Presentation on theme: "THE ROARING TWENTIES 1920s Life A time of revolutionary change and great advancement. Entire country was casting off their inhibitions."— Presentation transcript:
THE ROARING TWENTIES
1920s Life A time of revolutionary change and great advancement. Entire country was casting off their inhibitions
INVENTIONS Peanut Butter Band Aid 3-D Movie Vacuum Cleaners Hair Dryer Refrigerators Traffic Light Kool-Aid (1927) Washing Machines Plastics Toaster Bulldozer Lie Detector Canned Food
AUTOMOBILES The Ford Model T Assembly Line 40-45 mph Only in Black - 1925
The First Transatlantic Flight
The Radio Was the T.V. of the 1920s Was the latest technology Listen to comedy shows, news, live events, jazz, variety shows, drama, opera…you name it! People tuned in every day to listen. By the end of the 1920s millions of people were listening to Hockey Night in Canada
1920s Fashion The corset was discarded The corset was discarded Legs were seen Legs were seen Hemlines rose Hemlines rose New and colorful fabrics New and colorful fabrics Dresses were lighter and brighter Dresses were lighter and brighter Women embrace inexpensive ready-made clothes as mass production of contemporary clothing becomes common. Women embrace inexpensive ready-made clothes as mass production of contemporary clothing becomes common.
Womens Swimwear Conservative but showed more skin Made out of wool Sleeveless Usually worn with a bathing cap Figure hugging
The Bob Was first considered scandalous. During war, women would cut their hair for sanitary purposes and convenience. Act of rebellion. Men did not like it…not motherly!
The Flapper Had short sleek hair and a short skirt. Flat chest Wore make-up in public – it was acceptable for the first time for women to wear lipstick, rouge, and mascara. Smoked a long cigarette Exposed body Image of a rebel
Vogue Cover Growing trend of women driving for fun and necessity. Women were previously viewed as being too weak and unable to operate complex machinery. That began to change!!
Mens Fashion Men wanted to look more youthful and athletic. Suits became popular due to famous gangsters like Al Capone.
Leather Driving Jackets An enormous craze for leather driving jackets was inspired by the famous aviator Charles Lindbergh.
Prohibition On January 16, 1920, the Eighteenth Amendment banning the sale, manufacture or transportation of "intoxicating liquor" took effect.
Cartoon Supporting Prohibition
Notice of Closure Signs put on businesses that were caught selling illegal alcohol.
Response of the Authorities?
Bootlegging The illegal sale of alcohol. An rise in crime.
The Speak Easy Establishments and underground bars that sold illegal alcohol. Speak Easies came in a number of disguises like funeral homes with a secret entrance....where everyone drank 100 proof "coffee". These disguises were known as fronts and often had big gorillas as doormen waiting behind a sliding panel to hear the password.
Flapper hides flask in garters. Many people would bring their own alcohol to Speak Easy establishments. They would hide alcohol in their garters or inside their coats.
Prohibition Gangsters Al Capone
Organized Crime Prohibition caused the explosive growth of crime which increases the amount of alcohol consumption. The Golden Age for the mob.
Gangsters Alphonse Gabriel Capone (1899-1947) Scarface An Italian gangster who led a crime syndicate dedicated to smuggling and bootlegging of liquor and other illegal activities.
The 20s is The Jazz Age The 20s is The Jazz Age The Flappers make up cigarettes short skirts Musicians Louis Armstrong Duke Ellington Writers F. Scott Fitzgerald Ernest Hemingway
Jazz The African-American style of music known as jazz was born in the southern USA. During the 1920s, it put down roots in northern cities such as Chicago and Toronto and developed a firm following among young whites. New dances reflected the pursuit of fun and excitement. The most famous dance craze was the Charleston – totally unlike anything seen in polite white society before.
Hollywood Charlie Chaplin was known as the best comedian ever. Popular for his silent films. Harry Houdini was known as a famous magician. He performed many amazing magic tricks that left many people amazed.
