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Bioenergy Research Group 1 Aston University Bioenergy Research Group (BERG) Dr Daniel J. Nowakowski pp. Prof. Anthony V. Bridgwater NEPIC Innovation Day.

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Presentation on theme: "Bioenergy Research Group 1 Aston University Bioenergy Research Group (BERG) Dr Daniel J. Nowakowski pp. Prof. Anthony V. Bridgwater NEPIC Innovation Day."— Presentation transcript:

1 Bioenergy Research Group 1 Aston University Bioenergy Research Group (BERG) Dr Daniel J. Nowakowski pp. Prof. Anthony V. Bridgwater NEPIC Innovation Day Ramside Hall Hotel – Carrville, County Durham,

2 Bioenergy Research Group 2 Objective of BERG To apply chemical engineering science and technology to help provide sufficient energy, fuels and chemicals from renewable and sustainable resources for the needs of today and tomorrow.

3 Bioenergy Research Group 3 Achievements International leader in thermal biomass conversion research Funding of more than £22 million Operational since 1979 Collaborators in 33 countries Partners in 14 countries *

4 Bioenergy Research Group BERG scope and activities Electricity, Heat Chemicals Synthesis Refine Biofuels Biomass production & processing Thermal conversion Processing Integrated bioenergy system Prepare and pretreat Biorefinery Products & Markets Wood, Energy crops, Residues, Wastes Pyrolyse System Upgrade Refine Biological conversion Hydrolyse Ferment Gasify 4

5 Bioenergy Research Group 5 Focus The main focus of our research is fast pyrolysis This is an advanced thermal process that produces up to 75% wt. liquid (bio-oil) from biomass with some byproduct char and gas The liquid can be used for: Power generation in engines and turbines Heat in boilers and co-firing Chemicals directly or via upgrading and separation Energy carrier to reduce handling & storage of biomass Biofuels by upgrading

6 Bioenergy Research Group 5-7 kg/h fast pyrolysis fluid bed 6 Continuous bubbling fluid bed with full computer control Liquid collection by quench and ESP Gas recycle for fluidisation

7 Bioenergy Research Group 1 kg/h fast pyrolysis fluid bed 7

8 Bioenergy Research Group 100 and 300 g/h fluid bed 8 4 continuous fluid beds : 100 g/h to 5-7 kg/h 2 continuous ablative reactors : 4kg/h and ~20kg/h, Hot vapour filter Microwave micro-reactor, Synthesis micro-reactor TGA and Py-GC-MS/FID

9 Bioenergy Research Group 20 kg/h ablative pyrolysis reactor 9 Biomass in Vapours out Char out Heat

10 Bioenergy Research Group 10 Results Three phase chart for blends with bio-butanol Initial Newtonian behaviour Long term stability pending Bio-oil blends with bio-diesel

11 Bioenergy Research Group 11 Other facilities Micro-reactors CDS high pressure and catalyst reactor system Microwave Pressurised synthesis and upgrading reactor Autoclave Analysis and characterisation Extensive facilities for analysis and characterisation of: feedstocks intermediates products

12 Bioenergy Research Group 12 Our contributions to fast pyrolysis Biomass pretreatment and preparation Fast pyrolysis in fluid beds (4 units) and ablative (2 units) Reactor design and modelling Analytical pyrolysis Catalytic pyrolysis Liquid collection and upgrading Extensive liquid analysis and characterisation facilities Chemicals recovery and refining Nitrogenolysis for fertiliser production Biofuel production by Fischer-Tropsch synthesis, zeolites and hydrotreating upgrading of fast pyrolysis products Technical and economic assessment of bioenergy chains for electricity, biofuels, chemicals, biorefineries

13 Bioenergy Research Group 13 Bioenergy chain Biomass Preparation & Pretreatment Thermal conversion Combustion, Gasification, Pyrolysis Power & heat generation Biofuel production & refining Power Heat Biofuels Chemicals Chemicals production Products Biofuel chain

14 Bioenergy Research Group Biofuel chains 14 Gasoline, diesel, kerosene, SNG Refining Methanol synthesis MTG, MOGD, Tigas Mt-Synfuels Syngas Liquid bio-oil Biomass Gasification Zeolite cracking Hydro- treating Fischer Tropsch synthesis Bio-oil Fast pyrolysis Utilities

15 Bioenergy Research Group Fertilisers 15 Nitrogenolysis to Slow Release Fertiliser Pyrolysis Bio-oil Gasification Biomass as energy crops or residues Ammonia synthesis External fertiliser applications Nitrogen source Fuel cell Ammonia based hydrogen storage Fertiliser production

16 Bioenergy Research Group Esters from bio-oil 16 Distillation product after esterification with WD catalyst Raw bio-oil

17 Bioenergy Research Group 1 Resources Marine biomass 6 Systems analysis SUPERGEN Bioenergy II 7 Innovation 2 Characterisation & Pretreatment 8 Newsletter Website Bioenergy Research Forum Showcase Nitrogen 3 Thermal conversion 4 Power & Heat 5 Biofuels & Biorefinery Ammonia 17

18 Bioenergy Research Group 18 Process modelling Processes are being modelled in terms of: Performance Capital cost;Product cost Environment;Socio-economics Variability is considered in terms of: Scale Uncertainty;Learning Process design;System design Objectives include: Impact of pyrolysis as pretreatment method Process route to hydrocarbons Integration with refineries Fertiliser production as Ammonia and Slow release fertiliser

19 Bioenergy Research Group 19 Process model – 3252 processes

20 Bioenergy Research Group 20 European Bioenergy Research Institute BERG is a founder member of EBRI – the European Bioenergy Research Institute EBRI will create a unique platform for the development and implementation of bioenergy systems in local, national and European contexts as well as reaching for International community

21 Bioenergy Research Group 21


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