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Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) LIS 532 - Winter 2011 - Session 9.

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Presentation on theme: "Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) LIS 532 - Winter 2011 - Session 9."— Presentation transcript:

1 Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) LIS Winter Session 9

2 2 Classification - Definition Organizing the universe of knowledge into some systematic order Establishing relationships among classes, subclasses, and finer subdivisions of concepts Library classification: The systematic arrangement, by subject(s), of materials on shelves and/or in catalogues, in a manner that is (potentially) useful to library users.

3 3 DDC - Characteristics Is a controlled vocabulary  Is hierarchical  Uses mixed notation  Some classification numbers are precoordinated (i.e., already built)  Some classification numbers are postcoordinated (i.e., must be built)

4 4 DDC - Main classes 000 Generalities 100 Philosophy & Psychology 200 Religion 300 Social Science 400 Language 500 Natural Science & Mathematics 600 Technology (Applied Sciences) 700 Arts 800 Literature & Rhetoric 900 Geography & History

5 5 Social Sciences SociologyStatisticsPolitical scienceEconomics Labour economicsFinancial economics Land economics Labour force And market Conditions of employment Workers of Specific age groups Women workers Hierarchical structure, from general to specific

6 6 DDC Hierarchy - Example 300 Social sciences 390 Customs, etiquette, folklore 391 Costume and personal appearance Hair styles Jewelry

7 7 DDC 22 - Overview of Sections 5 parts  The classification itself is made up of 2 parts: Main schedules, v.2-3 Tables, v.1  3 aids to use: Introduction and Manual v.1 – includes glossary Index., v.4

8 8 DDC tables Table1: Standard subdivisions Table 2: Geographic areas, historical periods, persons Table 3-A: Subdivisions for works by or about individual authors Table 3-B: Subdivisions for works by or about more than one author Table3-C: Notation to be added where instructed in Table 3-B, 700.4, Table 4: Subdivisions for individual languages Table 5: Racial, ethnic, national groups Table 6: Languages

9 9 DDC Synthesis Tables  6 main tables + internal tables  Can (almost) always use Table 1 once  Can use other tables only with permission in main schedule, or as directed by Table 1 Subdividing in the manner of another section:  Only as stipulated in the schedules

10 10 How to use tables Notations from Table 1 may be (generally) used wherever applicable Notations from tables 2, 5, and 6 are used only when instructed Table 3 and 4 apply only to certain schedules (i.e., table 3 to the 800s and table 4 to )

11 11 Notes in DDC Notes are important because they provide information that is not obvious in the notation  Definition notes: indicating the meaning of a class  Scope notes: determining the scope of the subject matter  Class here notes lists major topics in a class  Variant-name notes: used for synonyms and near synonyms

12 12 Choosing a number Basic principle: Classification by discipline  Fundamentals of physical chemistry for premedical students  Chemical calculations: An introduction to mathematics in chemistry Consider utility of the number in the context of the aboutness of the information package Use the most specific number available Do not classify from the index alone Try to identify the dominant subject if the work is multi-topical

13 13 Example Work in hand is chiefly about: Foreign relations between Japan and Britain 1. Locate base number for international relations: Consider more specific numbers in the hierarchy: Foreign relations of specific continents and localities … foreign relations of specific countries: Read classification notes:  Class here foreign policy  Add to base number 327 notation T2--3-T2--9 from Table 2, e.g., foreign relations of Brazil , of eastern European countries , in Middle East ; then, for relations between that nation or region and another nation or region, add 0* and to the result add notation T2--1-T2--9 from Table 2, e.g., relations between Brazil and France , between Brazil and Arab world T2--3-T T2--1-T Construct number: decimal + area notation for Japan = area notation for Britain 41 =

14 14 Work in hand is chiefly about: Descriptive research in Library Science 1. Locate base number for library science: Consider more specific numbers in the hierarchy: 020 Library and information sciencesLibrary and information sciences Education, research, related topics Education, research, related topics Library research 3. Recognize that the standard subdivision 72 is derived from Table 1. Check for a more specific notation: T1--0 Table 1. Standard SubdivisionsTable 1. Standard Subdivisions T1--07 Education, research, related topicsEducation, research, related topics T Research; statistical methods Research; statistical methods T1— T1—0724 Specific kinds of research T1—0722 Historical research Historical research T Descriptive research Descriptive research 4. Construct number: decimal = Example

15 15 Work in hand is chiefly about: Geology of Finland 1. Locate base number: 500 Science Science 550 Earth sciences & geology 550 Earth sciences Earth sciences 551 Geology, hydrology, meteorology Geology, hydrology, meteorology 552 Petrology Petrology 553 Economic geology Economic geology Earth sciences by specific continents, countries, localities in modern world; extraterrestrial worlds 554 Earth sciences of Europe Earth sciences of Europe Example

16 16 2. Review classification notes: Number built according to instructions under Add to base number 55 notation T2--4-T2--9 from Table 2, e.g., geology of Japan 555.2, of moon T2--4-T Locate area notation, from Table 2, for Finland: T2--0 Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, PersonsTable 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons T2--3-T2--9 Specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worldsSpecific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds T2--4-T2--9 Modern world; extraterrestrial worldsModern world; extraterrestrial worlds T2--4 Europe Western EuropeEurope Western Europe T2--48 Scandinavia Scandinavia T Denmark and Finland T T Denmark Denmark T Finland Finland 4. Construct number: decimal = Example

17 17 Work in hand is chiefly about: Commercial policy of the United States 1. Locate number for commercial policy 300 Social sciences 380 Commerce, communications & transportation 381 *Commerce (Trade) [formerly 380.1] Commercial policy 2. Recognize that there is no explicit provision for geographic subdivision, but that you can use standard subdivisions in Tables 1 and 2 to add subdivision for the United states: a. Instructions in Table 1: Add to base number T1--09 notation T2--3-T2--9 from Table 2, e.g., the subject in North America T1--097, in Brazil T T2--3-T2--9 Example

18 18 b. Instructions in Table 2: T2--0 Table 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, PersonsTable 2. Geographic Areas, Historical Periods, Persons T2--3-T2--9 Specific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worldsSpecific continents, countries, localities; extraterrestrial worlds T2--4-T2--9 Modern world; extraterrestrial worldsModern world; extraterrestrial worlds T2--7 North America North America T2--73 United States 3. Construct the number: decimal (T1) + 73 (Table 2) = Example

19 19 Example: Pop music in Canada Popular music 09 Historical, geographic, persons treatment 71 Canada (Table 2) Number: Base number Geographic subdivision Country number

20 – Dewey Decimal Call Number (R) Indicators First – Type of edition 0 – Full edition 1 – Abridged edition Second – Source of call number # - No information provided 0 – Assigned by LC 4 – Assigned by agency other than LC Subfield Codes $a – Classification number (R) $2 – Edition number (NR)

21 21 Coding DDC class number in MARC $a $ $a $ $a $2 22

22 22 Course and Assignment Resources WebDewey ( ) Dewey Classification Correlations (Classification Web) OCLC WorldCat LC Catalogue


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