Nectar in a Sieve Indian Vocabulary Plants & Foods: Brinjals Chakli Dhal Ghee Jaggery
Nectar in a Sieve Indian Vocabulary Beautification: Dhoti Golsu Kohl Kum-Kum
Nectar in a Sieve Indian Vocabulary Miscellaneous Culture: Beedi Bulbul Tara Chowkidar Godown Maidan Namaskar Ollock Pandal Jutka Peons Zemindar
The eggplant, aubergine, melongene or brinjal is a plant of the Nightshades family. It bears a fruit of the same name, commonly used as a vegetable in cooking. As a nightshade, it is closely related to the tomato and potato and is native to Nepal, India, Bangladesh, Pakistan, and Sri Lanka. It grows 16 to 57 in tall, with large coarsely lobed leaves that are 4–8 in long and 2–4 in broad. Semi-wild types can grow much larger, to 7 ft with large leaves over 12 in long and 6 in broad. The stem is often spiny. The flowers are white to purple, with a five-lobed corolla and yellow stamens. The fruit is fleshy, less than 3 cm in diameter on wild plants, but much larger in cultivated forms. The fruit is botanically classified as a berry, and contains numerous small, soft seeds, which are edible, but are bitter.vegetabletomatopotatoNepalIndia BangladeshPakistanSri Lankaleavesspiny flowers corollastamensfruitberryseeds Brinjal
Chakli Murukku (Tamil:, or Muruku in Telugu or Murkoo), known as Chakli in Marathi and Kannada and Chakri in Gujarati, is a savory snack popular in India, Sri Lanka, Fiji, and elsewhere among ethnic Indian populations. Murukku is believed to have originated in Tamil Nadu, with the town of Manapparai best known for it. Murukku is typically made from a mixture of urad and rice flour, salt, and flavourings such as chili, asafoetida, ajawain, or cumin. The mixture is made into a batter, mechanically extruded, formed into a spiral or coil, and fried to a crisp. Murukku can also be rolled into a flat ribbon (ribbon murukku) or shaped by hand (kai murukku).TamilTelugu MarathiKannada GujaratiIndia Sri LankaFijiTamil NaduManapparaiuradrice flourchiliasafoetida ajawaincuminbatterextruded
Dhal Dhal (also spelled Dahl, Dal, or Daal) ( Hindi: Dāl, Nepali: Daal, Bengali: Dāl, Kannada: Bē e, Malayalam: Parippu, Marathi: ā, Tamil: Paruppu, Telugu: Pappu, Dāl, Urdu: دال, Gujarati: ) "Daal" is a preparation of pulses (dried beans, lentils etc.) which have been stripped of their outer hulls and split. It also refers to the thick, generally bland stew prepared from, a mainstay of Indian, Nepali, Pakistani, and Bangladeshi cuisine. It is regularly eaten with rice and vegetables in Southern India, and with both rice and roti (wheat-based flat bread) throughout Northern India & Pakistan. Dal is a mainstay in South Asian vegetarian cooking, since it provides the requisite proteins for a balanced diet. HindiNepaliBengaliKannadaMalayalamMarathiTamilTeluguUrduGujarati pulses IndianNepaliPakistaniBangladeshiroti
Ghee Ghee is a class of clarified butter that originated in South Asia, and is commonly used in South Asian (Indian, Bangladeshi and Pakistani), Middle Eastern (Levantine and Egyptian) and Somali cuisine. Ghee, also known as Clarified Butter in Anglo countries, is made by simmering unsalted butter in a cooking vessel until all water has boiled off and the milk solids, or protein has settled to the bottom. The cooked and clarified butter is then spooned off to avoid disturbing the milk solids on the bottom of the pan. Unlike butter, ghee can be stored for extended periods without refrigeration, provided it is kept in an airtight container to prevent oxidation and remains moisture-free. Texture, color, or taste of ghee depends on the source of the milk from which the butter was made and the extent of boiling.clarified butterSouth AsiaSouth AsianIndianBangladeshiPakistaniMiddle EasternLevantineEgyptianSomali cuisinesimmering butter proteinbutter refrigeration airtightoxidation
