Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 NATURAL PIGMENTS PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 PIGMENTATION ORIGINATED HISTORICALLY The visual appearance is an important characteristic.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 NATURAL PIGMENTS PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 PIGMENTATION ORIGINATED HISTORICALLY The visual appearance is an important characteristic."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 NATURAL PIGMENTS

3 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 PIGMENTATION ORIGINATED HISTORICALLY The visual appearance is an important characteristic for the consumer. Pigmentation is associated with healthy animals and quality products.

4 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 Layers and broilers are unable to synthesise their own pigments. Pigments added to the diet to obtain the desired colour Country preference concerning pigmentation corn producing countries corn contains natural pigments, xanthophylls free range layers grass contains natural pigments, xanthophylls

5 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 PIGMENTATION 1. Analyse the market needs in terms of colours an economic factor 2. The colour of egg yolks from light-yellow to golden-yellow expressed in the Roche Colour Fan score number 3. The colour of the skin and shank of broilers.

6 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 CONTROL OF PIGMENTATION Mainly visual observations They are subjective: individual observations source of light background colour Colour meter Chromatometer 3 Dimensional determination

7 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 PIGMENTS IN INGREDIENTS Average xanthophylls (mg/kg) in raw materials MAIZE SORGHUM WHEAT SOYBEAN MEAL GRASS MEAL ALFALFA MEAL MAIZE GLUTEN FEED MAIZE GLUTEN 60%

8 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 Xanthophyll level varies in raw materials genetic, field and climate effects harvest and storage conditions temperature light time The results on the pigmentation depend on : the xanthophyll content and the deposition rate by the animal. The adaptation period for layers is about 5 days. Pigmentation variables

9 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 Oxidation Vitamin E support the absorption (biological antioxidants) Antioxidants in feed to protect the fat and the xanthophylls from oxidation. The feed intake Stress conditions (temperature, etc.) Diseases Salmonellosis and coccidiosis damage the mucosa of the digestive tract and reduce the absorption of carotenoids. Processing techniques High temperatures may degrade xanthophylls. FACTORS AFFECTING PIGMENTATION

10 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 WHAT ARE NATURAL PIGMENTS Natural Pigments are based on natural Carotenoids mainly used in poultry feed. (fish feed is a new opportinuty). They are obtained from dehydrated, stabilized, homogenized and soaponified Marigold extract (yellow pigments) and Paprica extract (red pigments).

11 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 PRODUCTION 1. Flower Meal production 2. Pelletting : To have a better action of the solvent 3. Oleoresin production and extraction of the solvent (ether) 4. Oleoresin saponification (with Potassium) 5. Adsorption on a dry carrier (for powder products)

12 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 Saponification: Hydroxycarotenoids have to be saponified before being absorbed. Saponification improves the digestibility of the original esterified Tagete and Capsicum xantophylls. Isomerisation: The most bioavailable pigments are on trans form. To reach a higher percent of trans form, flowers are selected genetically. A chemical processing technique called isomerisation (cis to trans) can also be used

13 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 NATURAL and SYNTHETIC Natural for: Yellow skin broilers: natural is preferred because gives a uniform gold pigmentation Vegetal eggs: synthetic pigments are not allowed Pasta eggs: better colour, more uniform and resistant to heat General trend:consumers are moving to natural. Researches show doubts about healthiness of synthetic pigments.

14 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 NATURAL PIGMENTS MARKET Quality: Trans-isomers level Level of saponification (highest as possible) Stability against oxidations (vacuum sealed packaging and antioxidants)

15 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 STABILITY OF NUTRIGOLD YELLOW DRY

16 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 STABILITY OF NUTRIGOLD YELLOW DRY

17 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 STABILITY OF NUTRIGOLD RED DRY

18 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 SYNTHETIC PRODUCTS FOR PIGMENTATION ROCHE Carophyll Yellow (10%)apo-ester Carophyll Red (10%) canthaxanthin BASF Lucantin Yellow (10%) apo-ester Lucantin Red (10%)canthaxanthin Comparison of product efficiency : synthetic : natural = 6 : 1 1 kg synthetic Yellow = 6 kg NUTRI-GOLD YELLOW In broiler diets 8 kg NUTRI-GOLD YELLOW can replace 1 kg synthetic product. In some countries synthetic products are prohibited by law because of safety reasons

19 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 NUTRI-GOLD RED DOSE LEVELS FOR EGG YOLK PIGMENTATION NUTRI-GOLD RED ROCHE COLOUR FANwheat-based *maize-based 30%maize-based 50% * NUTRI-GOLD YELLOW at 150 g/tonne added for yellow xantophyll level

20 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 Pigment dosage in active component considering the requested yolk color

21 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 Pigment dosage considering the requested yolk color *Lower value for lower end of the color range

22 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 Several diets are normally used; A starter, grower and finisher diet. It is efficient to have lower xanthophyll levels in the starter - and higher levels in the finisher diet BROILER DIETS WITH XANTHOPHYLLS FOR A GOLDEN YELLOW SKIN COLOUR Example of dosage recommendation : Starter diet - No NUTR-GOLD YELLOW dry Grower diet kg/t NUTR-GOLD YELLOW dry Finisher diet kg/t NUTR-GOLD YELLOW dry The dosage depends on the natural (ca. 15 ppm) xanthophyll level, body weight, feed conversion.For more intensive pigmentation small amounts of red pigments can be added. ( kg/tonne NUTRI- GOLD RED)

23 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 EGG YOLK COLOURS ROCHE COLOUR FAN LUCANTIN CX FORTE g/tonne Trial in UK Wheat based layer diet (3mg/kg Xantophylls) WHEAT BASED DIET g/ton NUTRI-GOLD YELLOW DRY

24 PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02

25

26

27


Download ppt "PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 NATURAL PIGMENTS PRES/Pigments/1 DD 14/11/02 PIGMENTATION ORIGINATED HISTORICALLY The visual appearance is an important characteristic."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google