2TIME MANAGEMENT OBJECTIVES 1. To describe time as a resource. 2. To identify ways of Managing Time.Time as a resource. We have to put value on time because:-Time is a Scariest Source.Time can never be replaced.Time can’t be saved by not spending it.Time costs money.
3Time as a resource : Rs. 86,400 each day Imagine there is a Bank, which credits your account each morning with Rs.86,400.It carries over no balance from day to day….allows you to keep no cash balance….and every evening, cancels whatever part of the amount you had failed to use during the day.What would you do with such a Bank Account?Draw out every paisa from the same, of course.Every morning, it credits you with 86,400 seconds. Every night it writes off as lost, whatever of this amount you have failed to invest to good purpose. It carries over no balance. It allows no overdraft.
4The clock is running, Make the most of today. Each day it opens a new account for you. Each night it burns the records of the day. If you fail to use the day’s deposits, the loss is yours. There is no going back. There is no drawing against ‘tomorrow’.You must live in the present on today’s deposits. Invest it so as to get from it the utmost in health, happiness and success.The clock is running, Make the most of today.
5Time Management: Time Wasters - Internal & External. Time Savers - (i) The Daily to Do list.(ii) 13 Time Saver Tips.Using Time Effectively - PLAN- DO- CONTROLLife postureTechniques to organize -better day.Conclusion
6Yesterday isa Cancelled Cheque...Tomorrow isa Promissory Note….Today isReady Cash…..use it.
8USING TIME EFFECTIVELY Measure what you doPlan What You Should DoCONTROLPLANWhat jobs doyou have to do?What are youtrying to achieve?How much time doyou have?How well areyou doing?DOHow can you fitthem in mosteffectively.How can youimprove?Do ItThinkingCommunicatingDelegatingBeing InterruptedOperating
9EFFECTIVE TIME - SAVING TIPS 1. Schedule a call-back period.2. Schedule regular reading periods.3. Schedule paperwork time.4. Try to shrink your deadlines.5. Arrive early or leave late once or twice a week.6. Block out larger chunks of time to work on projects that need serious concentration.7. Break large tasks into small ones.8. Learn how to say no.9. Use a day-planning calendar.
10KEY TIME SAVERS1. Learn to set priorities on things like goals, tasks, meeting agenda items and interruptions.2. Start with A-priority task - is it the best use of your time?3. Fight procrastination - do it NOW if it is important, before the important becomes urgent.4. Subdivide large, difficult tasks into smaller, easily accomplished parts (PDCA).5. Establish a quiet hour, even though it requires will power and may not always work.6. Find a hideaway.7. Learn to say “NO” when you have something important to do.8. Learn to delegate.
11KEY TIME SAVERS9. Accumulate similar tasks and do them all at one time.10. Minimize routine tasks:spend only the time it deserves.shorten low value interruptions.throw away junk mail and other low value paperwork.Delegate, shorten or defer indefinitely the C-priority tasks.11. Avoid perfectionism. Remember the 80/20 mal-distribution12. Avoid over-commitment. Be realistic about what you can doin the time available.13. Don’t over-schedule. Allow some flexible time for crises and interruptions.
12TOP FIFTEEN TIME WASTERS INTERNAL1. Indecision.2. Switching priorities - leading to crisis.3. Lack of objectives, priorities or daily plan.4. Personal disorganization, cluttered desk.5. Ineffective delegation.6. Attempting too much - inability to say “NO”7. “Butter-flying” from job to job, leaving tasks unfinished.8. Plunging into a task without planning.9. Lack of self-discipline.
13EXTERNAL1. Constant telephone interruption, visitors.2. Meeting - too long or not really necessary.3. Inadequate, inaccurate, delayed information or communication.4. Socializing, TV and Chit-Chat.5. Office procedure not clearly established; confused line ofresponsibility or authority.6. Constant unnecessary checking on others and their work.
14TECHNIQUES : TO ORGANIZE BETTER DAY Cut out unnecessary or routine workOne way of making better use of your time is to stop doing those jobs which can be delegated. Get rid of work that takes up your time, but that can be done just as well by one of your staff.Define your main goals and prioritiesCheck in detail how you spend each working hour in an average week.Spend your time managing , rather than doing.Don’t do work that should be delegated to others.Don’t do things that need not be done at all.Spend your time on those things which only you can do.
15Eliminate time wasters Here are some common time wasters and suggestions for preventing or minimizing them.Callers/Social chit-chatUse you secretary or assistant to keep unwanted visitors away.Say no more oftenMake appointments and see that people keep to them.Arrange for some uninterrupted blocks of time when you have an important or difficult task to do.When you meet with someone, keep pleasantries to a minimum.Concentrate on keeping to the point in a discussion or conversation - it is too easy to be diverted.Encourage staff to think for themselves.
16ELIMINATE TIME WASTERS Telephone interruptionsAsk your secretary to deal with an where appropriate, divert calls.Have a set time of day for making / receiving telephone calls.State firmly that you will call back when convenient.Be brisk and decisive when telephoning, stand rather than sit.Unproductive meetingsDon’t call a meeting if you can’t state the purpose.Cancel any regular meeting if there is no business to discussIf you call a meeting, set a time-limit and stick to it.Get taken off committees if your presence is not essentialMake your point succinctly. Avoid talking too much.
17Day-to-day tasks Delegate more Do unpleasant tasks first. You will feel better afterwards.Don’t try to do much at once. Learn to say “No” to yourself as well as to other people.Set yourself deadlines and stick to them.Be realistic in time estimates. Many people under estimate the time they need to complete a task.Paperwork- Get of f the circulation list of reading material , you don’t need. (5S)Learn to skim read, Study a text only if it is really relevant.Encourage your staff to write briefly and clearly.Don’t write when telephone call will do.Write brief replies on memos you receive and return then to senders.Avoid individually typed acknowledgment.
18- Set aside sometime each day to deal with urgent correspondence. Try to clear your pending tray daily.Set up a filing system with a place for everything and everything in its place..Handling each piece of paper once only. Act on it, file it, or throw it away.Tidy your desk before you go home.Planning your time.Your need to budget your time in the same way as you budget your money. Have a daily, weekly, monthly and quarterly plan. Although you may not be in a position to think too far ahead, you must begin each working day with clear intentions as to how you will spend it. Here are some ideas to help you plan your day.
19Keep a diary of appointments and meetings. Design a workplanKeep your workplan where you can see it clearly.Distinguish between things you have to do and these you can do if you have the time.Take responsibility for your time and priorities. Communicate your priorities to those who need to know them.Review your plan at the end of each day, noting what has been achieved and what must be carried forward.
20DYNAMICS OF FULFILLED LIVING ONE WHO MANAGES HIMSELF TIME MANAGEMENT1LifeWorkPurpose & Mission5PhysicalExercise-Harmony4BalancedDietDYNAMICSOFFULFILLEDLIVINGONE WHOMANAGESHIMSELF3Roles&Goals from values2LivingValues from Mission6MeditativePracticeFocusLIFE POSTURE
22Benefits of Time Management When you establish high expectations for success and achievement you automatically act to fulfil your expectations. You begin to reap the benefits and rewards of time control. They are :-Increased productivityIncreased income resulting from higher productivity.A greater enthusiasm for life and work.Ability to tackle a long list of tasks without depression.Ability to face problems without frustration.Improved decision-making skills.Adequate time for planning and organizing.Control and management of interruptions.More time to control your life at work and at home.
23THE TREASURES TO TIME Yesterday is but a dream and tomorrow is only a vision.But Today, welllived……makes every Yesterdaya dream of happiness……and every Tomorrowa vision of hope.