2 MīqātMīqāt is the geographical boundary that a person intending hajj or ‘umrah may not pass without being in the state of ihrām.If a person intending to perform hajj or ‘umrah crosses the mīqāt without the ihrām, he/she must return to the mīqāt and make ‘umrah from there. If he/she does not, he/she must offer an animal for sacrifice.
3 Mīqāt Dhul Hulayfah – Coming from Madinah Al-Juhfah – Coming from North Africa, SyriaDhat ‘Irq – Coming from IraqQarn al-Manāzil – Coming from Najd (Riyād, UAE, etc)Yalamlam – Coming from Yemen
4 First Stop: Makkah or Madinah Be in the state of ihrām before arriving at JeddahDo not expect to put on the ihrām on the plane.Do so at home, hotel, or airport before leaving for JeddahMadinahOne does not need to be in the state of ihrāmOne may don the ihrām when leaving for Makkah
5 Hajj Tamattu’ Tamattu’ literally means to benefit. Hajj Tamattu’ means a person enters Makkah with the intention to do ‘umrah. After completing the ‘umrah, he comes out of the state of ihrām by shaving the head or trimming the hair. On the 7th of Dhul Hijjah, he/she will re-enter the state of ihrām with the intention of Hajj.
6 What is ihrām?Ihrām in hajj or ‘umrah is a state wherein certain actions that are usually halāl become harām. Ihrām also refers to two unsown pieces of clothing a person dons while in hajj or ‘umrah.
7 IhrāmWhen a person intends to come into the state of ihram, he/she should first remove unwanted hair, clip the nails, and take a bath if possible. wudū’ will also suffice.Males – they will don two pair of white sheets/towel. One upper garment and one lower. The head should not be covered. Also, the footwear should be such that the upper bone remains exposed.Females – Their regular garments. The veil should not touch the face.
8 IhrāmAfter doning the ihrām, perform two rakat of nafl salat. Brothers can cover their head with the end of their sheets.After Salat, make the intention for the ihrāmاَللّهُمَّ اِنِّي اُرِيْدُ الْعُمْرَةَ فَيَسِّرْهَا لِى وَتَقَبَّلْهَا مِنِّىْOh Allah, I intend to perform ‘umrah, so make it easy on me and accept it from me.Thereafter say the Talbiyah:لَبَّيْكَ اَللَّهُمَّ لَبَّيْكَ لَبَّيْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَ لَبَّيْكَ إِنَّ الْحَمْدَ وَالنِّعْمَةَ لَكَ وَالمُلْكَ لَا شَرِيْكَ لَكَHere I am O Allah, here I am. Here I am, there is no partner with You, here I am. Verily all praise is for You, and every bounty is from You, and all dominion is Yours – You have no partner.
9 Arrival at MakkahAfter you have settle your luggage and other necessities, proceed towards the Masjid to perform the ‘umrah.When entering the masjid, keep the gazes down until you feel you are in clear view of the Ka‘bah. Lift your gazes and make du‘a to Allah Ta‘āla. The du‘ā upon the sight of the Ka‘bah is sure to be accepted.
10 Tawāf Tawāf consist of seven circuits around the Ka‘bah. One has to be in the state of purity (wudū’) while performing the tawāf. Menstruating women do not perform tawāf until she become free of her menstruation.During the tawāf, the Ka‘bah will be to your left.
11 Raml and Idtibā‘Raml and Idtibā‘ are two acts done be men in every tawāf followed by a Sa‘ī.RamlA strong and quick walk with boldness in which the shoulders are high and forward.To be done in the first three circuits.Idtibā‘To wear the ihram under your right armpits and over the left shoulder in order to expose the right shoulder.To be done through all seven circuits.
12 Procedure of TawāfProceed to the line right in front of the Black Stone (Hajr Aswad).Stand in a way that the entire Black Stone is to you right.Make the intention in your heart for tawāf.Move to the right, so that the Black stone is directly in front of you.Face the Black Stone, raise your hands as you raise them in Salat, up to your earlobe. And say: “Bismillahi Allahu Akbar.”Then raise the hand with palm facing the Black Stone, and as if your hands are touching the black stone, kiss the back of your hand.Be sure not to cause any type of harm to any individual.
13 Continuing Tawāf Proceed to your right and commence the tawāf. Upon reaching the Black stone each time, you will face your hand to it and kiss you hands again.When the 7th circuit is finished, you will once again face your hands towards the Black Stone and kiss your hands.
14 Tawāf N Hijr Isma'eel Door Start Line To Zamzam To the Safa Ka'bah Iraqi CornerShami CornerMaqamIbraheemKa'bahTo ZamzamDoorBlack StoneYamani CornerTo the SafaStart Line
15 Al-Masjid Al-haram (2) To the Safa Zamzam tap water Abraj Makkah (Hilton)Abraj Al-BaitYamani CornerDoor of the Ka’bahShami CornerKing Fahd GateBlack Stone CornerIraqi CornerTo the SafaHijr Isma'eel(Hateem)Maqam IbraheemZamzam tap water
16 Can you name it? ? ? ? ? ? ? Iraqi Corner Maqam Ibraheem Hijr Isma’eel Direction to ?To Zamzam?Shami CornerDirection to ?To the Safa?Black Stone CornerYamani Corner?
17 After TawāfAfter performing the tawāf, perform two raka‘āt salat anywhere within the masjid. If it is makrūh time, then wait and perform it after the makrūh time expires.Go to where Zamzam water is available and drink Zamzam water.
18 Sa‘i To pass between Mount Safa and Mount Marwa is called sa‘i Before starting the sa‘i, return to the Black Stone and do “Istilam” once again.Proceed first to Mount Safa, face the Ka‘bah and make intention of Sa‘i.Begin Sa‘i by saying “Bismillah Allahu Akbar”Walk towards Marwah.
