Presentation on theme: "English 9 Short Story Notes"— Presentation transcript:
1 English 9 Short Story Notes A review of all the terminology from the last two years...you remember, don’t you?
2 How to Properly Write/Type Titles “Short Stories”“Magazine Articles”“Newspaper Articles”“Poems”“Songs”“Essays”“Chapters in Books”<- The following titles are placed in quotation marks.
3 Novels Plays Magazines Movies Television Shows When writing the following underline: When typing the following italicize:NovelsPlaysMagazinesMoviesTelevision Shows
4 Structural ElementsPlot: series of related events that make up a story.Inciting Incident
5 PlotlineExposition: Introduces the reader to the characters, places, and situations of the story.Inciting Incident (Narrative Hook): The place where the author catches the reader’s attention; establishes conflict.Rising Action: Increase in action/suspense, consists of the conflicts in the story.
6 Plotline continued...Climax: Highest point of interest, the point of no return, the plot must move forward.Denouement (Falling Action): Relates the events that are a result of the climax.Resolution: The outcome of the story: how the conflicts are resolved or not resolved.
7 Conflict:Struggle or clash between opposing characters, forces, or emotions.
8 Types of Conflicts External Conflict Internal Conflict A character struggles against an outside forceA character struggles with forces from within(emotions, desires, needs)
9 Types of Conflict: External Internal A character struggles against an outside force.A character struggles with forces from within (emotions, desires, needs).
10 Examples of Conflict Man vs. Man: Two (2) opposing human forces. E.g. – Two people boxing
11 Examples of Conflict:Man vs. Nature: Man opposing any force other than human.E.g. – A person climbing a mountain.
12 Examples of ConflictMan vs. Himself: Inner conflict; struggle with conscience.E.g. – Someone who feels guilty because he stole money.
13 Examples of Conflict Man vs. Society: Man vs. Laws, Customs, Beliefs. E.g. – People protesting city hall.
14 Examples of Conflict Man vs. Fate: Man vs. His Destiny. E.g. – Someone who, in normal circumstances would be dead, survives or overcomes an obstacle regardless of what happens to him.
15 Examples of ConflictMan vs. Machine/Technology: Man vs. something mechanical.E.g. – Someone who battles a robot.
16 Setting: time and place of the story Time: time of day, day of the week, month, year, season, future, past, present.Place: town, city, state, country, planet; particular area, house or room.
17 Narrator: who is telling the story. Point of View: Vantage point from which a writer tells a story.
18 First Person:The main character is telling the story; only his thoughts are known; uses “I”
19 Second Person:The story tells someone else what they are doing; uses “you”E.g. – Choose Your OwnAdventure Novels
20 Omniscient (“All-Knowing”): The narrator plays no part in the story (third person) but can tell the reader what ALL the characters are thinking and feeling as well as what is happening in other places.
21 Limited Omniscient: Objective: Told in third person by someone in the story; only his thoughts are revealed.Told in third person; none of the characters have their thoughts revealed; reader analyzes characters from actions and words only.Objective:
22 Characterization Indirect Direct Method through which the author reveals facts about the characters.IndirectShows what a character is like:SpeechThoughtsEffect on othersActionsLooksDirectTells the reader what the personality of the character is
23 Characterization Continued... DynamicStaticA character that changes in some wayA character that stays the same
24 Characterization Continued... ProtagonistAntagonistThe leading character or “hero” of a literary work. Moves the plot forward.The one opposed to the protagonist; opponent; adversary
25 Examples Protagonists Antagonists Melinda Sordino Harry Potter Bella SwanPercy JacksonAndy EvansLord VoldermortVampire JamesThe Gods
26 Literary Devices What’s the difference? ElementsTechniquesAlways found in a storyCharactersSettingPoint of viewConflictPlotThemeSometimes found in storyForeshadowingIronyFlashbackAllusionsSymbolism
27 ThemeWhat the author wants you to remember; the moral of the story; what we were to learn.Theme is usually expressed in a complete sentence.
28 Tone Mood The author’s attitude or feeling toward the writing. The feeling the reader gets from a piece of literature.Mood
29 Situational IronyThe character believes something will happen and the opposite occurs.E.g. – The bank robbers were about to cross the state line when their car was hit by a train and killed them.
30 Verbal IronyThe character makes a statement but the opposite is meant; sarcasm.E.g. – “I love doing homework!”
31 Dramatic IronyWhen the audience has important information that the characters do NOT have.E.g. – We know the killer is behind the door; the lady about to open the door does not.