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Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers
Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals General Characteristics –Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) –Most wrinkle easily
Natural Fibers Cotton Flax (Linen) Wool Silk Ramie Leather
Cotton advantages Strong, durable Soft Absorbs moisture Breathes well Washes easily
Cotton disadvantages Mildews Does not spring back into shape Wrinkles easily Burns readily Shrinks
Blouses Dresses Skirts Underwear Shirts Jeans Sportswear Clothing/Fashion uses
Care of Cotton Wash in washer and dry Iron at high temperature
Flax (Linen) Advantages STRONG Absorbs moisture Comfortable in warm weather Washes easily
Linen disadvantages Mildews WRINKLES Burns easily
Clothing/Fashion uses Blouses Dresses Skirts Suits
Care of Linen Wash or Dry Clean, CHECK LABEL Iron at HIGH temperature
Wool Advantages WARM Durable ABSORBENT Resilient (returns to original shape quickly) Resists wrinkling Fire Retardant
Wool Disadvantages Requires special care Shrinks sometimes if washed, or dried in dryer Absorbs odors Requires protection against insects
Knit garments Sweaters Gloves Skirts Coats Sportswear Socks Suits slacks Clothing/Fashion uses
Care of Wool Dry Clean or Hand Wash and Dry flat Iron at low temperature
Silk Advantages Smooth Lustrous Strong Dries quickly
Silk Disadvantages Shows water spots Iron at low temperature
Skirts Blouses Dresses Neckties Scarves Lingerie Sweaters Clothing/Fashion uses
Care of silk Dry clean or hand wash, check label Iron at low temperature
Synthetic Fibers Made from petrochemicals Characteristics –Hydrophobic (water resistant) –Promote static cling –Heat Sensitive –Many pill –Most are wrinkle resistant
Synthetic Fibers Acetate Acrylic Nylon Polyester Rayon Spandex (Lycra) Aramid (Kevlar, Nomex) Olefin Triacetate Modacrylic
Acetate Advantages Soft Drapeable Dries quickly Resistant to shrinking
Acetate Disadvantages Can wrinkle Low abrasion resistance Heat sensitive Damaged by acetone
Skirts Blouses Dresses Scarves Linings Clothing/Fashion uses
Acrylic Advantages Soft Warm Wool-like Light weight Wrinkle resistant Resistant to moths and sunlight
Acrylic Disadvantages Pills Static electricity Heat sensitive
Care of Acrylic Dry Cleaned or laundered Iron at low temperature
Sweaters Knit garments Faux Fur Coats Pants Skirts Shoe soles Clothing/Fashion uses
Nylon Advantages Very Strong Resilient Lustrous Dries quickly
Nylon disadvantages May yellow or gray Heat Sensitive Low moisture absorbency
Sportswear Jackets Raincoats Backpacks Purses Clothing/Fashion uses
Care of Nylon Easily laundered Iron at low temperature
Polyester advantages Excellent WRINKLE RESISTANCE Resistant to abrasion Dries quickly Blends well with other fibers Retains heat-set pleats and creases
Polyester disadvantages Absorbs oily stains Low absorbency of moisture
Clothing/Fashion uses Pants Shirts Suits Sportswear Skirts
Care of Polyester Easily laundered Needs little or no pressing
Rayon advantages Soft and comfortable High moisture absorbency drapeable
Rayon disadvantages May wrinkle or shrink unless treated May mildew
Dresses Skirts Lingerie Blouses Clothing/Fashion uses
Care of Rayon Usually dry cleaned, sometimes washable Iron at low temperature
Spandex advantages Excellent elasticity and recovery Stronger and more durable than rubber Light weight Resistant to body oils
Spandex disadvantages Damaged by chlorine bleach Damaged by heat
Pants Shirts Jeans Sportswear Underwear Socks Bras Tights Clothing/Fashion uses
Aramid (Kevlar & Nomex) advantages Exceptional strength Exceptional heat and flame resistance Resistant to stretch and abrasion
Aramid disadvantages Not absorbent
Clothing/Fashion uses Kevlar –Bullet Proof Vests –Cut/Heat and Chemical resistant Gloves Nomex –Fireman Uniforms –Racing Apparel
Textiles Natural and Synthetic (Manufactured) Fibers.
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Fibers All fabrics are made from small, hair-like fibers Fibers can be separated into two categories –Natural –Synthetic.
Textiles Natural Man-made Synthetic. Fibers Basic Unit of all Textile Products- tiny hair like. All fibers have their own characteristics and properties,
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers Adapted from UEN.org.
