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Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Fibers All fabrics are made from small, hair-like fibers Fibers can be separated into two categories –Natural –Synthetic.

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Presentation on theme: "Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Fibers All fabrics are made from small, hair-like fibers Fibers can be separated into two categories –Natural –Synthetic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers

2 Fibers All fabrics are made from small, hair-like fibers Fibers can be separated into two categories –Natural –Synthetic (manufactured)

3 Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals –Animals = protein fibers –Plants = cellulosic fibers General Characteristics –Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) –Comfortable to wear –Most wrinkle easily –Durable

4 Natural Fibers Cotton Flax (Linen) Wool Silk Ramie Leather Specialty –Mohair (goat) –Camel –Cashmere (goat) –Angora (rabbit –Llama Can be expensive….Why? –Hard to collect and process

5 Cotton Advantages Strong, durable Soft Absorbs moisture Breathes well Washes easily Cheap

6 Cotton disadvantages Mildews Does not spring back into shape Wrinkles easily Burns readily Shrinks

7 Care of Cotton Machine washable May shrink if washed or dried at high temperatures Iron at high temperature

8 Blouses Dresses Skirts Underwear Shirts Jeans Sportswear Clothing/Fashion Uses

9 Flax (Linen) Advantages STRONG Absorbs moisture Comfortable in warm weather Washes easily

10 Linen disadvantages Mildews WRINKLES Burns easily Shrinks

11 Care of Linen Wash or Dry Clean, CHECK LABEL Iron at HIGH temperature

12 Clothing/Fashion uses Blouses Dresses Skirts Suits

13 Wool Advantages WARM Durable ABSORBENT Dyes well Resilient (returns to original shape quickly) – very elastic due to natural crimp Resists wrinkling Fire Retardant

14 Wool Disadvantages Requires special care Shrinks sometimes if washed, or dried in dryer Absorbs odors Requires protection against insects (moths)

15 Care of Wool Dry Clean or Hand Wash and Dry flat Iron at low temperature

16 Knit garments Sweaters Gloves Skirts Coats Sportswear Socks Suits slacks Clothing/Fashion uses

17 Silk Advantages Smooth Lustrous Strong Dries quickly Luxurious Drapable, soft Resists mildew Resists wrinkles

18 Silk Disadvantages Shows water spots (sweat, perfumes, hairspray) Sensitive to light

19 Care of silk Dry clean or handwash, check label Iron wrong side at low temperature

20 Skirts Blouses Dresses Neckties Scarves Lingerie Sweaters Clothing/Fashion uses

21 Synthetic (Manufactured) Fibers Made in factories from raw materials –Fibrous substance found in plants = cellulosic –Chemicals = noncellulosic Characteristics –Hydrophobic (water resistant) –Promote static cling –Heat Sensitive –Many pill –Most are wrinkle resistant

22 Synthetic Fibers Acetate Acrylic Nylon Polyester Rayon Spandex (Lycra) Aramid (Kevlar, Nomex) Olefin Triacetate Modacrylic

23 Rayon Advantages Soft and comfortable High moisture absorbency Drapeable Dyes well Good sheen

24 Rayon disadvantages May wrinkle, stretch, or shrink May mildew Lacks strength Heat sensitive

25 Care of Rayon Usually machine washable Retains appearance better if dry cleaned Iron at low temperature

26 Dresses Skirts Lingerie Blouses Clothing/Fashion uses

27 Nylon Advantages Very Strong Resilient Lustrous Dries quickly

28 Nylon disadvantages May yellow or gray Builds up static cling Heat Sensitive Low moisture absorbency

29 Care of Nylon Easily laundered Fabric softener to reduce static Iron at low temperature

30 Sportswear Jackets Raincoats Backpacks Purses Clothing/Fashion uses

31 Polyester advantages Excellent WRINKLE RESISTANCE Resistant to abrasion Dries quickly Blends well with other fibers Retains heat-set pleats and creases

32 Polyester Disadvantages Absorbs oily stains Builds up static electricity Low absorbency of moisture

33 Care of Polyester Remove oily stains immediately Easily laundered Use fabric softener to reduce static Needs little or no pressing

34 Clothing/Fashion uses Pants Shirts Suits Sportswear Skirts

35 Acrylic Advantages Soft Warm Wool-like Light weight Wrinkle resistant Resistant to moths and sunlight Retains shape

36 Acrylic Disadvantages Pills Static electricity Does not absorb moisture Heat sensitive

37 Care of Acrylic Machine washable Use fabric softener to reduce static cling Iron at low temperature

38 Sweaters Knit garments Faux Fur Coats Pants Skirts Shoe soles Clothing/Fashion uses

39 Fabric Blends Created to utilize the positive characteristics of each fiber –Usually one natural and one synthetic Example: –Polyester/cotton blend More wrinkle resistant, stronger, and mildew resistant

40 The End…


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