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Basic Copy Cataloging (Books) Prepared by Lynnette Fields, Lori Murphy, Kathy Nystrom, Shelley Stone as an LSTA grant “Funding for this grant was awarded.

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Presentation on theme: "Basic Copy Cataloging (Books) Prepared by Lynnette Fields, Lori Murphy, Kathy Nystrom, Shelley Stone as an LSTA grant “Funding for this grant was awarded."— Presentation transcript:

1 Basic Copy Cataloging (Books) Prepared by Lynnette Fields, Lori Murphy, Kathy Nystrom, Shelley Stone as an LSTA grant “Funding for this grant was awarded by the Illinois State Library (ISL), a Division of the Office of the Secretary of State, using funds provided by the Institute of Museum and Library Service (IMLS), under the Federal Library Services and Technology Act (LSTA).”

2 2 Session 11: Subject Analysis through Classification Dewey Decimal classification organization & principles Library of Congress classification organization & principles

3 3 How Do Books Get Organized on the Shelf? That’s the job of classification numbers

4 4 Let’s Look at Dewey First This is going to be a little hard to do without the DDC books here. How many of you use Dewey? Are you familiar with the DDC schedules?

5 5 Then Let’s

6 6 What you might find on some Dewey shelves See any problems?

7 7 Plus the 000’s for generalities

8 8 Characteristics of Dewey 4 v.: tables (1), schedules (2-3), index (4) Note manual (1) & intro (1) 10 classes = decimal basis Hierarchical, from general to specific Adding number segments adds meaning & specificity Summaries & carets [ < ]in margins

9 9 Basic Premise of Dewey according to Arlene Taylor No one class for any given subject Primary arrangement is by discipline Any specific topic may appear in any number of disciplines Various aspects of such a topic are usually brought together in the relative index Base classification number on discipline for which work was intended

10 10 Organization of the Index Cross references “T” numbers (tables) Spacing of long numbers Direction to different DDC numbers for different aspects of a topic Some “built” numbers (which include bicycles & adopted children)

11 11 Dewey’s Index

12 12 Some DDC Class Numbers Pertaining to the Family 173Ethics of family relationships 241.63Christian family ethics 296.4Religious family rites, etc. 304.666Family planning 306.8Marriage and family 362.82Families with specific problems 392.3Dwelling places 616.89156Family psychotherapy 796.0191Sports for families 929.2Family histories

13 13 Classification Number Structure Most: –Discipline (0-9)  subject subdivision  geographic &/time period  form of presentation (T1)641.5/942/ Literature and language: –Discipline  original language  form  period of composition Generalities (dictionaries, encyclopedias, library science): –Form  language or place 641.5/942/05 851./1 038./81

14 14 Some Important Ways to Understand DDC Read summaries throughout schedules, especially 800 & 810; T3 & T3A Note references to Manual Read scope notes Concepts: base numbers, built numbers, period numbers, segmentation, footnotes

15 15 Some Definitions Base number = number you add to, when directed by schedule or when adding from tables Built number = number not directly available in schedule, but already “built” for you in the index Period number = segment sometimes available to be added, indicating time period Segmentation = logical break points to make a classification number shorter; indicated by “/” in OCLC & by “ ’ ” in CIP

16 16 Bicycles in DDC Index (Built Number)

17 17 Base Number Directions

18 18 Tables: General Info T1 = standard subdivisions, -01-09 –Use for all classes T2 = geographic table, -1-9 –Use when told to, or –Use after standard subdivision, -09 T3 = literatures, 3A, B, C –Use with base number of asterisked class numbers, 810-890

19 19 Tables: General Info, cont’d T4 = individual languages (analysis of) –Use with base number of asterisked class numbers, 420-490 T5 = racial, ethnic, national aspects –Use when told to, or –Use after standard subdivision, -089 T6 = languages (items in other langs.) –Use when told to

20 20 Table 1 382.41/0973/01

21 21 Some Oddities to Note T1 “explanations” at various spots: –501[no note or explanation] –510.1[no note or explanation] –658.001[in summary + examples] –025.001[in note + summary] Terminal 0’s at main class (600) or division (680) act as space fillers unless otherwise noted

22 22

23 23 WebDewey, with Directions

24 24 Dewey Call Number Structure [Location info]REF *Classification number026.5 Author notation or cutterD56i + work mark maybe Date1988 [Vol. no.]v. 3 [Copy no.]c. 2 * decimal point between 3 rd & 4 th digits [ ] = optional components

25 25 Steps to Follow When Assigning Dewey Call Numbers Use index for subject & possible built numbers ALWAYS look up index number in schedules for further direction/ explanation Use tables to add to number, if directed or desired

26 26 Some Don’ts Don’t combine more than one standard subdivision (T1) unless specifically told to Follow precedence tables when doing so Don’t add standard subdivision, if redundant, e.g., adding -09+ to 973

27 27 Clues to Look for in MARC Bibs for DDC Currency Fixed field “entered date” Fixed field “desc”—rules applied –Always look for “a” [AACR2 + ISBD] ISBD punctuation or not 040—Who created record? –Usually prefer DLC [Library of Congress] 082 or 092 $2—DDC edition used

28 28

29 29 Now that you know all about Dewey, we’ll look at LCC How many of you use Library of Congress classification? Are you familiar with the schedules?

