Presentation on theme: "Why and How College Athletes Should be Paid"— Presentation transcript:
1Why and How College Athletes Should be Paid Student E
2Why and How College Athletes Should be Paid Kevin Ware’s Injury & ExploitationReasons that college athletes are not paidResponseReasons colleges athletes should be paidPopular proposed systemSolutionQuestionsWorks Cited
5Reasons Athletes are Not Paid NCAA Considers them amateurs – “Student First”“Student-Athlete”Ernest Nemeth vs. University of Denver – Colorado Supreme Court, 1953 (McCormick)“Prevent the dreaded notion that NCAA athletes could be thought of as employees” – NCAA Exec. Dir. Walter Byers (qtd. in McCormick)Response“Student First” claim is untrueAthletes pick classes and majors around sports schedule (Cooper)Western Oklahoma State College (Wolverton)Athletes are employees (McCormick)Control, economic relationship, work leads to profit
6Reasons Athletes are Not Paid Scholarships can be worth $80,000 and $150,000 (Ford)Many see this as fair paymentMost college athletes receive no scholarship money (Ford)Scholarship value does not compare to revenue that the players bring their schools (Miller)Many believe the massive amounts that athletes make as professionals justifies the fact that they are not paid in collegeMost college athletes do not play professional sports (“NCAA Public Service Announcement”)
7Why College Athletes Should be Paid Ticket sales and broadcasting rights bring in massive sums of moneyMichigan Football sold $70 million worth of tickets in 2011 (Michigan Ticket Prices; NCAA Attendance Report)NCAA makes $125 million a year for broadcasting rights to BCS gamesNCAA makes $771 million a year for broadcasting rights to NCAA TournamentNCAA and schools profit from jersey salesSchools only sell jerseys with numbers of star playersProfessional athletes are paid for sales of their jerseys
8Why College Athletes Should be Paid Division I College Athlete Graduation rates(NCAA Research Staff)
9Why College Athletes Should be Paid Paying athletes will raise graduation ratesCollege athletes have no time to make moneyTalented football and basketball players leave school early to play professionallyNBA Draft Statistics (NBA Draft History)Last college graduate selected first: Kenyon Martin in 2000None of the first 16 picks in 2012 graduated9 of the last 10 American-born first overall picks attended college for 1 year or lessIf the athletes were paid in school, they would have less reason to leave school early, and more would graduate.
10Popular Proposed System Universities directly pay the studentsFlat pay rate for all playersSchools without funds to pay players could cut less popular sports and decrease the amount of scholarships to make more money available (Dohrmann)Not an ideal scenario
11SolutionRemove rules preventing college athletes from making money off of their name and likenessNCAA will be able to use player names for sales, and the players will receive a portionThis will increase:Jersey and t-shirt salesVideogame salesAllow players to sign endorsement dealsAthletic companies would be willing to pay college athletes to appear in advertisementsCould lead to a step toward parity
12ConclusionCollege athletes put in hours of work and make millions for their schools, often risking their health and well-being.These athletes need to be paid, and the best possible solution is to lift some of the rules that prevent players from being able to make money.
13Questions Do you agree that college athletes should be paid? Do you agree that the best way to pay them is by allowing them to make money from sales and endorsements?
14Works CitedCooper, Kenneth J. "Should College Athletes Be Paid to Play? Michigan State Law Professors Robert and Amy McCormick Say Division I Athletes Qualify as 'Employees' Under Federal Labor Laws." Diverse Issues in Higher Education (2011): 12. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 21 FebDohrmann, George. “Pay for Play.” Sports Illustrated (2011): Academic Search Elite. Web. 28 MarFord, William J. “Even Playing Field? Winning Athletic Program Can Bring Millions of Dollars and Instant Notoriety to A School. But Some Say College Athletes are Getting Played in the Process.” Diverse Issues in Higher Education 28.6 (2011): 11. Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 21 Feb. 2013Hayes, Chris. “Fat Profits at NCAA while Athletes Play for Free.” msnbc. 1 Apr Web. 3 Apr“Kevin Ware T-shirts Pulled by Adidas.” Sporting News. 5. Apr Web. 9 Apr“Michigan Athletics Announces Ticket Prices for 2011 Season.” MGoBlue. University of Michigan, 14 Mar Web. 21 Feb 2013.
15Works CitedMiller, Anthony W. “NCAA Division I Athletics: Amateurism and Exploitation.” The Sport Journal 14.1 (2011). Academic OneFile. Web. 21 Feb“NBA Draft History.” National Basketball Association. 26 Feb Web. 6 MarNCAA. “NCAA Public Service Announcement.” Online video clip. YouTube, 24 Apr Web. 16 Apr“NCAA Accumulated Attendance Report.” Oracle Reports. 10 Jan Web. 21 Feb 2013.NCAA Research Staff. “Trends in Graduation-Success Rates and Federal Graduation Rates at NCAA Division I Institutions.” National Collegiate Athletic Association. Oct Web. 4 AprWolverton, Brad. "Need 3 Quick Credits to Play Ball? Call Western Oklahoma." The Chronicle of Higher Education 59.12 (2012). Expanded Academic ASAP. Web. 21 Mar