2“Charles” Vocabularyrenounced – gave upinsolently – boldly disrespectfulswaggering – strutting, walking with a bold stepsimultaneously – at the same timeincredulously – with doubt or disbeliefcynically – doubting the sincerity of othersmaneuvered – moved in a planned wayraucous – loud and disorderlyTia’s teacher, Mr. Acevedo, stared at her paper __. The page was covered with drawings but no words. “I have __ language,” declared Tia, “in favor of art.” Mr. Acevedo laughed, but refused to accept the paper. Tia stamped her foot __ and __ started to pout.
3“The Lottery” Vocabulary boisterous – loud, rowdydefiantly – rebelliouslyinterminably – endlesslyjovial – good-humoredparaphernalia – gearperfunctory – “going through the motions” without sincere interestprofusely – abundantlyreprimands – a serious criticismsurveying – examiningThe __football fans loudly celebrated their team’s victory.Bored Juan performed his chores around the house in a __ manner.The __ long concert finally ended after 4 hours.The rebel spit in the colonel’s face and __ refused to surrender.The extremely high temperatures and humidity during their workout caused the runners to sweat __.
4“The Lottery,” continued boisterous – loud, rowdydefiantly – rebelliouslyinterminably – endlesslyjovial – good-humoredparaphernalia – gearperfunctory – “going through the motions” without sincere interestprofusely – abundantlyreprimands – a serious criticismsurveying – examiningThe magician unpacked a whole suitcase of equipment, but she used very little of the __in her act.Willie has been sulking all day and answers __ whenever you ask him a question.After__ the situation, Coach Andrews knew that her only alternative was to send the second team into the game.The __ man was always smiling or quietly chuckling at some joke.If he had to choose a punishment, Chan preferred his father’s loud __ to his mother’s cold silences.
6Mini Lesson #__ “Charles” and “The Lottery” Guiding question: What literary devices does Jackson use to enrich her writing?
7Foreshadowing Early clues to predict how the plot will develop: “Charles”Laurie had to think about the kid’s name.Laurie’s at home behavior wasn’t angelic.Laurie’s excuse for coming home late from school.“The Lottery”Kids gathering stones“the men smiled rather than laughed”“the quiet murmur of conversation”“there was a hesitation before 2 men . . .came forward“[the Watson boy’s] eyes blinked nervously”“[the men] grinned at one another humorlesslyand nervously’“the Watson boy almost knocked the box over”
8Irony A surprising, interesting, or amusing contradiction A situation turns out to be the exact opposite of what’s expectedSituational irony: an event occurs that contradicts the expectations of the characters, the readers, or the audienceLaurie’s mom expects her “angel” to be badly influenced by Charles.Laurie’s mom is anxious to see Charles’s mom at PTAThe “winner” of the lottery is actually the “loser.”
9MoodThe author uses descriptions, character speech, and incidents to create the desired tone for the reader“the fresh warmth of a full-summer day . . .flowers blossoming profusely richly green grass”allowed the villagers to get home for noon dinner“children . . .broke into boisterous play talked of the classroom and the teacher . . .”“men were speaking of planting, rain, tractors, and taxes . . .”[Jackson uses beautiful weather, routine activities, and conversation of villagers as a backdrop for a shocking conclusion.]
10Mini-Lesson # __Guiding question: What are the Elements of Fiction?
11Elements of Fiction Major characters: Characters: persons in a story, novel, poem, or play with certain qualities or personality traits that the reader discovers as the work unfolds.Major characters:directly influence the actions and events taking place in a storyappear frequentlyhave well-developed, complex personalitiesprotagonist: the chief characterantagonist: the rival or opponent of the protagonist
12Plota series of events and actions that take place in a storyThe author creates suspense by relating the events or actions in such a way that a problem is posed at or near the beginning of the story and is not finally resolved until the end
13Plot, continuedexposition: the characters are introduced and their situation is revealednarrative hook: the plot device that captures the reader’s attentioncomplications/rising action: one or more problems arise and the main character experiences conflictclimax: the story’s highest point of interestresolution/falling action: the problems are solved and the main character deals with his conflict
14SettingThe combination of the time and place in which the events occur
15Tone/Mood emotional setting the sound or mood of the narrator’s “voice”the emotions the author expects the reader to experience
16Themethe main idea, central message, or lesson the author is trying to demonstratemay be implied or stated directly“The author is trying to show that . . .”
17Point of Viewthe vantage point from which the author presents the actions of the a storyfirst person narrator: a character in the story is telling the storythird person narrator: an outside observer is telling the storythird person omniscient observer: this outside observer is capable of knowing all, seeing all, and telling all
18Conflict Internal: “man against himself” Involves the struggle between the character and his conscience
19Conflict, continued External “man against nature” involves the struggle between a character and elements of nature that are beyond his control“man against technology”involves the struggle between a character and some technological device“man against man”involves a direct struggle between 2 characters in the story“man against society”involves the struggle between a character and the rules and laws of the society in which he lives
20“The Ransom of Red Chief” Vocabulary diatribe: condemnation, bitter, abusive criticismransom: a price demanded for the return of a kidnap victimpervade: to be present or to be spread throughoutcollaborate: to work together on a projectcomply: to act according to a command, request, or ordersurreptitiously: in a sneaky way, secretlypalatable: acceptable to the taste; able to be eatenproposition: a suggested plancommend: to speak highly of; to praiseimpudent: offensively bold and disrespectfulThe men could not make Red Chief __ with any of Bill’s requests.The men believed the ___ would help them start a new future.Neither Bill nor Sam could ___ Red Chief and his behavior.Red Chief did not want to leave the camp; he thought the food was quite ___.Sam and Bill decided to __ in kidnapping the boy.Sam went into town to drop off the ransom note___.When Sam returned, Bill was exhausted and went into a __ against the entire project.Red Chief could be described as an __ child.The boy’s father responded with a surprising ___.With Red Chief along, an atmosphere of chaos would gradually ____the camp.
