrations can be given by the teacher, class mate or a video. They allow youto see the skill before you attempt it.
7 Automatic SkillsGolf players will practise the same shot many times trying tomake the shot automatic.Once a skill is automatic the benefits are that:The performer does not need to think about what needs to bedone to execute the skill.The success rate will be high.The performer can concentrate on other things. E.g. the nextmove.Question Book Page 28, Q71, Q72, Q73, Q74Past Papers Foundation – Q25. Credit Q3, Q4, Q26, Q44, Q45In your jotter write down 2 problems which a performer might face when practisinga skill for too long.In your jotter write down 2 ways which this can be avoided.
9 Breaking Down SkillsA performance of a skill can be broken down into 3 parts. Preparation, Actionand Recovery. E.g,Preparation – Toss the ball into the air, and pull the racketback.Action – Lift up and throw the face of the racket tomake contact with the ball. (Throwingaction)Question Book Page 25, Q59, Q60, Q61. Page 26, Q62. Page 27, Q66Recovery - Follow through in the direction you wish theball to travelIn your jotter select 4 different activities and a skill/technique from each. Describein detail the preparation, action and recovery for each one.
10 Movement AnalysisOne effective approach for breaking down a skill or technique is through analysing your:Preparation is the first part of the movementAction is the middle part of the movementRecovery is the end of the movementYou would use an observation schedule to achieve this
11 Movement Analysis Benefits of Using an Observation Schedule Identifies Strengths & Weaknesses of a skillPinpoints specifically where weakness liesPractice programme can be designed from the information receivedYou can use an observation schedule at the beginning and end of a training block to see if your technique has improved
12 Badminton – Overhead Clear Preparation-The player moves towards the back of the court pointing his free hand to the shuttle. The racquet is taken back high behind the head.Action-The racquet is swung forward to contact the shuttle above the head.Recovery-The racquet follows through in the direction of the shuttle and the player moves back to the ready position in the centre of the court.
13 Homework!!In your jotter you will choose a skill or technique you wish to improve (1)You will describe how you found this was a shot you needed to improve. (2)You will then describe how you went about improving this shot. (3)