Presentation on theme: "Quarter One Assessment Study Guide. What 3 ideas from monotheistic religions helped shape democracy? The duty of the individual and the community to combat."— Presentation transcript:
Quarter One Assessment Study Guide
What 3 ideas from monotheistic religions helped shape democracy? The duty of the individual and the community to combat oppression The worth of the individual The equality of people before God.
Plato believed that in an ideal society the government should be controlled by who? Philosopher kings
What feature of modern Western democratic government is reflected in Aristotles views in his quote? He who trust any man with supreme power gives into a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire…He who trust any man with supreme power gives into a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire… ANSWER: Governments actions must follow the law.
What did Rome contribute politically to the modern world? Laws should be written down and applied equally to all citizens.
What made Rome a republic? Roman citizens elected leaders to make government decisions.
True or False Jewish and Christian beliefs differ from Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning the importance of the belief in one God (monotheism). True
During the later part of the 1600s, Englands system of government went from an absolute monarchy to what? Constitutional Monarchy
What did the Magna Carta protect? Individual Rights!!!!
Which Enlightenment thinker believed that people are selfish and wicked? Thomas Hobbes
Who believed that people were born with natural rights? What are those natural rights? John Locke LifeLibertyProperty
Which Enlightenment thinker argued that people have the right to rebel against an oppressive government? John Locke
Separation of powers was developed by who? Montesquieu
True or False When a countrys constitution requires that branches of government remain independent from one another it is practicing Montesquieus separation of powers. Answer: TRUE
Who believed that the best form of government was one that was freely formed by the people? Rousseau
A social contract is what? An agreement between a people and its government.
Which Enlightenment thinkers would best support the right of citizens to decide the best form of government? John Locke Jean Jacques Rousseau
Name 3 things Voltaire fought for. Tolerance Freedom of religious belief/speech Reason
Name 4 beliefs of Beccaria. Torture should be outlawed Those accused of crimes should have a right to a speedy trial Capital punishment should be outlawed Laws existed to keep order.
Who argued that women should devote themselves to education? Mary Wollstonecraft
John Locke, The Magna Carta, and the United States Constitution helped develop what? Peoples rights and freedoms
The Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights did what? Limited the power of the monarchy
What did Thomas Jefferson write? + = ? + = ? The Declaration of Independence
Who paid almost all the taxes under the Old Regime? 3 rd Estate!!!
What sparked the French Revolution? Hints: King Louis XVI offended the 1 st and 2 nd estate. Both King and Queen had this problem. Excessive spending and taxes. -Financial problems.
What didnt The Declaration of the Rights of Man include? Rights of women!!!!!!
Who led the Reign of Terror in revolutionary France? The Committee of Public Safety
Why was it possible for a strong leader, such as Napoleon, to take over power in France? There had been TEN YEARS of instability
Who used the Scorched Earth Policy? And why did they use it? Russian troops as Napoleon invaded Russia
What was one of the outcomes of the Congress of Vienna? Balance of Power!!!!
What was the Concert of Europe? And why did it form? An alliance between European powers. Formed to protect against the possibility of revolution
The United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man stated that governments must protect what? The rights of the people
What other region in the world was affected by the American and French Revolution in the 1800s? Latin America
What did the American Revolution produce that the French Revolution did not? A lasting constitution
Which Latin American leader liberated much of South America from Spain? Hint: He was influenced by the American and French Revolution, and Enlightenment ideas. Simon Bolivar
Which Latin American social/economic class led most of the revolutions in Latin America? Creoles!!!