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The Inner Beast of Man Mini-Lessons.

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1 The Inner Beast of Man Mini-Lessons

2 “Charles” Vocabulary renounced – gave up insolently – boldly disrespectful swaggering – strutting, walking with a bold step simultaneously – at the same time incredulously – with doubt or disbelief cynically – doubting the sincerity of others maneuvered – moved in a planned way raucous – loud and disorderly Tia’s teacher, Mr. Acevedo, stared at her paper __. The page was covered with drawings but no words. “I have __ language,” declared Tia, “in favor of art.” Mr. Acevedo laughed, but refused to accept the paper. Tia stamped her foot __ and __ started to pout.

3 “The Lottery” Vocabulary
boisterous – loud, rowdy defiantly – rebelliously interminably – endlessly jovial – good-humored paraphernalia – gear perfunctory – “going through the motions” without sincere interest profusely – abundantly reprimands – a serious criticism surveying – examining The __football fans loudly celebrated their team’s victory. Bored Juan performed his chores around the house in a __ manner. The __ long concert finally ended after 4 hours. The rebel spit in the colonel’s face and __ refused to surrender. The extremely high temperatures and humidity during their workout caused the runners to sweat __.

4 “The Lottery,” continued
boisterous – loud, rowdy defiantly – rebelliously interminably – endlessly jovial – good-humored paraphernalia – gear perfunctory – “going through the motions” without sincere interest profusely – abundantly reprimands – a serious criticism surveying – examining The magician unpacked a whole suitcase of equipment, but she used very little of the __in her act. Willie has been sulking all day and answers __ whenever you ask him a question. After__ the situation, Coach Andrews knew that her only alternative was to send the second team into the game. The __ man was always smiling or quietly chuckling at some joke. If he had to choose a punishment, Chan preferred his father’s loud __ to his mother’s cold silences.


6 Mini Lesson #__ “Charles” and “The Lottery”
Guiding question: What literary devices does Jackson use to enrich her writing?

7 Foreshadowing Early clues to predict how the plot will develop:
“Charles” Laurie had to think about the kid’s name. Laurie’s at home behavior wasn’t angelic. Laurie’s excuse for coming home late from school. “The Lottery” Kids gathering stones “the men smiled rather than laughed” “the quiet murmur of conversation” “there was a hesitation before 2 men . . . came forward “[the Watson boy’s] eyes blinked nervously” “[the men] grinned at one another humorlessly and nervously’ “the Watson boy almost knocked the box over”

8 Irony A surprising, interesting, or amusing contradiction
A situation turns out to be the exact opposite of what’s expected Situational irony: an event occurs that contradicts the expectations of the characters, the readers, or the audience Laurie’s mom expects her “angel” to be badly influenced by Charles. Laurie’s mom is anxious to see Charles’s mom at PTA The “winner” of the lottery is actually the “loser.”

9 Mood The author uses descriptions, character speech, and incidents to create the desired tone for the reader “the fresh warmth of a full-summer day . . .flowers blossoming profusely richly green grass” allowed the villagers to get home for noon dinner “children . . .broke into boisterous play talked of the classroom and the teacher . . .” “men were speaking of planting, rain, tractors, and taxes . . .” [Jackson uses beautiful weather, routine activities, and conversation of villagers as a backdrop for a shocking conclusion.]

10 Mini-Lesson # __ Guiding question: What are the Elements of Fiction?

11 Elements of Fiction Major characters:
Characters: persons in a story, novel, poem, or play with certain qualities or personality traits that the reader discovers as the work unfolds. Major characters: directly influence the actions and events taking place in a story appear frequently have well-developed, complex personalities protagonist: the chief character antagonist: the rival or opponent of the protagonist

12 Plot a series of events and actions that take place in a story The author creates suspense by relating the events or actions in such a way that a problem is posed at or near the beginning of the story and is not finally resolved until the end

13 Plot, continued exposition: the characters are introduced and their situation is revealed narrative hook: the plot device that captures the reader’s attention complications/rising action: one or more problems arise and the main character experiences conflict climax: the story’s highest point of interest resolution/falling action: the problems are solved and the main character deals with his conflict

14 Setting The combination of the time and place in which the events occur

15 Tone/Mood emotional setting
the sound or mood of the narrator’s “voice” the emotions the author expects the reader to experience

16 Theme the main idea, central message, or lesson the author is trying to demonstrate may be implied or stated directly “The author is trying to show that . . .”

17 Point of View the vantage point from which the author presents the actions of the a story first person narrator: a character in the story is telling the story third person narrator: an outside observer is telling the story third person omniscient observer: this outside observer is capable of knowing all, seeing all, and telling all

18 Conflict Internal: “man against himself”
Involves the struggle between the character and his conscience

19 Conflict, continued External “man against nature”
involves the struggle between a character and elements of nature that are beyond his control “man against technology” involves the struggle between a character and some technological device “man against man” involves a direct struggle between 2 characters in the story “man against society” involves the struggle between a character and the rules and laws of the society in which he lives

20 “The Ransom of Red Chief” Vocabulary
diatribe: condemnation, bitter, abusive criticism ransom: a price demanded for the return of a kidnap victim pervade: to be present or to be spread throughout collaborate: to work together on a project comply: to act according to a command, request, or order surreptitiously: in a sneaky way, secretly palatable: acceptable to the taste; able to be eaten proposition: a suggested plan commend: to speak highly of; to praise impudent: offensively bold and disrespectful The men could not make Red Chief __ with any of Bill’s requests. The men believed the ___ would help them start a new future. Neither Bill nor Sam could ___ Red Chief and his behavior. Red Chief did not want to leave the camp; he thought the food was quite ___. Sam and Bill decided to __ in kidnapping the boy. Sam went into town to drop off the ransom note___. When Sam returned, Bill was exhausted and went into a __ against the entire project. Red Chief could be described as an __ child. The boy’s father responded with a surprising ___. With Red Chief along, an atmosphere of chaos would gradually ____the camp.

