Presentation on theme: "Intermodality between air and railway passenger transport in Poland: present situation and perspectives Marcin Wolek Ph. D. Department of Transportation."— Presentation transcript:
Intermodality between air and railway passenger transport in Poland: present situation and perspectives Marcin Wolek Ph. D. Department of Transportation Market University of Gdansk Poland Vilnius, Katedra Rynku Transportowego dr Marcin Wołek, XI.2005
Competition market share car plane distance classic train high speed train Air and railway transport are competitive modes of passenger transport in long distance travel Source: UIC 1998
Complimentarity airport – city rail links increase catchment area of airport; catchment area is determined by izochrones of travel time to the airport; airports are usually located far from the city center; road congestion is the real challenge; total time of the air travel is long due to congestion and uncertain time of arrival to the airport; dynamic growth of airports passengers.
Different status of airport links Airport connected with: main railway lines (i.e. Frankfurt Flughafen); regional railway system (i.e. Köln – Bonn Flughafen); urban railway (i.e. Vienna Airport); tram line (i.e. Bremen); dedicated railway link only for airport passengers (Arlanda Express Stockholm, Vienna Airport). CAT, Vienna Airport Arlanda Express, Stockholm
Polish air market Growing number of passengers; low air mobility index (number of air travels / number of inhabitants) – 0,3 in 2005; decreasing role of Warsaw Airport; dynamic growth of regional airports; very good perspectives (air mobility index 1,98 in 2030); need of substantial investments; lack of intermodal links (only Krakow since 2007 with regional railway system).
Polish air market up to 2030 Passengers [mio] Air mobility index Source: self-made based on Civil Aviation Authority, ulc.gov.pl
Polish railway market since 1990 has undergone strong crisis; still underinvested and old fashioned; growing market share of private cargo operators; poor infrastructure determining low quality of services; strong competitors (car and bus); growing role of self-governments (financing, ownership, contracting, rolling stock aquisitions); main market segments with best perspectives: Agglomeration and interaglomeration (long distance);
Passenger railway market in Poland
Source: PKP PLK Annual Report, Warsaw 2003 TEN in Poland
Railway lines and main airports of Poland A A A A A
Conclusions main Polish airports are located in European Transport Corridors; only one airport has railway link to the center of the city (Krakow); up to 2012 railway links should be completed in Warsaw, Katowice, may be in Gdansk (with EU funds) and few other regional airports; the results of initial marketing research conducted in one regional airport in Poland show that the biggest disadvantage for the passengers is uncertain time of arrival to air terminal.
Thank You! Marcin Wolek Ph. D. Department of Transportation Market University of Gdansk Poland Vilnius, Katedra Rynku Transportowego dr Marcin Wołek, XI.2005