Jaggery Jaggery (also transliterated as jaggeree) is a traditional unrefined non-centrifugal sugar consumed in Asia, Africa, Latin America, and the Caribbean. It is a concentrated product of cane juice without separation of the molasses and crystals, and can vary from golden brown to dark brown in color. It contains up to 50% sucrose, up to 20% invert sugars, moisture content of up to 20%, and the remainder made up of other insoluble matter such as ash, proteins and bagasse fibers. Jaggery is comprised of the products of both sugarcane and the palm tree. All types of the sugar come in blocks or pastes of solidified concentrated sugar syrup heated to 200°C. Traditionally, the syrup is made by boiling raw sugarcane juice or palm sap in a large shallow round-bottom vessel.transliterated sugarAsiaAfricaLatin AmericaCaribbeancane juicemolasses sucroseinvert sugars ashproteinsbagasse sugarcanepalm treesyrupsap
Dhoti The Dhotī or Doti in Hindi, is the traditional men's garment in the Indian subcontinent. It is a rectangular piece of unstitched cloth, usually around 7 yards long, wrapped around the waist and the legs, and knotted at the waist. The dhoti is considered formal wear all over the country. Apart from all government and traditional family functions, the dhoti is also considered acceptable at country clubs and at other establishments that enforce strict formal dress codes. The same is true across the Indian subcontinent, particularly in Bangladesh, Sri Lanka, and the Maldives. In many of these countries, the garment has become something of a mascot of cultural assertion, being greatly favored by politicians and cultural figures.HindiIndian subcontinentIndian subcontinentBangladeshSri Lanka Maldives
Golsu Golsu, or Payal pronounced (pie 'al) is a popular Indian name that means anklets in Hindi. A payal is an Indian accessory, traditionally worn by women, on their feet. It's intricacies differ from region to region across the country. Originally made of gold or silver, they have changed over time to accommodate the trends and are also found made of threads of different fibers, plastic and leather. While originally they were made of only pure metals, with intricate designs carved in them, or 'filigri' work, they are also found with semi- precious and precious stones embedded in them. They would also have tiny bells hanging from them, that made a sound as the wearer moved. Used in different forms of dance, they are similar to 'ghungroos' but quieter, and perhaps more "delicate".
Kohl Kohl is a cosmetic similar to mascara. It is typically made by grinding galena (lead sulfide) and other ingredients. It is used predominantly by women (but also some men and children) in the Middle East, North Africa, the Horn of Africa and South Asia to darken the eyelids and as mascara for the eyelashes. It was originally used as protection against eye ailments. There was also a belief that darkening around the eyes would protect one from the harsh rays of the sun. India's oldest caste, the koli, used kohl as a cosmetic. In addition, mothers would apply kohl to their infants' eyes soon after birth. Some did this to "strengthen the child's eyes", and others believed it could prevent the child from being cursed by the evil eye.cosmeticgalenaMiddle East North AfricaHorn of AfricaSouth AsiamascaraeyelashesIndiakolievil eye
Kum-Kum KumKum is a powder used for social and religious markings in Hinduism. It is either made from turmeric or saffron. The turmeric is dried and powdered with a bit of slaked lime, which turns the rich yellow powder into a red color. The kumkum is an auspicious symbol. When a girl or a married woman visits a house, it is a sign of respect to offer them kumkum when they leave. However, it is not offered to widows. When visiting a Hindu temple, married women from southern India usually dip their ring finger in yellow turmeric powder, and apply a dot on their neck. Men, women, girls, and boys apply a dot on their forehead of red turmeric powder, also when visiting a temple or during a pooja. In most of India, everyday, married women apply red kumkum in front of their parting on their forehead as a symbol of marriage.Hinduismturmericsaffron slaked limepooja
A beedi (pronounced / ˈ bi ː di ː /, from Hindi, also spelled bidi) is a thin, South Asian cigarette made of grams of tobacco flake wrapped in a tendu (temburini) leaf and secured with colored thread at both ends. Circa 2000, the beedi accounted for over 30% of Indian tobacco consumption and were more popular than cigarettes, although they deliver more nicotine, carbon monoxide and tar as well as carrying a greater risk of oral cancers. Beedi-rolling is a cottage industry, and is typically done by women in their homes. Due to their relatively low cost, the beedi has long been popular among the poor in South Asia and are called the "poor man's cigarette"./ ˈ bi ː di ː /HindiSouth Asian cigarettetobacconicotinecarbon monoxidetarcottage industrySouth Asia Beedi
