3Different Types of Sources Primary sources are print materials that have been edited and reviewed by a reputable publisherThese can include encyclopedias, biographies, or scholarly journalsSecondary sources are usually non-print materials that have not been reviewed by a reputable companyThese can include websites and blogs
4Alphabetizing- used in all print reference sources Words are arranged from the letters A – Z in the alphabetWhen using a person’s name, always use the last name to look up the entryWhen 2 words begin with the same letter, the second letter is used to decide which will go first; if the second letter is also the same, use the third letter, and so on.
5Sections of a bookTitle page - displays the book’s title, the author’s name, the edition, the copyright, the publishing company, and place of publicationTable of Contents – lists all parts of the book, chapter titles, and page numbersGlossary – dictionary at the end of the bookIndex – lists of topics and heading discussed in the book; found at the end of the book and arranged alphabetically
6EncyclopediaA reference material containing articles on a variety of subjects, such as people, historical events, science, and technology.Articles are arranged alphabetically in volumesSpecialized encyclopedias on art, music, law, and literature are also available in libraries
7Using the Internet for Research Unless using a document found on the web as a primary source, never use the internet first.Verify any facts you use from the internet unless using an informational database, such as Britannica.com
8Dewey Decimal SystemLibraries use this system to organize books and make them easy to find. The numbering system is divided into the 10 categories listed below:General Works SciencePhilosophy TechnologyReligion ArtsSocial Sciences LiteratureLanguages History
9Tips for questions about reference sources Skim through the reference materialRead the reference source 2 or 3 timesRead the question carefullyScan the reference source to find your answerConfirm your answer by reviewing the evidence in the source
10Choosing the right reference source For a brief report on a specific subject, choose an encyclopediaTo locate a book on a particular topic, use the card catalog and Dewey Decimal SystemUse the internet responsibly and only AFTER you have used an encyclopedia