Mīqāt Mīqāt is the geographical boundary that a person intending hajj or umrah may not pass without being in the state of ihrām. If a person intending to perform hajj or umrah crosses the mīqāt without the ihrām, he/she must return to the mīqāt and make umrah from there. If he/she does not, he/she must offer an animal for sacrifice.
Mīqāt Dhul Hulayfah – Coming from Madinah Al-Juhfah – Coming from North Africa, Syria Dhat Irq – Coming from Iraq Qarn al-Manāzil – Coming from Najd (Riyād, UAE, etc) Yalamlam – Coming from Yemen
First Stop: Makkah or Madinah Makkah Be in the state of ihrām before arriving at Jeddah Do not expect to put on the ihrām on the plane. Do so at home, hotel, or airport before leaving for Jeddah Madinah One does not need to be in the state of ihrām One may don the ihrām when leaving for Makkah
Hajj Tamattu Tamattu literally means to benefit. Hajj Tamattu means a person enters Makkah with the intention to do umrah. After completing the umrah, he comes out of the state of ihrām by shaving the head or trimming the hair. On the 7 th of Dhul Hijjah, he/she will re-enter the state of ihrām with the intention of Hajj.
What is ihrām? Ihrām in hajj or umrah is a state wherein certain actions that are usually halāl become harām. Ihrām also refers to two unsown pieces of clothing a person dons while in hajj or umrah.
Ihrām When a person intends to come into the state of ihram, he/she should first remove unwanted hair, clip the nails, and take a bath if possible. wudū will also suffice. Males – they will don two pair of white sheets/towel. One upper garment and one lower. The head should not be covered. Also, the footwear should be such that the upper bone remains exposed. Females – Their regular garments. The veil should not touch the face.
Ihrām After doning the ihrām, perform two rakat of nafl salat. Brothers can cover their head with the end of their sheets. After Salat, make the intention for the ihrām اَللّهُمَّ اِنِّي اُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ فَيَسِّرْهَا لِى وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّىْ Oh Allah, I intend to perform umrah, so make it easy on me and accept it from me. Thereafter say the Talbiyah: لَبَّيْكَ اَللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالمُلْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ Here I am O Allah, here I am. Here I am, there is no partner with You, here I am. Verily all praise is for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours – You have no partner.
Arrival at Makkah After you have settle your luggage and other necessities, proceed towards the Masjid to perform the umrah. When entering the masjid, keep the gazes down until you feel you are in clear view of the Kabah. Lift your gazes and make dua to Allah Taāla. The duā upon the sight of the Kabah is sure to be accepted.
Tawāf Tawāf consist of seven circuits around the Kabah. One has to be in the state of purity (wudū) while performing the tawāf. Menstruating women do not perform tawāf until she become free of her menstruation. During the tawāf, the Kabah will be to your left.
Raml and Idtibā Raml and Idtibā are two acts done be men in every tawāf followed by a Saī. Raml –A strong and quick walk with boldness in which the shoulders are high and forward. –To be done in the first three circuits. Idtibā –To wear the ihram under your right armpits and over the left shoulder in order to expose the right shoulder. –To be done through all seven circuits.
Procedure of Tawāf Proceed to the line right in front of the Black Stone (Hajr Aswad). Stand in a way that the entire Black Stone is to you right. Make the intention in your heart for tawāf. Move to the right, so that the Black stone is directly in front of you. Face the Black Stone, raise your hands as you raise them in Salat, up to your earlobe. And say: Bismillahi Allahu Akbar. Then raise the hand with palm facing the Black Stone, and as if your hands are touching the black stone, kiss the back of your hand. Be sure not to cause any type of harm to any individual.
Continuing Tawāf Proceed to your right and commence the tawāf. Upon reaching the Black stone each time, you will face your hand to it and kiss you hands again. When the 7 th circuit is finished, you will once again face your hands towards the Black Stone and kiss your hands.
Tawāf Yamani Corner Shami Corner Iraqi Corner Black Stone Maqam Ibraheem Start Line Hijr Isma'eel Door Ka'bah To Zamzam To the Safa N
15 Al-Masjid Al-haram (2) Maqam Ibraheem Door of the Kabah Hijr Isma'eel (Hateem) To the Safa Zamzam tap water King Fahd Gate Black Stone Corner Iraqi Corner Shami Corner Yamani Corner Abraj Al-Bait Abraj Makkah (Hilton)
16 Can you name it? ? ? ? ? ? Yamani Corner Shami Corner Hijr Ismaeel Maqam Ibraheem Black Stone Corner Direction to ? To the Safa Direction to ? To Zamzam ? Iraqi Corner
After Tawāf After performing the tawāf, perform two rakaāt salat anywhere within the masjid. If it is makrūh time, then wait and perform it after the makrūh time expires. Go to where Zamzam water is available and drink Zamzam water.
Sai To pass between Mount Safa and Mount Marwa is called sai Before starting the sai, return to the Black Stone and do Istilam once again. Proceed first to Mount Safa, face the Kabah and make intention of Sai. Begin Sai by saying Bismillah Allahu Akbar Walk towards Marwah.
Sai At marwa, face the Kabah and make dua again. Going from Safa to Marwa is considered as one round. Returning from Marwa to Safa is another round. Total of Seven rounds will be perform ending at Marwa. It is sunnah for men to walk briskly between the two green lights. Women will walk in the normal pace.
Ending umrah After finishing the seven rounds, men should shave their head and come out of the state of ihram. Trimming the hair is also permissible. Women will cut one fingertips length of their hair. (about 1 inch) Spend the remainder days until Hajj productively. Perform tawāfs, tilāwat, dhikr, etc.
