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Natural and Synthetic Fibers

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Presentation on theme: "Natural and Synthetic Fibers"— Presentation transcript:

1 Natural and Synthetic Fibers
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers

2 Natural Fibers Come from plants and animals General Characteristics
Hydrophilic (Absorb Water) Most wrinkle easily

3 Natural Fibers Cotton Flax (Linen) Wool Silk Ramie Leather

4 Cotton advantages Strong, durable Soft Absorbs moisture Breathes well
Washes easily

5 Cotton disadvantages Mildews Does not spring back into shape
Wrinkles easily Burns readily Shrinks

6 Clothing/Fashion uses
Blouses Dresses Skirts Underwear Shirts Jeans Sportswear

7 Care of Cotton Wash in washer and dry Iron at high temperature

8 Flax (Linen) Advantages
STRONG Absorbs moisture Comfortable in warm weather Washes easily

9 Linen disadvantages Mildews WRINKLES Burns easily

10 Clothing/Fashion uses
Blouses Dresses Skirts Suits

11 Care of Linen Wash or Dry Clean, CHECK LABEL Iron at HIGH temperature

12 Wool Advantages WARM Durable ABSORBENT
Resilient (returns to original shape quickly) Resists wrinkling Fire Retardant

13 Wool Disadvantages Requires special care
Shrinks sometimes if washed, or dried in dryer Absorbs odors Requires protection against insects

14 Clothing/Fashion uses
Knit garments Sweaters Gloves Skirts Coats Sportswear Socks Suits slacks

15 Care of Wool Dry Clean or Hand Wash and Dry flat
Iron at low temperature

16 Silk Advantages Smooth Lustrous Strong Dries quickly

17 Silk Disadvantages Shows water spots Iron at low temperature

18 Clothing/Fashion uses
Skirts Blouses Dresses Neckties Scarves Lingerie Sweaters

19 Care of silk Dry clean or hand wash, check label
Iron at low temperature

20 Synthetic Fibers Made from petrochemicals Characteristics
Hydrophobic (water resistant) Promote static cling Heat Sensitive Many pill Most are wrinkle resistant

21 Synthetic Fibers Acetate Acrylic Nylon Polyester Rayon Spandex (Lycra)
Aramid (Kevlar, Nomex) Olefin Triacetate Modacrylic

22 Acetate Advantages Soft Drapeable Dries quickly Resistant to shrinking

23 Acetate Disadvantages
Can wrinkle Low abrasion resistance Heat sensitive Damaged by acetone

24 Clothing/Fashion uses
Skirts Blouses Dresses Scarves Linings

25 Acrylic Advantages Soft Warm Wool-like Light weight Wrinkle resistant
Resistant to moths and sunlight

26 Acrylic Disadvantages
Pills Static electricity Heat sensitive

27 Care of Acrylic Dry Cleaned or laundered Iron at low temperature

28 Clothing/Fashion uses
Sweaters Knit garments Faux Fur Coats Pants Skirts Shoe soles

29 Nylon Advantages Very Strong Resilient Lustrous Dries quickly

30 Nylon disadvantages May yellow or gray Heat Sensitive
Low moisture absorbency

31 Clothing/Fashion uses
Sportswear Jackets Raincoats Backpacks Purses

32 Care of Nylon Easily laundered Iron at low temperature

33 Polyester advantages Excellent WRINKLE RESISTANCE
Resistant to abrasion Dries quickly Blends well with other fibers Retains heat-set pleats and creases

34 Polyester disadvantages
Absorbs oily stains Low absorbency of moisture

35 Clothing/Fashion uses
Pants Shirts Suits Sportswear Skirts

36 Care of Polyester Easily laundered Needs little or no pressing

37 Rayon advantages Soft and comfortable High moisture absorbency

38 Rayon disadvantages May wrinkle or shrink unless treated May mildew

39 Clothing/Fashion uses
Dresses Skirts Lingerie Blouses

40 Care of Rayon Usually dry cleaned, sometimes washable
Iron at low temperature

41 Spandex advantages Excellent elasticity and recovery
Stronger and more durable than rubber Light weight Resistant to body oils

42 Spandex disadvantages
Damaged by chlorine bleach Damaged by heat

43 Clothing/Fashion uses
Pants Shirts Jeans Sportswear Underwear Socks Bras Tights

44 Aramid (Kevlar & Nomex) advantages
Exceptional strength Exceptional heat and flame resistance Resistant to stretch and abrasion

45 Aramid disadvantages Not absorbent

46 Clothing/Fashion uses
Kevlar Bullet Proof Vests Cut/Heat and Chemical resistant Gloves Nomex Fireman Uniforms Racing Apparel

47 The End…

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