2Transformative Classroom Management Webinar #7 of 12Creating a Social Contract and Logical ConsequencesVirginia Department of EducationOffice of School Improvement
3Transformative Classroom Management Series Series of Twelve SessionsFacilitator and Participant GuideClips of Skills in PracticeOther ResourcesVirginia Department of Education Website
4VDOE Guidelines for Uniform Performance Standards and Evaluation Criteria for Teachers Offers professional development for Performance Standard 5: Learning Environment
5Transformative Classroom Management (TCM) Professional Development Series Data shows Transformation Classroom Practices Increase AchievementMoving up the Function ContinuumClassroom Environment and Social LearningCreating Clear and Effective Classroom ExpectationsThe Technical Management of a ClassroomMotivating Students to LearnCreating a Class Social Contract and Logical ConsequencesImplementing a Consequence and Dealing with Power StrugglesInstruction – Assessment - Management ConnectionFacilitating Effective Cooperative LearningSucceeding with Challenging StudentsCreating the 1-Style Classroom
6Purpose The purpose of the seventh webinar is to: Explore the nature of social bonds among the students in a classExamine a system for facilitating the process of creating a social contract within the class
7Presenter - John Shindler Dr. John Shindler is a Professor of Education at California State University, Los Angeles, and the Director of the Alliance for the Study of School Climate.
8Today’s Agenda Welcome and reflections from webinar six Understanding the nature of social bonds and building a process for creating a social contract within the classUnderstand the difference between consequences and punishmentsReflections and Activities (See TCM Guidebook)
9The Bonds in our Class Why do your students do as you ask? Why do they treat each other well?What bonds them?SocialCommunalWhere do those bonds exist? And how will/do we see evidence of them?
10What is our Class as a Collective? What are your goals for your class as a unit/collective?What is your system of rules and consequences?Where is it all going for you?To a simple recognition that there are rules and consequences?Toward increased responsibility?Toward a long-term goal (i.e., community, or self-direction)?
11Rules vs. ExpectationsWhat is the difference between a rule and a generally accepted classroom expectation?Will you have rules in your class?You have dozens of expectations, how will you communicate those? (refer to webinar four)What will you put in written form?How will you feel confident that your students know your rules and expectations?
12Social ContractWhat is the difference between a social contract and teacher imposed rules?A social contract is an explicit agreement among participants – rules are imposed upon participants.A social contract is developed by participants – rules are given by the teacher.A social contract exists in the hearts and minds of the participants – rules exit on the wall.
13Creating Your Social Contract Few Rules (and constant clarification of the many expectations)Positively StatedStudent InvolvementLogical and Related ConsequencesYour Role?
14What is your Role?What is your role in the collective of your class(es)?Are you . . .The Enforcer?The Boss?The Parent?The Facilitator?The Watch Maker?The Leader?The Cheerleader?Other?
15ConsequencesWhat do we do when students break rules, cross boundaries, violate expectations?What if we do nothing - what is the problem?What if we are inconsistent - what is the problem?
16Consequences vs. Punishments Reflect on the story of Student and BusWhat is the nature of a consequence? The nature of a punishment?LOC?Long-term effects?Influence on behavior change?
17Consequences vs. Punishments: A Comparison Intend to teach lessonsIntend to give discomfortFoster internal locus of controlFoster external locus of controlAre proactiveAre reactiveAre logical and relatedAre unrelated and personalWork in the long-termWork in the short-termPromote responsibilityCan promote obedience (but more likely resentment)
18Sometimes it is not the what but the how that defines things. Case ExampleTeacher reviews with the students. After a few minutes, the teacher hears talking. He tells them, “There is too much talking right now.” After a couple of minutes, talking continues so he tells them, “If you keep talking I am going to give you the test.” After a few minutes the teacher again becomes frustrated with the amount of talking and says, “That’s it, you are getting the test now!” As he passes out the test he angrily tells the students that if they talk during the exam, they will “get a big fat 0!”Where are the consequences in this intervention and where are the punishments? What could the teacher have done differently?
19What are Our Student Used to? If students are used to crime and punishment and punitive kinds of interventions, what does that imply for us? Should we give them what they are used to (and probably respond most compliantly to)? If we do, are we promoting their “negative identities” and “failure psychologies?” What should we do instead?
21Levels of Problems Level of Problem Description Level I Students do things that reflect unconscious mistakes, bad habits, laziness, bad judgments. They are not serious, but if ignored will grow.Level IIStudents consciously violate rules and expectations, or exhibit a pattern of deeply conditioned dysfunctional behavior.Level IIIStudent come to us with organic problems with attention or emotional control.
22Upcoming TCM WebinarsThe next webinar in the series provides an explanation of how to implement the social contract and its consequences and what to do if a student were to reject the contract.Data shows Transformation Classroom Practices Increase AchievementMoving up the Function ContinuumClassroom Environment and Social LearningCreating Clear and Effective Classroom ExpectationsThe Technical Management of a ClassroomMotivating Students to LearnCreating a Class Social Contract and Logical ConsequencesImplementing a Consequence and Dealing with Power StrugglesInstruction – Assessment - Management ConnectionFacilitating Effective Cooperative LearningSucceeding with Challenging StudentsCreating the 1-Style Classroom
23ReferencesShindler, J. (2010) Transformative Classroom Management. Jossey-Bass. San Francisco, CA