2 What 3 ideas from monotheistic religions helped shape democracy? The duty of the individual and the community to combat oppressionThe worth of the individualThe equality of people before God.
3 Plato believed that in an ideal society the government should be controlled by who? Philosopher kings
4 What feature of modern Western democratic government is reflected in Aristotle’s views in his quote? “He who trust any man with supreme power gives into a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire…”ANSWER: Government’s actions must follow the law.
5 What did Rome contribute politically to the modern world? Laws should be written down and applied equally to all citizens.
6 What made Rome a republic? Roman citizens elected leaders to make government decisions.
7 True or FalseJewish and Christian beliefs differ from Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning the importance of the belief in one God (monotheism).True
8 During the later part of the 1600s, England’s system of government went from an absolute monarchy to what?Constitutional Monarchy
9 What did the Magna Carta protect? Individual Rights!!!!
10 Which Enlightenment thinker believed that people are selfish and wicked? Thomas Hobbes
11 Who believed that people were born with natural rights Who believed that people were born with natural rights? What are those natural rights?John LockeLifeLibertyProperty
12 Which Enlightenment thinker argued that people have the right to rebel against an oppressive government?John Locke
13 Separation of powers was developed by who? Montesquieu
14 True or FalseWhen a country’s constitution requires that branches of government remain independent from one another it is practicing Montesquieu’s “separation of powers.”Answer: TRUE
15 Who believed that the best form of government was one that was freely formed by the people? Rousseau
16 A social contract is what? An agreement between a people and its government.
17 Which Enlightenment thinkers would best support the right of citizens to decide the best form of government?John LockeJean Jacques Rousseau
18 Name 3 things Voltaire fought for. ToleranceFreedom of religious belief/speechReason
19 Name 4 beliefs of Beccaria. Torture should be outlawedThose accused of crimes should have a right to a speedy trialCapital punishment should be outlawedLaws existed to keep order.
20 Who argued that women should devote themselves to education? Mary Wollstonecraft
21 John Locke, The Magna Carta, and the United States Constitution helped develop what? People’s rights and freedoms
22 The Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights did what? Limited the power of the monarchy
23 What did Thomas Jefferson write? = ?The Declaration of Independence
24 Who paid almost all the taxes under the Old Regime? 3rd Estate!!!
25 What sparked the French Revolution? Hints: King Louis XVI offended the 1st and 2nd estate. Both King and Queen had this problem.Excessive spending and taxes. -Financial problems.
26 What didn’t The Declaration of the Rights of Man include? Rights of women!!!!!!
27 Who led the Reign of Terror in revolutionary France? The Committee of Public Safety
28 Why was it possible for a strong leader, such as Napoleon, to take over power in France? There had been TEN YEARS of instability
29 Who used the Scorched Earth Policy? And why did they use it? Russian troops as Napoleon invaded Russia
30 What was one of the outcomes of the Congress of Vienna? Balance of Power!!!!
31 What was the Concert of Europe? And why did it form? An alliance between European powers.Formed to protect against the possibility of revolution
32 The United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man stated that governments must protect what?The rights of the people
33 What other region in the world was affected by the American and French Revolution in the 1800s? Latin America
34 What did the American Revolution produce that the French Revolution did not? A lasting constitution
35 Which Latin American leader liberated much of South America from Spain? Hint: He was influenced by the American and French Revolution, and Enlightenment ideas.Simon Bolivar
36 Which Latin American social/economic class led most of the revolutions in Latin America? Creoles!!!