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1 Chapter 5 Chemical Quantities and Reactions 5.5 Types of Reactions.

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Presentation on theme: "1 Chapter 5 Chemical Quantities and Reactions 5.5 Types of Reactions."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 Chapter 5 Chemical Quantities and Reactions 5.5 Types of Reactions

2 Homework due for Wed 2 6 2013 Red problems in blue box at end of section 5.5, classifying reactions 2

3 3 Type of Reactions Chemical reactions can be classified as combination reactions. decomposition reactions. single replacement reactions. double replacement reactions.

4 4 Combination In a combination reaction, two or more elements form one product. or simple compounds combine to form one product. + 2Mg(s) + O 2 (g) 2MgO(s) 2Na(s) + Cl 2 (g)2NaCl(s) SO 3 (g) + H 2 O(l)H 2 SO 4 (aq) AB AB

5 5 Formation of MgO Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.

6 6 Decomposition In a decomposition reaction, one substance splits into two or more simpler substances. 2HgO(s) 2Hg(l) + O 2 (g) 2KClO 3 (s) 2KCl(s) + 3 O 2 (g)

7 7 Decomposition of HgO Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.

8 8 Learning Check Classify the following reactions as 1) combination or 2) decomposition. ___A. H 2 (g) + Br 2 (g) 2HBr(l) ___B. Al 2 (CO 3 ) 3 (s) Al 2 O 3 (s) + 3CO 2 (g) ___C. 4Al(s) + 3C(s) Al 4 C 3 (s)

9 9 Solution Classify the following reactions as 1) combination or 2) decomposition. 1 A. H 2 (g) + Br 2 (g) 2HBr(l) 2 B. Al 2 (CO 3 ) 3 (s) Al 2 O 3 (s) + 3CO 2 (g) 1 C. 4Al(s) + 3C(s) Al 4 C 3 (s)

10 10 Single Replacement In a single replacement reaction, one element takes the place of a different element in another reacting compound. Zn(s) + 2HCl(aq) ZnCl 2 (aq) + H 2 (g) Fe(s) + CuSO 4 (aq)FeSO 4 (aq) + Cu(s)

11 11 Zn and HCl is a Single Replacement Reaction Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.

12 12 Double Replacement In a double replacement, two elements in the reactants exchange places. AgNO 3 (aq) + NaCl(aq)AgCl(s) + NaNO 3 (aq) ZnS(s) + 2HCl(aq)ZnCl 2 (aq) + H 2 S(g)

13 13 Example of a Double Replacement Copyright © 2009 by Pearson Education, Inc.

14 14 Learning Check Classify the following reactions as 1) single replacement or 2) double replacement. A. 2Al(s) + 3H 2 SO 4 (aq) Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 (s) + 3H 2 (g) B. Na 2 SO 4 (aq) + 2AgNO 3 (aq) Ag 2 SO 4 (s) + 2NaNO 3 (aq) C. 3C(s) + Fe 2 O 3 (s) 2Fe(s) + 3CO(g)

15 15 Solution Classify the following reactions as 1) single replacement or 2) double replacement. 1 A. 2Al(s) + 3H 2 SO 4 (aq) Al 2 (SO 4 ) 3 (s) + 3H 2 (g) 2 B. Na 2 SO 4 (aq) + 2AgNO 3 (aq) Ag 2 SO 4 (s) + 2NaNO 3 (aq) 1 C. 3C(s) + Fe 2 O 3 (s) 2Fe(s) + 3CO(g)

16 16 Learning Check Identify each reaction as 1) combination, 2) decomposition, 3) single replacement, or 4) double replacement. A. 3Ba(s) + N 2 (g) Ba 3 N 2 (s) B. 2Ag(s) + H 2 S(aq)Ag 2 S(s) + H 2 (g) C. SiO 2 (s) + 4HF(aq) SiF 4 (s) + 2H 2 O(l) D. PbCl 2 (aq) + K 2 SO 4 (aq) 2KCl(aq) + PbSO 4 (s) E. K 2 CO 3 (s) K 2 O(aq) + CO 2 (g)

17 17 Solution 1 A. 3Ba(s) + N 2 (g) Ba 3 N 2 (s) 3 B. 2Ag(s) + H 2 S(aq) Ag 2 S(s) + H 2 (g) 4 C. SiO 2 (s) + 4HF(aq) SiF 4 (s) + 2H 2 O(l) 4 D. PbCl 2 (aq) + K 2 SO 4 (aq) 2KCl(aq) +PbSO 4 (s) 2 E. K 2 CO 3 (s) K 2 O(aq) + CO 2 (g)

18 18 Learning Check Each of the following reactions occur in the formation of smog or acid rain. Identify the type of reaction and balance each. A. NO(g) + O 2 (g) NO 2 (s) B. N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) NO(g) C. SO 2 (g) + O 2 (g) SO 3 (g) D. NO 2 (g) NO(g) + O(g)

19 19 Solution Each of the following reactions occur in the formation of smog or acid rain. Identify the type of reaction and balance each. Combination A. 2NO(g) + O 2 (g) 2NO 2 (s) B. N 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2NO(g) C. 2SO 2 (g) + O 2 (g) 2SO 3 (g) Decomposition D. NO 2 (g) NO(g) + O(g)

20 Websites for more practice http://misterguch.brinkster.net/6typesofc hemicalrxn.html http://misterguch.brinkster.net/6typesofc hemicalrxn.html http://www.ehow.com/how_8251598_cla ssify-analyze-chemical-reactions.html http://www.ehow.com/how_8251598_cla ssify-analyze-chemical-reactions.html Then use extra practice worksheet PRA020 on MS word 20

21 Classwork for 2 6 2013 Lab to view types of reactions, then lesson to try to predict products http://misterguch.brinkster.net/pra_equatio nworksheets.html Fun with predicting reaction products worksheets 21


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