30 30 A - General works B - Philosophy C - Auxiliary sciences of history D - History (general) E-F - History (Americas) G - Geography H - Social sciences J - Political science K - Law L - Education M - Music N - Visual arts P - Language and literature Q - Science R - Medicine S - Agriculture T - Technology U - Military science V - Naval science Z - Bibliography; library science

31 31 Library of Congress Classification 21 classes in ~40 separate schedules Each has own index--no cumulative All classes except E-F have subclasses Kept current with additions & changes, new schedules, reprint/cumulative/ revised editions Main entry notation: LCC cutters

32 32 Many gaps for future expansion Not consistently hierarchical LC can add schedule cutters for specific subjects, for expansion

33 33 How LCC Might Appear

34 34 Read call numbers line by line LB Read the first line in alphabetical order: A, B, BF, C, D... L, LA, LB, LC, M, ML... 2395 Read the second line as a whole number: 1, 2, 3, 45, 100, 101.5, 1000, 2000, 2430....C65 The third line is a combination of a letter and numbers. Read the letter alphabetically. Read the number as a decimal, e.g.:.C65 =.65.C724 =.724

35 35 Some call numbers have more than one combination letter-number line 1991 The last line is the year the book was published. Read in chronological order: 1985, 1991, 1992...

36 36 Here is a shelf of books with the call number order explained

37 37 For Majority of Subjects Form, period, geographical, & topical subdivisions are indicated by different classification numbers in schedules, with few additional tables Exceptions: Law (K), Social Sciences (H), Literature (P), Fine Arts (N) Other subjects may have small tables included near topic, with footnoted directions

38 38 Frequently Used Tables Regions & countries in 1 alphabet States & Canadian provinces Author tables [P table schedule] Form subdivisions [K schedule] Biography table Translation/edition table

39 39 Common Directions Directions for “By region or country, A- Z”, e.g., Witchcraft in Alabama BF1577Witchcraft, by region or country, A-Z.A2Alabama S5main entry cutter 1961publication date

40 40 Cutter breakdown in some schedules, e.g., HD9213, Salt industry:.A1A-ZPeriodicals, societies, etc.; will have 2 cutters.A2A-ZGeneral works; will have single cutter HD9213.A1 T3 1999Periodical about Taiwan’s salt industry, with title beginning with T HD9213.J6 2000Book about salt industry, by Jones

41 41 LCC Call Number Structure [Location info]REF Classification numberHD8039 Possible topical cutter.P3 Main entry cutter [Ghastly]G63 Date1988 [Vol. no.]v. 3 [Copy no.]c. 2 [ ] = optional components

42 42 DDC vs. LCC Biography –DDC:B, 920, 92, -092 –LCC:particular subset of most subject categories Fiction –DDC:823, Fic/SF/X, etc. –LCC:P

43 43 DDC vs. LCC Bibliography –DDC:016+ or -016 [016.796 or 796.016] –LCC:Z or subject category subset History –DDC:9+ –LCC:D, E-F, etc. Geography –DDC:91+ –LCC:D, E-F, etc. COMBINED with History

44 44 DDC vs. LCC DDC = additional segments are tacked on to base number LCC = tables used to locate desired number within range of numbers; appropriate number is arithmetically added to base number DDC call numbers use various author notations LCC call numbers use LC’s cutter chart

45 45 LC’s Cutter Chart

46 46 A Little More of it…

47 47 Call Numbers in MARC DDC –082DDC assigned by LC 1 st indicator = no info or full or abridged DDC edition [blank, 0, 1] 2 nd indicator = assigned by LC or someone else [0, 4] $aclassification number $bmain entry cutter [rarely used for DDC] $2edition of DDC used, if 1 st indicator is 0 or 1 –092DDC assigned by the rest of us Same 1 st indicator & subfields; no 2 nd indicator

48 48 Call Numbers in MARC LCC –050LCC assigned by LC 1 st indicator = exists in LC catalog 2 nd indicator = assigned by LC or someone else $aclassification number $bmain entry cutter & publication date –090LCC assigned by the rest of us no indicators; same subfields Local free-text call numbers –099Any call # type, with each part separated by $a, to format on separate lines in labels

49 49

50 50 Can we add classification to our “fake books”?

51 51

52 52

53 53

54 54 Four Down, One to Go!

55 55 Yeah!!! You made it!

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