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OCLC Online Computer Library Center DDC number building for shelf arrangement Julianne Beall Assistant Editor, DDC Library of Congress July 4, 2006 Vienna.

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Presentation on theme: "OCLC Online Computer Library Center DDC number building for shelf arrangement Julianne Beall Assistant Editor, DDC Library of Congress July 4, 2006 Vienna."— Presentation transcript:

1 OCLC Online Computer Library Center DDC number building for shelf arrangement Julianne Beall Assistant Editor, DDC Library of Congress July 4, 2006 Vienna

2 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Broad outline Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers Part 2. Class numbers Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement

3 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Part 1. Elements of typical call numbers Call number = class number + book number (or other method of alphabetic subarrangement) Example: B3433

4 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Call number A set of letters, numerals or other symbols (in combination or alone) used by a library to identify a specific copy of a work. A call number consists of the class number and book number (or Cutter number). It may also contain other data such as date, volume number, copy number and location symbol.

5 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Class number Notation that designates the class to which a given item belongs. Example: Cooking characteristic of Mexico Used for Rick Bayless's Mexican kitchen : capturing the vibrant flavors of a world- class cuisine

6 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Book number The part of a call number that distinguishes a specific item from other items within the same class number, also called a Cutter number. A book number is composed of letters from the author's name and numbers. Example:.B3433 for Bayless, Rick From OCLC Cutter Four-Figure Table

7 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Other method of alphabetic subarrangement Instead of formal book numbers, many libraries prefer simple methods of alphabetic subarrangement Example: Bay for Bayless, Rick

8 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Part 2. Class numbers Broad classification and logical abridgment Building with tables (numbered auxiliary tables) Building with add tables Building with other add notes

9 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Broad classification The classification of works in broad categories by logical abridgment, even when more specific numbers are available, e.g., the use of Cooking instead of Mexican cooking for a cookbook of Mexican recipes.

10 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Logical abridgment The abridged number is the same as the full number, but shorter The number is abridged at a logical place

11 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Abridged edition A shortened version of the Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) system that is a logical truncation of the notational and structural hierarchy of the corresponding full edition on which it is based. The abridged edition is intended for general collections of 20,000 titles or less.

12 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Segmentation marks (/ or ) Records from Library of Congress and Library and Archives Canada include segmentation marks in Dewey class numbers These marks show end of abridged number The slash (/) appears in MARC records The prime mark () appears in Cataloging in Publication printed in books

13 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Example of segmentation 641.5/6314 The abridged number (641.5) means cooking The full number ( ) means cooking for people with diabetes Never include segmentation marks in call numbers

14 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Building with tables (numbered auxiliary tables) Numbers from auxiliary tables are never used alone for shelf arrangement They may, however, be used alone in a database for resource discovery Today we wont be able to cover all six auxiliary tables; we will cover the following tables:

15 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Tables to be covered today Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons Table 1. Standard Subdivisions Table 3A. Subdivisions for Works by or about Individual Authors Table 3B. Subdivisions for Works by or about More than One Author Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups

16 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons The following numbers are never used alone, but may be used as required (either directly when so noted or through the interposition of notation T109 from Table 1) with any number from the schedules, e.g., wages (331.29) in Japan (T252 in this table): ; railroad transportation (385) in Brazil (T281 in this table):

17 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Cooking characteristic of specific continents, countries, localities Add to base number notation T23- T29 from Table 2, e.g., Southern cooking (United States) T275 Southeastern United States (South Atlantic states) Class here southern states [T2]75=

18 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [T2]436= (etc.) Austrian cooking Cooking of Vienna French cooking Cooking of Normandy Cooking of Provence

19 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [T2 ]45= (etc.) Italian cooking Cooking of Tuscany Cooking of Sicily Asian cooking Chinese cooking Japanese cooking

20 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Facet Any of the various categories into which a given class may be divided, e.g., division of the class "people" into the categories of ethnicity, age, education and language spoken. Each category contains terms based on a single characteristic of division, e.g., children, adolescents and adults are characteristics of division of the "ages" category.

