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Smart interconnections and urban growth – the Polish case* Tomasz Komornicki Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences.

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Presentation on theme: "Smart interconnections and urban growth – the Polish case* Tomasz Komornicki Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences."— Presentation transcript:

1 Smart interconnections and urban growth – the Polish case* Tomasz Komornicki Institute of Geography and Spatial Organization Polish Academy of Sciences Warsaw Presentation partly based on the results of Polish Ministry of Science and Higher Education project: Functional linkages between Polish metropolises (T.Komornicki, P.Śleszyński, P.Korcelli, D.Światek, P.Siłka)

2 Is Poland a polycentric country? According to ESPON and Projects Poland is one of the most polycentric countries in UE. Is it true? YES on the basis of rank/size and location criteria Probably NO on the basis of connectivity criteria

3 Internal linkages companies relations migrations ICT (internet) The level of connectivity in Polish polycentric settlement network is low The system is still hierarchical and the position of Warsaw is growing after 1989 Smaller centers established direct social and economic links to the capital city (it was not the case before 1989) 3 Source : IGSO PAS, Project: Functional linkages between Polish metropolises, P.Śleszyński, P Siłka

4 Internal smart linkages PHD thesis EU framework projects Co-operation between R&D institution is much more decentralized Changes towards knowledge-based economy could support the return to polycentricism 4

5 External relations Warsaw has the strongest but not dominant position in foreign relation In the case of exports and tourism linkages are decentralized EU accession support decentralization of exports Organizational linkages remains concentrated in capital city Biggest centers (Big Five) developed interactions with more distance European countries (including Western not Eastern part of Germany) Other regional centers are connected mainly with Germany or other neighboring countries (including Scandinavia) Exports Foreign Tourism

6 Accessibility After EU accession the synergy effect is limited by a relatively low spatial accessibility between the major cities. Warsaw is poorly accessible from some regional centres The western centres improved their accessibility on the European level. Some of them are better connected by rail or road with Berlin than Warsaw Transborder transport linkages improved mainly on the German direction (Berlin, Dresden). Czechia (Prague and Brno) remains not accessible on the daily basis

7 How to overcome transport- connected barriers for growth and polycentric development? In Poland interactions between regional capitals are very weak. Lack of transport infrastructure is one of the factors determining the situation Investment in transport and ICT network is the necessary condition of development of real polycentric settlement system Social and economic interactions are monocentric, infrastructure is internationally (transit) or locally oriented, only R&D connections are more polycentric Transport development accelerate in Poland after 2004 but the investment process is concentrated mainly on international TEN network and on the local infrastructure (ERDF – small parts of local roads mainly – political reason) Local investment includes the intra-metropolitan projects. The bottlenecks between urban and long distance systems remains unchanged (same in road and in public transport) Evaluation of the transport investment for programming period shows the need of investment concentration (as well as the concentration of the EU support)

8 What are priorities of the infrastructure development? Priorities are still different in old and new member states Western European countries developed the high speed infrastructure (motorways and rail>200 km/h) firstly on the national level Some new accession countries (including Poland) try to established firstly the transit routes (partly basing on the plans from the COMECON times) Old (transit oriented ) paradigm of transport development should be changed for the new one (network and accessibility oriented) New EU Territorial Agenda followed this way of thinking In Poland the goals of Spatial Development Concepts are going to be changed The priority is given to roads and rails supporting interactions between main and secondary national centers, as well as interactions with neighboring centers in Germany and Czech Republic


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