2 Journal Reflection- 3/10In your journal, please respond to the following:1. "We're so obsessed with time in this country... we just want to go faster and live longer," Albom pointed out. "But I don't think we're so concerned with the quality of our time.“What is Mitch Albom trying to say?2. “Try to imagine a life without timekeeping.”How do you think life would be if people did not keep track of time?3. If you could control time, what would you change?
3 Questions for Group Discussion Do you live your life by daily blocks of time? If so, what are they? (Ex: timesheets, shot clock, quarters, halves, periods, etc.)What would you do if time didn’t exist?What would you do if your life wasn’t scheduled?
4 Who is “Father Time?”Usually depicted as an elderly bearded man, dressed in a robe and carrying a scythe and an hourglass or other timekeeping device (which represents time’s constant one-way movement)The personification of Time and the friendlier version of the Grim Reaper.Father Time is married to Mother Earth; just as the Grim Reaper, the personification of Death, is married to Life.He symbolizes the flow of time and its effects. His old body is a reminder that time is the devourer of all things and that, like the sand in the hourglass he often carries, his life will run out, as all good things come to an end.
6 Pages 11 Vocabulary1. Gravitate: to be attracted to something and therefore move towards it or become involved with it2. Humility: the quality of not being too proud about yourself - use this to show approval3. Notch: to cut a V-shaped mark into something, especially as a way of showing the number of times something has been done4. Beckoning: to make a signal to someone with your hand, to show that you want them to come towards you or to follow you
7 Pages 1-15 Notes Father Time: banished to a cave for eternity: Punished by GodAloneForced to listen to all people on Earth asking for more timeWill soon be freed to return to EarthDor (will become Father Time):First person to begin countingDifferent child- God is watching
8 Pages 1-15 Notes Sarah: Victor: Teenager Has a date at 8:30pm Needs more time to get ready- can’t decide what to wear.Fears time is running out to get ready; almost 8:30Victor:Man in mid-eightiesWealthyDying of cancerNeeds more time to live; fears his time to live is running out
9 Pages 1-15 Notes Nim: Alli: Dor: Stronger than other boys Became fascinated with power = foreshadowingAlli:Beautiful; humbleDor:Became a measurer of thingsAlways thinking about numbersUsed anything he could find to count (pebbles, stones, etc.)
10 Pages 1-15 Notes Man alone keeps track of time- no one else Dor began to mark time:Used a stone, stick, an shadow from the sunTime = when they all alignedMan comes to visit Dor:Fly turned into an old manPoked Dor’s sun stick turns into waspsWasps = symbolism .. What do you think?Create a new line of darknessSymbol of order, progress, organization, communicationDoesn’t tell anyone about the visit- YET- Foreshadowing
11 Journal Reflection- 3/12On page 11, the author writes, "As children grow, they gravitate toward their fates." Analyze what Albom is trying to say by this line.
12 Pages 1-15 Notes Sarah: Victor: Finds time in a drawer – how? Watch is in the drawerForm of timekeepingVictor:Calendar book with itinerary – where he needs to be and whenDetermined to something about dying
13 Pages 16-32- Vocabulary Swat: to crush, slap, hit Feeble: extremely weak; not very good or effectiveDabbled: to do something or be involved in something in a way that is not very serious
14 Pages 16-32 Nim: Dor: Became powerful king; great riches, many slaves Experimented with every form of time measurement that would later be discovered by scienceCreated the first sundial, clock, and calendar
17 Pages 16-32Victor:Calls for research about immortality…why?Immortality = living forever… He is going to figure out a way to live foreverThinks money can buy more timeWeariness: very tired or bored, especially because you have been doing something for a long timeSarah is anxious… why?Anxious about being late/time running outVictor is anxious… why?Anxious about research results/time running outDoesn’t want his wife to know his plan… how do you know?“Grace enters with the soup, he hangs up.”
18 Pages 16-32 Meager: too small and is much less than you need Withdrawn: very shy and quiet, and concerned only about your own thoughtsSwaddling: wrap a baby tightly in a blanket to restrict movement
19 Pages 16-32Dor and his family are forced to live in the high plains with barely anythingNim:Claims to have wounded the godsPeople bow down to him; became a powerful kingDor and Alli receive vistors:Dor = proud of Alli’s kindness to take them in.They did not look well; Dor fears they are diseasedForeshadowingNomad: a member of a tribe that travels from place to place instead of living in one place all the timeSustenance: food that people or animals need in order to live; when something is made to continueAlli ended up hugging the woman visitor…
20 Pages 33-41Gouge: to make a deep hole or cut in the surface of somethingDor found a pattern to create the first calendar:Gouged holes in clay to create monthsAssigned every stone to a full moonPut notches in tablets for moons in betweenBaffle: if something baffles you, you can’t understand or explain itVictor’s wife wants him to spend time with herHe is too preoccupied with his research
21 Pages 33-41 Dor: Dor goes to Nim’s tower As Alli gets sicker, Dor now wants time to STOP. (Irony)Wants to find a medicine man (Asu).Knows “His days are numbered” – common phraseWants to stop her suffering, wants to stop everythingDor goes to Nim’s towerTo make time stopAscent: the act of climbing something or movingFaçade: the front of a building, especially a large and important one“The lust for power is a combustible thing…”
22 Pages 33-41 Allusion: Symbolism: Tower of Babel Bible story- Book of GenesisNim’s tower is what we know as the Tower of BabelSymbolism:Red: the color of extremes; color of violence, danger, anger; prehistoric ancestors saw red as the color of fire and bloodMost of red’s symbolism today arises from its powerful associations in the past.Red= a magical and religious color.Symbolized super-human heroism to the Greeks and is the color of the Christian crucifixion.