21 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Facet indicator A digit used to introduce notation representing a characteristic of the subject. For example, "0" is often used as a facet indicator to introduce standard subdivision concepts.

22 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Rule for logical abridgment Never abridge a number so as to leave a 0 or other facet indicator at the end, in the part following the decimal point Dewey numbers may end with 0 before the decimal point Examples: 630 is O.K is not O.K is O.K.

23 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Table 1. Standard Subdivisions The following notation is never used alone, but may be used as required with any regular schedule number, e.g., workbooks (T1076 in this table) in arithmetic (513): When adding to a number from the schedules, always insert a decimal point between the third and fourth digits of the complete number

24 OCLC Online Computer Library Center T109 Historical, geographic, persons treatment T1092 Persons Biography, autobiography, description and critical appraisal of work, diaries... Class here treatment of individuals T1093-T1099 Treatment by specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds

25 OCLC Online Computer Library Center T109 Historical, geographic, persons treatment T1093-T1099 Treatment by specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds Add to base number T109 notation T23-T29 from Table 2, e.g., the subject in North America T1097, in Brazil T10981

26 OCLC Online Computer Library Center 630 Agriculture and related technologies Standard subdivisions are added for agriculture and related technologies together, for agriculture alone Agriculturehistory Agricultural workers, farmers

27 OCLC Online Computer Library Center 63+[T1]09+[T2]4= (etc.) AgricultureEurope AgricultureAustria AgricultureSalzburg province AgricultureFrance AgricultureLorraine AgricultureItaly

28 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [T1]09= (etc.) Forestry Forestryhistory Foresters ForestryEurope ForestryAustria

29 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups The following numbers are never used alone, but may be used as required (either directly when so noted or through the interposition of notation T1 089 from Table 1) with any number from the schedules, e.g., civil and political rights ( ) of Navajo Indians ( T59726 in this table): ; ceramic arts ( 738 ) of Jews ( T5 924 in this table): They may also be used when so noted with numbers from other tables, e.g., notation T2174 from Table 2

30 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Table 5. Ethnic and National Groups (2) Except where instructed otherwise, and unless it is redundant, add 0 to the number from this table and to the result add notation T21 or T23-T29 from Table 2 for area in which a group is or was located, e.g., Germans in Brazil T , but Germans in Germany T531 ; Jews in Germany or Jews from Germany T

31 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Specific ethnic and national groups Add to base number notation T5 05-T59 from Table 5, e.g., comprehensive works on Jews , Chinese , Chinese Australians , Inuit [T5]951+0+[T2]94=

32 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [T5]31 (etc.) Germans Swiss Austrians French Italians

33 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [T5]41+0+[T2]494= Swiss Austrians French French-speaking Swiss Italians Italian-speaking Swiss

34 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Subdivisions of German literature Add to base number 83 as instructed at beginning of Table 3, e.g., a collection of German literature T3B08 Collections of literary texts in more than one form 83+[T3B]08=830.8

35 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Table 3B. Subdivisions for Works by or about More than One Author T3B08 Collections of literary texts in more than one form T3B09 History, description, critical appraisal of works in more than one form German literaturecollections German literaturehistory and criticism

36 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Subdivisions of German literature Add to base number 83 as instructed at beginning of Table 3, e.g., a collection of German literature PERIOD TABLE

37 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Table 3A. Subdivisions for Works by or about Individual Authors T3A1 Poetry T3A11-T3A19 Poetry of specific periods Add to T3A1 notation from the period table for the specific literature in , e.g., earliest period T3A11; do not add standard subdivisions

38 OCLC Online Computer Library Center 83+[T3A]1+912= (etc.) Specific literature (German) + specific form (poetry) + literary period ( ) (etc.) German poetry German poetry German poetry1990-

39 OCLC Online Computer Library Center 598 *Aves (Birds) Class here land birds, ornithology *Add as instructed under

40 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Add table at

41 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Specific taxonomic groups of animals Except for modifications shown under specific entries, add to each subdivision identified by * as follows: 1 General topics of natural history of animals Add to base number 1 the numbers following 591 in , e.g., beneficial animals [591.]63=