19 Sa‘i At marwa, face the Ka‘bah and make du‘a again. Going from Safa to Marwa is considered as one round. Returning from Marwa to Safa is another round. Total of Seven rounds will be perform ending at Marwa.It is sunnah for men to walk briskly between the two green lights. Women will walk in the normal pace.
20 Ending ‘umrahAfter finishing the seven rounds, men should shave their head and come out of the state of ihram. Trimming the hair is also permissible.Women will cut one fingertip’s length of their hair. (about 1 inch)Spend the remainder days until Hajj productively. Perform tawāfs, tilāwat, dhikr, etc.
24 A person will don the ihrām, and return to the state of ihrām. Afterwards, proceed towards Mina’It is Sunnah to perform five salats in Mina’.a. Zuhrb. ‘Asrc. Maghribd. ‘Ishae. Fajr ( of 9th Dhul Hijja)Muhrim can do dhikr, nafl salaah, durūd, talbiyah, du‘ā and tilāwat of Qur’ ān.
25 Leave after Fajr from Mina’ to ‘Arafat, & reach before Zawāl The Second Day of Hajj9th of Dhul HijjaLeave after Fajr from Mina’ to ‘Arafat, & reach before Zawāl
26 It’s sunnah to make Ghusl just before Zawāl. If possible, after Zawāl go to Masjid-Namirah.If one does go to the masjid, it’s sunnah to listen the Khutbah.If praying in the masjid, perform Zuhr and ‘Asr at the time of Zuhr with one Adhān and two Iqāmah behind the Imam. If praying in tent, pray each Salat at its stipulated time.To perform wuqūf is a compulsory act of Hajj. The time of wuqūf is from After zawal until sunset. One should try to stand and make du‘ā.After sunset to leave for Muzdalifah without making Maghrib Salat at Arafat.
27 The 10th of Dhul-Hijjah After sunset, leave ‘Arafāt for Muzdalifah. One adhan and one Iqāmah should be given then Maghrib and ‘Isha should be prayed together at the time of ‘Isha.It’s sunnah mu’akadah to spend night at Muzdalifah.It’s wājib to make wuqūf in Muzdalifah, anytime between Subah Sādiq until just before sunrise.The pilgrims will collect 70 pebbles for pelting.Leave for Mina just before sunrise.
28 The Third Day of Hajj 10th of Zul Hujjah On this day, Jamaratul-Ukhra (the last) has to be pelted with seven pebbles.Act of pelting is called Rami.It’s sunnah to pelt between sunrise to zawāl. Permissible to pelt after zawāl until sunset.The old, weak, and women can also pelt at night.
29 How to PeltThe pebbles should be the size of chick peas.While throwing each pebble one can recite :بسم الله الله أَكْبَرُ رَغْمًا لِلشَّيْطَانِ وَحِزْبِهِ اللَّهُمَّ اجْعَلْ حَجِّي مَبْرُورًا وَسَعْيِي مَشْكُورًا وَذَنْبِي مَغْفُورًاSlaughter an animal.Halq (shaving) or Qasr (trimming) is done after slaughtering.After Halq the state Ihram comes to an end.Women will only do Qasr (cut hair equal to finger tips)
30 After Halq/QasrThe pilgrim will to proceed to Makkah to perform Tawāf al-Ziyārah.After Tawāf al-Ziyārah the pilgrim then performs Sa‘i and returns to Minah.Note: Tawāf al-Ziyārah can be performed until the 12th of Dhul Hijjah and is not necessary on the 10th only.
31 The Fourth Day of Hajj 11th of Dhul Hijjah On this day all three Jamarāt has to be pelted with seven pebbles.The preferred time for pelting is on this day is from after Zawāl until before sunset. However, if someone does it after sunset, it will be valid.It’s sunnah to spend the night in Mina.
32 The Fifth Day of Hajj 12th of Zul Hijjah On this day all three Jamarāt has to be pelted with seven pebbles.Pilgrim may return to Makkah before Maghrib.The Haji may now remain in Makkah for as long as he desires.Tawaaf-ul-Widaa must be performed.
33 Visiting Madinah Etiquettes of Madinah: On the way to Madinah, recite abundant salutations upon the Prophet (Sallallahu `Alahyi Wasallam)As Madinah comes near, increase the salutations.It’s preferable to take bath, wear one’s best clothes and in a dignified manner proceed to Masjidun Nabawi.
34 Madinah - Satellite King Fahd Gate Main Entrance Main Hotel Area Ladies SectionsThe Prophet’s MasjidAl-Baqee’The Green DomeMarket AreaQiblah
35 The Etiquettes of Masjid Al-Nabawi Prior to entering the masjid, it’s recommended that one should distribute charity.While proceeding towards the blessed grave of the Prophet (Sallallahu `Alahyi Wasallam), keep the heart and mind clear of all evil thought.Stand with utmost respect humility and with eyes down cast and offer salam.
36 Map of the Prophet's Masjid See next slideMiHrab UthmaniThe Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)Qiblah3Abu-Bakr (ra)265471Umar (ra)8Ar-Rawdah Ash-ShareefaBab Jibril1. The Minbar of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)2. The MiHrab of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم)3. The Perfumed Pillar (Al-Mukhallaqah)4. Pillar of 'Aisha5. Pillar of Repentence (at-Tawbah)6. Pillar of the Bed (As-Sareer)7. Pillar of the Guards (al-Haras)8. Pillar of the Delegations (al-Wufood)As-SuffahBab An-Nisa'
37 The Prophet’s grave The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) 'Umar Abu-Bakr (رضي الله عنه)'Umar(رضي الله عنه)The Prophet(صلى الله عليه وسلم)