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An Overview Gothic architecture began as a spinoff of Norman design in the 1200s, but rapidly grew and developed a separate identity over the next few.

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Presentation on theme: "An Overview Gothic architecture began as a spinoff of Norman design in the 1200s, but rapidly grew and developed a separate identity over the next few."— Presentation transcript:

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2 An Overview Gothic architecture began as a spinoff of Norman design in the 1200s, but rapidly grew and developed a separate identity over the next few hundred years The massive stone cathedrals took years, money, and labor to build, but they represented a new height of architectural prowess and rich culture

3 Defining Gothic Gothic cathedrals represented a significant architectural shift Gothic architecture tended to be dramatically tall and elaborate; its features were designed to point upwards in praise God Huge arches and high ceilings made worshippers feel connected to God

4 Architectural Purpose The cathedrals were built upon the idea that the worshippers needed to feel close to God Previous churches were dark, gloomy, and relatively low to the ground Gothic-style arches and great height were atypical in cathedrals of the time, but they gave church members a new sense of connectedness

5 Rose Windows Rose windows were among the most distinctive features of the Gothic style These huge, circular windows were built on a pattern of stone tracery The stained glass in between the stone spokes could depict familiar Biblical scenes, but were often simply colorful decoration These windows served to illuminate and decorate the huge buildings

6 Flying Buttresses Flying buttresses were developed for architectural purposes, but soon came to distinguish Gothic art They were stone extensions from the walls that spread the considerable weight of the cathedrals walls to the ground This allowed for taller and heavier cathedrals They were often ornately decorated as well, and gave the cathedrals a light, upward- sweeping look

7 Interior Atmosphere Cathedral interiors were large and breezy due to the spectacular height of the buildings Stained glass windows prevented them from having a gloomy atmosphere Huge columns further added to the impression of height Detailed sculptures and carvings covered the walls

8 Gargoyles Gargoyles were an especially memorable feature These stone heads protruded from the walls all over the outside of the building The heads were usually grotesque and disturbing, meant to both keep the people properly frightened of demons and to represent the demons themselves On a practical note, the heads also spat rainwater from the roof

9 Stonework The complex carvings that decorated both the interior and exterior of the cathedrals required years of labor and multiple stonemasons Biblical scenes and figures were recreated in stone The façade of the cathedral in particular was highly detailed and ornate

10 Arches The heavy stone ceilings of the cathedrals required a lot of support, much of which was provided by large pointed arches The arches spread the weight and prevented the ceilings from collapsing They were also extremely striking and could be decorative

11 Vaulted Ceilings Vaulted ceilings were created by creating a basic framework of stone vault ribs to help distribute ceiling weight to the walls They were similar to arches but did not stand alone They allowed the ceilings to be unusually high and gave the cathedrals an airy atmosphere

12 Pinnacles and Turrets Although flying buttresses shifted weight from the walls, they could push too far sideways and collapse This was corrected by small but heavy pinnacles, which were essentially small spires Pinnacles were also aesthetically appealing, contributing to the upward-sweeping theme of Gothic architecture Turrets were similar, like small towers

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17 Sources edia.org%2Fwiki%2FGargoyle&h=0&w=0&sz=1&tbnid=B1- 2lfzLNHl4eM&tbnh=261&tbnw=193&zoom=1&docid=pXaXgioMTbJUSM&ei=s pLoUvzUJcnN2wWHsIHQDg&ved=0CAIQsCUoAA edia.org%2Fwiki%2FGargoyle&h=0&w=0&sz=1&tbnid=B1- 2lfzLNHl4eM&tbnh=261&tbnw=193&zoom=1&docid=pXaXgioMTbJUSM&ei=s pLoUvzUJcnN2wWHsIHQDg&ved=0CAIQsCUoAA ploring- castles.com%2Fcharacteristics_of_gothic_architecture_2.html&h=0&w=0&sz= 1&tbnid=V9QdqUl6kCSSIM&tbnh=194&tbnw=259&zoom=1&docid=ryB6zUw8 FrCOYM&ei=spLoUvzUJcnN2wWHsIHQDg&ved=0CAgQsCUoAg ploring- castles.com%2Fcharacteristics_of_gothic_architecture_2.html&h=0&w=0&sz= 1&tbnid=V9QdqUl6kCSSIM&tbnh=194&tbnw=259&zoom=1&docid=ryB6zUw8 FrCOYM&ei=spLoUvzUJcnN2wWHsIHQDg&ved=0CAgQsCUoAg castles.com/characteristics_of_gothic_architecture.html castles.com/characteristics_of_gothic_architecture.html


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