21“The Ransom of Red Chief” Mini Lesson #__“The Ransom of Red Chief”by O. HenryGuiding question: What literary devices does O. Henry use to enrich his writing?
22Allusionto refer briefly to another character in history or literature to make a comparisonBiblical allusions:“we heard a kind of war whoop, such as David might have emitted when he knocked out the champion Goliath”small guy conquers the big guy“Sam, do you know who my favorite Biblical character is? King Herod”ordered the execution of all boys in Bethlehem younger that 2 years old (Matthew 2:16)
23Ironya surprising contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens2 kinds: situational and verbalVerbal irony:“a town as flat as a flannel-cake called Summit”summit means “highest point”“a tender lambkin”Johnny is the oppositeSituational irony:“the boy catches Bill neatly in the eye with a piece of brick”you would expect the boy to run away or approach shyly“I never had such fun in all my life”you expect a kidnap victim to miserable“I’ll take you straight home. Now, are you going to be good?”Sam is threatening to take him home as punishment
24“The Lady or the Tiger?” Vocabulary exuberant – vigorous and unrestrainedvalor – courage, braveryassert – to put forward in a forceful or insistent waydecree - an official orderprocure – to obtain or acquiredoleful – sad, mournfulsubordinate – less important or lower in rank, secondaryretribution – punishment for bad behaviorimperious – proud, overbearingdestiny – an unavoidable lot in life, fatemoiety – half, portiondamsels – young women, maidensSynonyms or Antonyms???exuberant enthusiasticvalor cowardiceassert declareprocure losesubordinate primaryretribution punishmentimperious humbledestiny fatedecree proclamationdoleful happy
25“The Kitten” vocabulary tenement – ghetto housingporter – someone paid to carry bagslurk –to stay in/about a place secretlytimidly – shylybloated – swollenremote – distantplaintively –sadlyirked – annoyedliteral – meant to be taken “word for word”gaped –to open the mouthcrouched – to stoop or bend downrash – spoken in angersensibilities –the ability someone has to feel emotionsspawned –producedhorde-groupspade – small shovelgroped – felt for (with your hands)menacing – threatening, scaryreproachful-full of blame or disapproval
26Mini Lesson # __ “The Kitten” by Richard Wright GQ: What literary devicesdoes Wright use to enrichhis writing?
27Point of ViewFirst person narration: the story is told from the point of view of a character in the story“Charles” Laurie’s mom“The Kitten” Richard
28Point of view, continued It is through the eyes of the character that the story unfolds; we learn information only as the character learns itAdvantage: we know intimate details only a participant could knowDisadvantage: we (like the character) get overly involved and lose our objectivity
29The Tell-Tale Heart Vocabulary acute – sharp, keenconceived – thought ofvex – to disturb, annoystifled – smothereddissimulation – a hiding of one’s true feelingssagacity – sound judgment, intelligencedeath watches – deathwatch beetles—wood-burrowing insects that make a tapping sound with their headscrevice – crackstealthily – cautiously, secretlyhellish tattoo – awful drummingwaned – approached its endscantlings – small wooden beams supporting the floorsuavity – smooth courteousnessreposed – restedgesticulations – arm or hand gesturesdissemble – pretendaudacity – shameless daring or boldnessvehemently – with intense emotionderision – ridiculehypocritical – false or deceptive, pretending to be something you’re not
30The Tell-Tale Heart, continued Look for the unrelated word:fearlessness, timidity, cowardice, audacityinsincere, hypocritical, genuine, phonycrest, crevice, crack, crannyplease, vex, gratify, delightstifled, muffled, smothered, heightenedridicule, derision, appreciation, insultpassively, weakly, vehemently, calmlyacute, dull, insensitive, faintcarelessly, quietly, stealthily, cautiouslyforgotten, imagined, conceived, formed
31Mini Lesson #___ “Birthday Ritual: A Grave Tradition” G?: What is the typical structure for front pages of most newspapers?banner or flag: the name of the newspaper usually set off by size, color, special type, or some other design featureheadline: a short, attention-getting titlebyline: the name of the reporterdateline: where a story takes place
32Mini Lesson # __ G?: What makes a news story a news story? may be a headline article (state, national, or international topic )may be a local article (community, town, or city topic)tone fact-based (not opinions), professional, impersonal, detachedUse justified margins (don’t left align, right align, or center)the lead paragraph answersWho was involved?What happened?When?Where?How did it happen?Why was the event important?The remaining paragraphs fill in details
33Rubric for “Evil Machine” Design an Instrument of MeasurementSamples: ruler, compass, scales, gauge, speedometer, measuring cup, thermometer, tape measure, dart board, sports field, report card, graph, price tags, grade book, watch/clock, graduated cylinders, etc.Select a “catchy” titleCompare all 6 characters to show their relative “evilness”Provide at least 25 bullets of support (total)attractive appearancereflection sheet
34The Inner Beast of Man Laurie in “Charles” the community in “The Lottery”the king or the princess in “The Lady or the Tiger?”The narrator of “The Tell-Tale Heart”Richard in “The Kitten”Johnny in “The Ransom of Red Chief”