2What 3 ideas from monotheistic religions helped shape democracy? The duty of the individual and the community to combat oppressionThe worth of the individualThe equality of people before God.
3Plato believed that in an ideal society the government should be controlled by who? Philosopher kings
4What feature of modern Western democratic government is reflected in Aristotle’s views in his quote? “He who trust any man with supreme power gives into a wild beast, for such his appetite sometimes makes him: passion influences those in power, even the best of men, but law is reason without desire…”ANSWER: Government’s actions must follow the law.
5What did Rome contribute politically to the modern world? Laws should be written down and applied equally to all citizens.
6What made Rome a republic? Roman citizens elected leaders to make government decisions.
7True or FalseJewish and Christian beliefs differ from Greco-Roman tradition in matters concerning the importance of the belief in one God (monotheism).True
8During the later part of the 1600s, England’s system of government went from an absolute monarchy to what?Constitutional Monarchy
9What did the Magna Carta protect? Individual Rights!!!!
10Which Enlightenment thinker believed that people are selfish and wicked? Thomas Hobbes
11Who believed that people were born with natural rights Who believed that people were born with natural rights? What are those natural rights?John LockeLifeLibertyProperty
12Which Enlightenment thinker argued that people have the right to rebel against an oppressive government?John Locke
13Separation of powers was developed by who? Montesquieu
14True or FalseWhen a country’s constitution requires that branches of government remain independent from one another it is practicing Montesquieu’s “separation of powers.”Answer: TRUE
15Who believed that the best form of government was one that was freely formed by the people? Rousseau
16A social contract is what? An agreement between a people and its government.
17Which Enlightenment thinkers would best support the right of citizens to decide the best form of government?John LockeJean Jacques Rousseau
18Name 3 things Voltaire fought for. ToleranceFreedom of religious belief/speechReason
19Name 4 beliefs of Beccaria. Torture should be outlawedThose accused of crimes should have a right to a speedy trialCapital punishment should be outlawedLaws existed to keep order.
20Who argued that women should devote themselves to education? Mary Wollstonecraft
21John Locke, The Magna Carta, and the United States Constitution helped develop what? People’s rights and freedoms
22The Magna Carta and the English Bill of Rights did what? Limited the power of the monarchy
23What did Thomas Jefferson write? = ?The Declaration of Independence
24Who paid almost all the taxes under the Old Regime? 3rd Estate!!!
25What sparked the French Revolution? Hints: King Louis XVI offended the 1st and 2nd estate. Both King and Queen had this problem.Excessive spending and taxes. -Financial problems.
26What didn’t The Declaration of the Rights of Man include? Rights of women!!!!!!
27Who led the Reign of Terror in revolutionary France? The Committee of Public Safety
28Why was it possible for a strong leader, such as Napoleon, to take over power in France? There had been TEN YEARS of instability
29Who used the Scorched Earth Policy? And why did they use it? Russian troops as Napoleon invaded Russia
30What was one of the outcomes of the Congress of Vienna? Balance of Power!!!!
31What was the Concert of Europe? And why did it form? An alliance between European powers.Formed to protect against the possibility of revolution
32The United States Declaration of Independence and the French Declaration of the Rights of Man stated that governments must protect what?The rights of the people
33What other region in the world was affected by the American and French Revolution in the 1800s? Latin America
34What did the American Revolution produce that the French Revolution did not? A lasting constitution
35Which Latin American leader liberated much of South America from Spain? Hint: He was influenced by the American and French Revolution, and Enlightenment ideas.Simon Bolivar
36Which Latin American social/economic class led most of the revolutions in Latin America? Creoles!!!