Textiles Textile Industry. The textile industry is an extremely vital part of the overall apparel industries. Textile companies produce fibers, yarns,
Textiles Natural Manufactured. Fibers Basic Unit of all Textile Products- tiny hair like. All fibers have their own characteristics and properties, depending.
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Characteristics may include Structure Absorbency Resilience Abrasion resistance Elasticity Warmth Heat Sensitivity.
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers Natural Fibers Cotton Flax (Linen) Wool Silk Ramie Leather.
Chapter 11. Strength Durability Resiliency Elasticity Abrasion resistance Wrinkle resistance Shape retention Luster Absorbency Wicking.
How fabric is made. Fabric starts with the fibers Black Alpaca SilkBaby fine camel hair Silk Cotton Dyed Wool.
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals General Characteristics –Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) –Most wrinkle easily.
Clothing Fibers The Naturals. Cotton Source of Cotton The cotton plant –Fibers are formed in the seed pods as the plant ripens.
Fabrics. Natural Fibers Cotton Cotton is a natural fiber. It is cool, soft, comfortable, and the principle clothing fiber of the world. Cotton is a natural.
FIBERS SYNTHETIC FIBERS Manufactured through the use of chemical substances. Less absorbent than natural fibers and are heat sensitive.
Silk (Cocoon of silkworm) Available in wide variety of weights and textures. Luxurious. Strong. Drapable, soft. Absorbent. Resists wrinkles.
Fiber Characteristics Natural and Man-Made. What are fibers? Fiber is a long, thin strand or thread of material. Fibers are spun into threads Fabric.
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Two different Types of Fibers Natural Synthetic or Manufactured.
Fibers. What are Fibers ? All yarns and fabric are made of fibers Fibers are hair like substances twisted together to make yarns and fabrics.
Manufactured Fibers They may also be called synthetic or manmade fibers.
Fibers and Their Characteristics A brief overview of today’s natural and manufactured fibers.
Natural Fibers Cotton Linen Wool Silk Natural Fibers Cotton: It comes from the cotton plant.
Where does fabric come from? Fabric is made from fibers – There are 2 basic types of fibers:
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Fibers & Fabrics Chapter 41. Think about… Do you have a favorite garment that you worn forever? What makes is such a favorite? Why do you think so many.
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Fibers & Fabrics Variety of fabric. From the left: evenweave cotton, velvet, printed cotton, calico, felt, satin, silk, hessian, polycotton.
Textile Fibers Chapter 11 Fashion and Interior Design Page
INTD 50A fabric. correct knowledge of fibers leads to most appropriate selections in interiors NATURAL FIBERS come from plants and animals cotton flax/linen.
Clothing Management Textiles. 1. blends -in clothing, a term to refer to combining different fibers into one yarn 2. care label -a label inside a garment.
Bell Ringer If Jared makes $200 a week working on cars, but he spends $25 a week on uniforms, how much money will he accumulate in one year if he saves.
Chapter 44: Fabrics and Their Care Objectives: Compare different types of fibers, fabric construction, methods, and finishes.
4.01 Basic Home Textiles Housing I. Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals.
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4.01 Basic Home Textiles Housing I. Natural Fibers Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals Cellulose fibers Come from plants Protein fibers Come from.
Page 1 Textile Science. Page 2 Fiber: The basic beginning structure of a textile. A fiber is an individual, fine, hair-like structure. Fibers are usually.
Fiber Science MARSH-INTRO TO AG. Angora Mohair-made from angora goat Angora-made from angora rabbit Lightweight, silky, fine, and very soft 7.
TEXTILES Objective Bell Ringer 10/8 Watch the video and respond to the following questions… What.
Natural Fibers. Comes from plant or animal sources Cotton Flax- (Linen) WoolSilk.
Natural Fibers & Synthetic Fibers 1. Natural Fibers – are produced from sources in Nature such as the following: A.Plants – Including: 1. Cotton Boll.
any cloth or goods produced by weaving, knitting, or felting.
Clothing Care and Laundering. You’ll be on your own! When buying clothing, remember: a. How comfortable is it? b. How much will it wrinkle, that you need.
1 From Fiber to Yarn Chapter Natural Fibers Cotton Flax Wool silk.
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Ch. 52 Fibers, Fabrics, and Clothing Care. Introduction Fabrics (textiles) part of everyday life Textiles begin as fibers Fibers made into fabrics Fabrics.
T EXTILES C ONSUMER A basic knowledge of fabrics can help you make better clothing choices. Clothes & house wares can be made from natural fibers or synthetic.
Uses Sheets Towels Bedspreads Draperies Upholstery Rugs Characteristics Absorbent Easy to dye/print Highly flammable unless treated
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