21 Hajj Sites – Satellite Picture Al-Masjid Al-Haram (Makkah) Mina Muzdalifah Arafah Aziziyah Jamarat Area Masjid Namira Masjid Al-Khaif Al-Mashar Al-Haram Mount of Mercy
22 Hajj Sites - Distances Al-Masjid Al-Haram - Makkah - Jamarat - Mina - Al-Mashar Al-Haram - Muzdalifah - Masjid Namira - Arafah - 2.8mi/4.5km 2mi/3.2km 1.4mi/2.25km 2.2mi/3.5km 4mi/6.4km 1.35mi/2.15km Borders Mount of Mercy
A person will don the ihrām, and return to the state of ihrām. Afterwards, proceed towards Mina It is Sunnah to perform five salats in Mina. a. Zuhr b. Asr c. Maghrib d. Isha e. Fajr ( of 9 th Dhul Hijja) Muhrim can do dhikr, nafl salaah, durūd, talbiyah, duā and tilāwat of Qur ān.
The Second Day of Hajj 9 th of Dhul Hijja Leave after Fajr from Mina to Arafat, & reach before Zawāl
Its sunnah to make Ghusl just before Zawāl. If possible, after Zawāl go to Masjid-Namirah. If one does go to the masjid, its sunnah to listen the Khutbah. If praying in the masjid, perform Zuhr and Asr at the time of Zuhr with one Adhān and two Iqāmah behind the Imam. If praying in tent, pray each Salat at its stipulated time. To perform wuqūf is a compulsory act of Hajj. The time of wuqūf is from After zawal until sunset. One should try to stand and make duā. After sunset to leave for Muzdalifah without making Maghrib Salat at Arafat.
The 10 th of Dhul-Hijjah After sunset, leave Arafāt for Muzdalifah. One adhan and one Iqāmah should be given then Maghrib and Isha should be prayed together at the time of Isha. Its sunnah muakadah to spend night at Muzdalifah. Its wājib to make wuqūf in Muzdalifah, anytime between Subah Sādiq until just before sunrise. The pilgrims will collect 70 pebbles for pelting. Leave for Mina just before sunrise.
The Third Day of Hajj 10 th of Zul Hujjah On this day, Jamaratul-Ukhra (the last) has to be pelted with seven pebbles. Act of pelting is called Rami. Its sunnah to pelt between sunrise to zawāl. Permissible to pelt after zawāl until sunset. The old, weak, and women can also pelt at night.
How to Pelt The pebbles should be the size of chick peas. While throwing each pebble one can recite : بسم الله الله أَكْبَرُ رَغْمًا لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَحِزْبِهِ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ حَجِّي مَبْرُورًا وَسَعْيِي مَشْكُورًا وَذَنْبِي مَغْفُورًا Slaughter an animal. Halq (shaving) or Qasr (trimming) is done after slaughtering. After Halq the state Ihram comes to an end. Women will only do Qasr (cut hair equal to finger tips)
After Halq/Qasr The pilgrim will to proceed to Makkah to perform Tawāf al-Ziyārah. After Tawāf al-Ziyārah the pilgrim then performs Sai and returns to Minah. Note: Tawāf al-Ziyārah can be performed until the 12 th of Dhul Hijjah and is not necessary on the 10 th only.
The Fourth Day of Hajj 11 th of Dhul Hijjah On this day all three Jamarāt has to be pelted with seven pebbles. The preferred time for pelting is on this day is from after Zawāl until before sunset. However, if someone does it after sunset, it will be valid. Its sunnah to spend the night in Mina.
The Fifth Day of Hajj 12 th of Zul Hijjah On this day all three Jamarāt has to be pelted with seven pebbles. Pilgrim may return to Makkah before Maghrib. The Haji may now remain in Makkah for as long as he desires. Tawaaf-ul-Widaa must be performed.
Visiting Madinah Etiquettes of Madinah: On the way to Madinah, recite abundant salutations upon the Prophet (Sallallahu `Alahyi Wasallam) As Madinah comes near, increase the salutations. Its preferable to take bath, wear ones best clothes and in a dignified manner proceed to Masjidun Nabawi.
34 Madinah - Satellite Main Hotel Area The Prophets Masjid Qiblah Market Area Al-Baqee The Green Dome King Fahd Gate Main Entrance Ladies Sections
The Etiquettes of Masjid Al-Nabawi Prior to entering the masjid, its recommended that one should distribute charity. While proceeding towards the blessed grave of the Prophet (Sallallahu `Alahyi Wasallam), keep the heart and mind clear of all evil thought. Stand with utmost respect humility and with eyes down cast and offer salam.
36 Map of the Prophet's Masjid As-Suffah 1 2 4 5 6 7 8 1. The Minbar of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) 2. The MiHrab of the Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) 3. The Perfumed Pillar (Al-Mukhallaqah) 4. Pillar of 'Aisha 5. Pillar of Repentence (at-Tawbah) 6. Pillar of the Bed (As-Sareer) 7. Pillar of the Guards (al-Haras) 8. Pillar of the Delegations (al-Wufood) Bab Jibril Bab An-Nisa' The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) Abu-Bakr (ra) Umar (ra) Qiblah MiHrab Uthmani 3 Ar-Rawdah Ash-Shareefa See next slide
37 The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) 'Umar ( رضي الله عنه ) Abu-Bakr ( رضي الله عنه ) The Prophets grave The Prophet ( صلى الله عليه وسلم ) Abu-Bakr ( رضي الله عنه ) 'Umar ( رضي الله عنه )