42 OCLC Online Computer Library Center 1 as facet indicator In the add table at , 1 introduces the facet: General topics of natural history of animals Never abridge a number built using this add table with the facet indicator 1 at the end of the number after the decimal point 1 is also used as facet indicator elsewhere in life sciences ( ) and in music (780)

43 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [591.]63= Specific topics in natural history of animals Miscellaneous nontaxonomic kinds of animals Beneficial animals

44 OCLC Online Computer Library Center [591.]38= (etc.) Birdsevolution Baby birds Eggsbirds Behaviorbirds Life cyclebirds Birds' nests Migratory birds Aquatic birds

45 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Secondary industries and services Subdivisions for products and services Add to base number notation , e.g., gasoline production industry , tourist industry

46 OCLC Online Computer Library Center = (etc.) Computer industry Internet industry Publishing industry Adult vocational education and training services industry

47 OCLC Online Computer Library Center = (etc.) Drugs (Pharmaceuticals) industry Nanotechnology industry Electronic equipment industry Shipbuilding industry

48 OCLC Online Computer Library Center = (etc.) Construction industry Hotel industry Food services industry Chemical industries Fireworks industry

49 OCLC Online Computer Library Center = (etc.) Frozen vegetables industry Meat processing industry Beef processing industry Chicken (Meat) processing industry

50 OCLC Online Computer Library Center = (etc.) Ceramics industry Iron industrymetallurgy Steel industrymetallurgy Lumber industry Hardwood lumber industry Composite woods industry

51 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Part 3. Book numbers and other methods of subarrangement All methods of subarrangement are optional and not part of DDC proper Many different methods of subarrangement are used in Dewey libraries In a very few places in the DDC there are instructions for subarrangementbut they are optional

52 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Arrange alphabetically Rare instruction in DDC Always optional Markup languages Arrange alphabetically by name of language, e.g., XML X6

53 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Arrange chronologically Rare instruction in DDC Optional Winter Olympic games Arrange specific games chronologically

54 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Individual biographies Arrange alphabetically by name of biographee Example: biography of forester Emile Grandjean G764

55 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Double Cuttering If you use Cutter numbers to arrange alphabetically by topic (e.g., name of biographee), you may then add a second Cutter number for the authors name. As with all forms of subarrangement, double Cuttering is not part of DDC proper

56 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Example of double Cuttering Biography of forester Emile Grandjean Grandjean : man of the forests By Gordon S. Bowen G764B6754

57 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Dewey Cutter Program gram/default.htm gram/default.htm Free download OCLC Four-Figure Cutter Tables Compatible with Cutter Three-Figure Author Table Compatible with Cutter-Sanborn Three-Figure Author Table

58 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Dewey Cutter Program

59 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Cutter Four-Figure Table: examples Sa565 (Sanders, Margaret) Sch721 (Schreiber, Albert) Sch723 (Schreiber, John) Sch7243 (Schreiber, Nancy) Sch7247 (Schreiber, Robert) Sch725 (Schreiber, William) St835 (Streeter, Joan)

60 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Cutter-Sanborn Four-Figure Table: examples S2156 (Sanders, Margaret) S3781 (Schreiber, Albert) S3783 (Schreiber, John) S37843 (Schreiber, Nancy) S37845 (Schreiber, Robert) S37847 (Schreiber, William) S9154 (Streeter, Joan)

61 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Other methods of alphabetic subarrangement Many libraries use all or part of an authors name for alphabetic subarrangement

62 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Example of another method of alphabetic subarrangement Sanders Schreiber, A Schreiber, J Schreiber, N Schreiber, R Schreiber, W Streeter

63 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Resources and links (1) ddc-deutsch: Dewey Cutter Program: gram/default.htm gram/default.htm

64 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Resources and links (2) Comaromi, John P. Book numbers: a historical study and practical guide to their use. Littleton, Colo.: Libraries Unlimited, 1981 Lehnus, Donald J. Book numbers: history, principles, and application. Chicago: American Library Association, 1980

65 OCLC Online Computer Library Center Resources and links (3) Online DDC Catalogs: dwide/default.htm dwide/default.htm


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