Bulbul Tara The Bulbul Tara (Bulbul Tarang) or Indian Banjo is a string instrument from India and Pakistan. Its name literally means "waves of nightingales". The instrument employs two sets of strings, one set for drone, and one for melody. The melody strings run under a key plate with keys similar to those of a piano or more often, typewriter. Depressing the keys as the strings are plucked or strummed activates stops on the key plate which shorten the strings and changes their pitch. The melody strings are commonly tuned to the same note, or in octaves, while the drone strings are tuned to the 1st and 5th of the melody strings. Tuned in this manner, the instrument is uni-tonic, or unable to modulate to new keys. The bulbul tarang is most commonly played as accompaniment to singing.string instrument IndiaPakistanpianotypewritermodulate
Chowkidar chow·ki·dar (plural chow·ki·dars) noun Definition: somebody who keeps watch: somebody employed to guard an area or building
Godown Godown – Noun: A servants quarters. (Living/working space)
Jutka The Jutka is similar to the eka, is a form of wheel-less transportation involving a light carriage with a small canopy serving the purpose of a cabin. Commonly, men have been employed as carriers for this vehicle from the most ancient times. The camel, the mule, the horse, the bullock, the buffalo, yak, and the donkey, have also been employed since prehistoric times for riding, carriages, heavy burdens, and for ploughing field soil. The difference between the female and male yak, and the bull or cow is that they carry from two to three maunds. These animals are sure-footed, hardy, docile, and are used frequently for riding in the snow.
Maidan Maidan [mæ ˈ d ɑː n] noun (Social Science / Human Geography) (In Pakistan, India, etc.) - An open space used for meetings, sports, etc.
Namaskar Namaskar, or Namaste [n ʌ m ʌ s ˈ te ː ], is a common spoken greeting or salutation used in Nepal and India. It has multi- religious or else common usage where it may simply mean "I bow to you". The word is derived from Sanskrit namas, to bow, obeisance, reverential salutation, and te, "to you. When spoken to another person, it is commonly accompanied by a slight bow made with hands pressed together, palms touching and fingers pointed upwards, in front of the chest. This gesture, called Añjali Mudrā, can also be performed wordlessly and carries the same meaning.[n ʌ m ʌ s ˈ te ː ]greetingsalutationNepalIndiaSanskritbow obeisancesalutationAñjali Mudrā
Ollock An Ollock is a measurement of weight. The Ollock is equivalent to 12J cubic inches : 8 Ollocks = 1 Measure or Puddy. 8 Puddies = 1 Maroal. 400 Marcals = 1 Garce. (20 Ollocks are equivalent to 1 English Gallon.) 1 Gallon = 20 Ollocks
Pandal A pandal is a structure, either temporary or permanent, in a religious context. In Hinduism, it is a temporary structure set up to venerate the goddess Durga during Durga Puja. Pandal (mandat in Burmese) also refers to platforms from which people splash water during the Buddhist festival Thingyan. A pandal can also be a ceremonial gate, built to welcome visitors.HinduismDurga Durga Puja Thingyan
Peons Peon – Noun (in India and Sri Lanka) 1. A messenger, attendant, or orderly. 2. A foot soldier or police officer.
Zemindar A Zemindar or Zamindar was an official employed by the Mughals to collect taxes from peasants. The Zamindari System used the existing structure of the bhuiyan land tenure system of the pre-Mughal era by the Mughals as a key economic and political institution to implement the sharia- based Islamic rule over the "zimmis. The practice was continued under British rule with colonial landholders. After independence, however, the system was abolished in India and East Pakistan (present-day Bangladesh); it is still current in modern Pakistan.Mughalspeasants land tenureshariazimmisBritish ruleIndiaEast PakistanBangladeshPakistan