The Jazz Singer Each week up to 100,000,000 people, nearly eighty percent of the country's total population, went to the movies. The Jazz Singer was the first talking motion picture (1927). By 1929, the talkies were driving silent pictures off the screen.
Culture Era of the Group of Seven. They painted the northern landscapes in bold colors and thick brush strokes. Emily Carr, though not a member of the Group of Seven, painted Aboriginal life in British Columbia.
Sports In sports, athletes were being identified as heroes for the first time in history.
Babe Ruth George Herman Ruth Jr. 1895-1948 Known as The Sultan of Swat & The Bambino. Named the greatest baseball player in history. Hit 60 home runs.
Women & Sports 1920s was an active period for women in sports. Both male and female Canadian athletes won several gold metals at the 1928 Amsterdam Olympics. U of Ts woman hockey team did extremely well and won all but one of the provincial champions.
1920's also brought about great changes for women... 1920's also brought about great changes for women... 1918 gave them the federal vote 1918 gave them the federal vote after 1920, social circumstances changed as more women worked outside the home after 1920, social circumstances changed as more women worked outside the home more women went to university and clamoured to join the professions more women went to university and clamoured to join the professions women didn't want to sacrifice wartime gains - amounted to a social revolt women didn't want to sacrifice wartime gains - amounted to a social revolt characterized by the FLAPPER/ "new woman" characterized by the FLAPPER/ "new woman" (bobbed hair, short dresses, smoked in public...) (bobbed hair, short dresses, smoked in public...)
Womens Suffrage The right for female equality and the right to vote. Women were finally considered people in the eyes of the law with the passing of the 19 th Amendment in 1929. Yet, women still were thought of as equals by the general population of males.
Womens Temperance Movement Group campaigned against drinking and attempted to get the sale of alcohol banned in Canada.
Working Women The belief was that women should not work once she married and had children. Women had a little more freedom in the workforce. Worked alongside men. Still got paid less than men
Women & Education Universities began to offer more previously not available to women. As a response, Universities hired more female faculty. Females could earn degrees in areas once traditionally male-dominated. Dr. Kathleen Braithwaite- Sanborn was the first woman to graduate from Medical School.
Social Changes Life expectancy rose by five years (from 55 to 60), the largest gain for any decade in American history. (Male 53.6, Female 54.6) Life expectancy rose by five years (from 55 to 60), the largest gain for any decade in American history. (Male 53.6, Female 54.6) The percentage of Americans with a high school diploma doubled. The percentage of Americans with a high school diploma doubled. Daily eating habits were changing too: the average American ate seventy-five pounds a year less than in 1910. Daily eating habits were changing too: the average American ate seventy-five pounds a year less than in 1910. Thin was in and advertisements emphasized beauty, youth and thinness. Thin was in and advertisements emphasized beauty, youth and thinness. Labor saving devices liberated women from the kitchen and the home. Labor saving devices liberated women from the kitchen and the home. Safe, reliable contraceptives (Planned Parenthood). Safe, reliable contraceptives (Planned Parenthood). Average annual earning $1236. Average annual earning $1236.
Terminology Be on the nut: To be broke Be on the nut: To be broke Beef: problem Beef: problem Big Cheese, Big Shot - The boss. Someone of importance and influence Big Cheese, Big Shot - The boss. Someone of importance and influence Chick: Woman Chick: Woman Junkie: Drug addict Junkie: Drug addict Lettuce: Folding money Lettuce: Folding money Tea: Marijuana Tea: Marijuana
Age of Prosperity Economic Economic expansion Mass Mass Production Assembly Assembly Line Age Age of the Automobile Ailing Ailing Agriculture…
Celebrities Charles Lindbergh The Spirit of St. Louis Babe Ruth Lionel Conacher King Clancy Bobbie Rosenfeld
The Ku Klux Klan Great increase In power Anti-black Anti-immigrant Anti-womens suffrage Anti-bootleggers Anti-Semitic Anti-Catholic Chapters in Canada!
Scopes Monkey Trial Evolution vs. Creationism Dayton, Tennessee Science vs. Religion John Scopes High School Biology teacher