21 “The Ransom of Red Chief”
Mini Lesson #__ “The Ransom of Red Chief” by O. Henry Guiding question: What literary devices does O. Henry use to enrich his writing?

22 Allusion to refer briefly to another character in history or literature to make a comparison Biblical allusions: “we heard a kind of war whoop, such as David might have emitted when he knocked out the champion Goliath” small guy conquers the big guy “Sam, do you know who my favorite Biblical character is? King Herod” ordered the execution of all boys in Bethlehem younger that 2 years old (Matthew 2:16)

23 Irony a surprising contrast between what is expected and what actually exists or happens2 kinds: situational and verbal Verbal irony: “a town as flat as a flannel-cake called Summit” summit means “highest point” “a tender lambkin” Johnny is the opposite Situational irony: “the boy catches Bill neatly in the eye with a piece of brick” you would expect the boy to run away or approach shyly “I never had such fun in all my life” you expect a kidnap victim to miserable “I’ll take you straight home. Now, are you going to be good?” Sam is threatening to take him home as punishment

24 “The Lady or the Tiger?” Vocabulary
exuberant – vigorous and unrestrained valor – courage, bravery assert – to put forward in a forceful or insistent way decree - an official order procure – to obtain or acquire doleful – sad, mournful subordinate – less important or lower in rank, secondary retribution – punishment for bad behavior imperious – proud, overbearing destiny – an unavoidable lot in life, fate moiety – half, portion damsels – young women, maidens Synonyms or Antonyms??? exuberant enthusiastic valor cowardice assert declare procure lose subordinate primary retribution punishment imperious humble destiny fate decree proclamation doleful happy

25 “The Kitten” vocabulary
tenement – ghetto housing porter – someone paid to carry bags lurk –to stay in/about a place secretly timidly – shyly bloated – swollen remote – distant plaintively –sadly irked – annoyed literal – meant to be taken “word for word” gaped –to open the mouth crouched – to stoop or bend down rash – spoken in anger sensibilities –the ability someone has to feel emotions spawned –produced horde-group spade – small shovel groped – felt for (with your hands) menacing – threatening, scary reproachful-full of blame or disapproval

26 Mini Lesson # __ “The Kitten” by Richard Wright
GQ: What literary devices does Wright use to enrich his writing?

27 Point of View First person narration: the story is told from the point of view of a character in the story “Charles”  Laurie’s mom “The Kitten”  Richard

28 Point of view, continued
It is through the eyes of the character that the story unfolds; we learn information only as the character learns it Advantage: we know intimate details only a participant could know Disadvantage: we (like the character) get overly involved and lose our objectivity

29 The Tell-Tale Heart Vocabulary
acute – sharp, keen conceived – thought of vex – to disturb, annoy stifled – smothered dissimulation – a hiding of one’s true feelings sagacity – sound judgment, intelligence death watches – deathwatch beetles—wood-burrowing insects that make a tapping sound with their heads crevice – crack stealthily – cautiously, secretly hellish tattoo – awful drumming waned – approached its end scantlings – small wooden beams supporting the floor suavity – smooth courteousness reposed – rested gesticulations – arm or hand gestures dissemble – pretend audacity – shameless daring or boldness vehemently – with intense emotion derision – ridicule hypocritical – false or deceptive, pretending to be something you’re not

30 The Tell-Tale Heart, continued
Look for the unrelated word: fearlessness, timidity, cowardice, audacity insincere, hypocritical, genuine, phony crest, crevice, crack, cranny please, vex, gratify, delight stifled, muffled, smothered, heightened ridicule, derision, appreciation, insult passively, weakly, vehemently, calmly acute, dull, insensitive, faint carelessly, quietly, stealthily, cautiously forgotten, imagined, conceived, formed

31 Mini Lesson #___ “Birthday Ritual: A Grave Tradition”
G?: What is the typical structure for front pages of most newspapers? banner or flag: the name of the newspaper usually set off by size, color, special type, or some other design feature headline: a short, attention-getting title byline: the name of the reporter dateline: where a story takes place

32 Mini Lesson # __ G?: What makes a news story a news story?
may be a headline article (state, national, or international topic ) may be a local article (community, town, or city topic) tone fact-based (not opinions), professional, impersonal, detached Use justified margins (don’t left align, right align, or center) the lead paragraph answers Who was involved? What happened? When? Where? How did it happen? Why was the event important? The remaining paragraphs fill in details

33 Rubric for “Evil Machine”
Design an Instrument of Measurement Samples: ruler, compass, scales, gauge, speedometer, measuring cup, thermometer, tape measure, dart board, sports field, report card, graph, price tags, grade book, watch/clock, graduated cylinders, etc. Select a “catchy” title Compare all 6 characters to show their relative “evilness” Provide at least 25 bullets of support (total) attractive appearance reflection sheet

34 The Inner Beast of Man Laurie in “Charles”
the community in “The Lottery” the king or the princess in “The Lady or the Tiger?” The narrator of “The Tell-Tale Heart” Richard in “The Kitten” Johnny in “The Ransom of Red Chief”

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