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Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals General Characteristics –Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) –Most wrinkle easily.

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Presentation on theme: "Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals General Characteristics –Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) –Most wrinkle easily."— Presentation transcript:

1 Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers

2 Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals General Characteristics –Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) –Most wrinkle easily

3 Natural Fibers Cotton Flax (Linen) Wool Silk Ramie Leather

4 Cotton advantages Strong, durable Soft Absorbs moisture Breathes well Washes easily

5 Cotton disadvantages Mildews Does not spring back into shape Wrinkles easily Burns readily Shrinks

6 Blouses Dresses Skirts Underwear Shirts Jeans Sportswear Clothing/Fashion uses

7 Care of Cotton Wash in washer and dry Iron at high temperature

8 Flax (Linen) Advantages STRONG Absorbs moisture Comfortable in warm weather Washes easily

9 Linen disadvantages Mildews WRINKLES Burns easily

10 Clothing/Fashion uses Blouses Dresses Skirts Suits

11 Care of Linen Wash or Dry Clean, CHECK LABEL Iron at HIGH temperature

12 Wool Advantages WARM Durable ABSORBENT Resilient (returns to original shape quickly) Resists wrinkling Fire Retardant

13 Wool Disadvantages Requires special care Shrinks sometimes if washed, or dried in dryer Absorbs odors Requires protection against insects

14 Knit garments Sweaters Gloves Skirts Coats Sportswear Socks Suits slacks Clothing/Fashion uses

15 Care of Wool Dry Clean or Hand Wash and Dry flat Iron at low temperature

16 Silk Advantages Smooth Lustrous Strong Dries quickly

17 Silk Disadvantages Shows water spots Iron at low temperature

18 Skirts Blouses Dresses Neckties Scarves Lingerie Sweaters Clothing/Fashion uses

19 Care of silk Dry clean or hand wash, check label Iron at low temperature

20 Synthetic Fibers Made from petrochemicals Characteristics –Hydrophobic (water resistant) –Promote static cling –Heat Sensitive –Many pill –Most are wrinkle resistant

21 Synthetic Fibers Acetate Acrylic Nylon Polyester Rayon Spandex (Lycra) Aramid (Kevlar, Nomex) Olefin Triacetate Modacrylic

22 Acetate Advantages Soft Drapeable Dries quickly Resistant to shrinking

23 Acetate Disadvantages Can wrinkle Low abrasion resistance Heat sensitive Damaged by acetone

24 Skirts Blouses Dresses Scarves Linings Clothing/Fashion uses

25 Acrylic Advantages Soft Warm Wool-like Light weight Wrinkle resistant Resistant to moths and sunlight

26 Acrylic Disadvantages Pills Static electricity Heat sensitive

27 Care of Acrylic Dry Cleaned or laundered Iron at low temperature

28 Sweaters Knit garments Faux Fur Coats Pants Skirts Shoe soles Clothing/Fashion uses

29 Nylon Advantages Very Strong Resilient Lustrous Dries quickly

30 Nylon disadvantages May yellow or gray Heat Sensitive Low moisture absorbency

31 Sportswear Jackets Raincoats Backpacks Purses Clothing/Fashion uses

32 Care of Nylon Easily laundered Iron at low temperature

33 Polyester advantages Excellent WRINKLE RESISTANCE Resistant to abrasion Dries quickly Blends well with other fibers Retains heat-set pleats and creases

34 Polyester disadvantages Absorbs oily stains Low absorbency of moisture

35 Clothing/Fashion uses Pants Shirts Suits Sportswear Skirts

36 Care of Polyester Easily laundered Needs little or no pressing

37 Rayon advantages Soft and comfortable High moisture absorbency drapeable

38 Rayon disadvantages May wrinkle or shrink unless treated May mildew

39 Dresses Skirts Lingerie Blouses Clothing/Fashion uses

40 Care of Rayon Usually dry cleaned, sometimes washable Iron at low temperature

41 Spandex advantages Excellent elasticity and recovery Stronger and more durable than rubber Light weight Resistant to body oils

42 Spandex disadvantages Damaged by chlorine bleach Damaged by heat

43 Pants Shirts Jeans Sportswear Underwear Socks Bras Tights Clothing/Fashion uses

44 Aramid (Kevlar & Nomex) advantages Exceptional strength Exceptional heat and flame resistance Resistant to stretch and abrasion

45 Aramid disadvantages Not absorbent

46 Clothing/Fashion uses Kevlar –Bullet Proof Vests –Cut/Heat and Chemical resistant Gloves Nomex –Fireman Uniforms –Racing Apparel

47 The End…


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