23 Journal Reflection- 3/18What is the relationship like between Sarah and her mother? Provide one line from the text to support your response? Be specific!What is the relationship like between Victor and his wife? Provide one line from the text to support your response? Be specific!What is the message about power on pages ?
24 “Cave”- VocabularyDisintegrated: to break up, or make something break up, into very small piecesSuffice: to be enoughFissure: a deep crack, especially in rock or earthClacking: to make a continuous short hard soundSouvenir: an object that you buy or keep to remind yourself of a special occasion or a place you have visitedJowl: the skin that covers your lower jaw on either side of your facePensive: thinking a lot about something, especially because you are worried or sad
25 “Cave”- VocabularyMogul: a businessman or woman who has great power and influence in a particular industryMushroomed: to grow and develop very quicklyChafed: to feel impatient or annoyedPenchant: if you have a penchant for something, you like that thing very much and try to do it or have it oftenDisdain: a complete lack of respect that you show for someone or something because you think they are not important or good enoughKarst: landscape formed from the dissolution of soluble rocks
26 “Cave”- Vocabulary Incandescent: very bright Deregulation: to remove government rules and controls from some types of business activityFret: to worry about something, especially when there is no need to
27 “Cave” Dor: Old man comes to see him: Conflicts: Explains he will not age in the cave.Now that Dor created time, the desire for power and creation of time will not stop.Conflicts:Person vs. Self:Doesn’t understand why he is in the cave.Doesn’t understand why creating time was a bad thing.Begins to regret what he created.Person vs. Person:Punishment: Forced to listen to all people on earth complain about time.Dor vs. Old Man: Old man punished him; got in his way; changed his lifePerson vs. Time:Tried to stop timeLength of his banishment.
28 “Cave” Dor: Lesson to be learned: Consequences of creating time (actions come with consequences)Be happy with what you have“The length of your days does not belong to you.”You have no control over how long you live.
29 “Cave” Sarah: Person vs. Self: Person vs. Person: Person vs. Society: Dislikes how she looks (eyes, hair, teeth, extra weight)Lonely; spends a lot of time by herselfWorks up confidence to ask Ethan to hang out.Questions what to say and how to act with EthanPerson vs. Person:Sarah vs. Her mom (Lorraine)Argue, don’t get along, don’t see eye to eyeSarah vs. EthanHas feelings for him and he does not feel the same way back.Ethan cancels their plans.Opposite social circlesPerson vs. Society:Sarah vs. High School Norms:Not popular – too smart, not attractive enough, not in a popular social circle
30 “Cave” Sarah: Person vs. Time Lesson to be learned: Wants time to go faster to see EthanLesson to be learned:Appreciate her time instead of rushing itDon’t rush your time just for one personBe more confident and accept who she is
31 “Cave” Victor: Conflicts: Person vs. Self: Avoids attachments Struggles with his past – death of parents, rags to richesCancer: attacking his body, conventional treatments not workingPerson vs. Person:Victor vs. Grace: Their marriageTalk lessDo less togetherTheir life together felt like a dutyHe pushes her away when she keeps tryingPerson vs. Technology:Victor vs. CryonicsFreezing yourselflow-temperature preservation of humans who cannot be sustained by contemporary medicine, with the hope that healing and resuscitation may be possible in the future
32 “Cave” Lesson to be learned: Enjoy his moments; less work, more family Victor:Person vs. Time:Wants time to slow downTo liveTo do researchChecked his time constantly during treatmentsLesson to be learned:Enjoy his moments; less work, more familyMoney can’t buy timeLife isn’t always about money.
33 “Cave”- Quote Analysis "Until slowly, gradually, Dor came to rue the very thing that once consumed him."Rue = to wish that you had not done somethingRegret is a synonymAnalyze the meaning of this quote. What does Dor rue?
34 “The In-Between” Laconic: using only a few words to say something Sarah asks Ethan why he cancelled last night:Knows she shouldn’t haveDoesn’t give her much of a responseVictor visits a cryonics facility:Not telling Grace- she won’t understandPartition: to divide into two or more partsSteadfast: faithful and very loyal
37 “The In-Between”Lethargy/Lethargic: feeling as if you have no energy and no interest in doing anythingThe cave:Was formingDor felt broken (soul dried up, mind dulled from inactivity)Created earliest mathStarted carving on the wallTelling his story using symbols
38 Stalactite vs. Stalagmite: deposits of minerals that form in a cave over a long period of time.
39 Stalactites: are the formations that hang from the ceilings of caves like icicles
40 Stalagmites: look like they're emerging from the ground and stand up like a traffic cone.
41 “The In-Between” Lorraine and Sarah… AND… Victor and Grace Used to be closerNot on the same pageVictor is thinking about a completely different lifeGrace is trying to enjoy the life they still have together.
42 Partner Discussion Consider the following: Victor is in his study aloneSarah is in her bedroom alone“It is this time. Right Now. Our time on our Earth. And Dor’s time to be set free.”Why is it Dor’s time to be set free?Why do you think this section is titled “The In- Between”
43 “Falling” Dor has been in the cave for 6,000 years. Gape: to look at something for a long time, especially with your mouth open, because you are very surprised or shockedDor gaped in disbelief.An hourglass formed:Dor can now control time.Every moment of the universe is in the hourglass.Penance: something that you must do to show that you are sorry for something you have done wrong
44 “Falling” Dor needs to learn: Purpose of the hourglassPurpose of his life at this point“It is never too late or too soon. It is when it is supposed to be.” – The Old Man… What does this mean?Dor doesn’t understand how two people can make such a difference in the world.Cryonics simile: Freezing = a lifeboat to the future
45 “Falling” Old man’s words: “Listen for their misery.” Dor hears the voices of an older man and younger woman“Another lifetime”“Make it stop”These are his clues to finding the two people.Wind came and Dor flew into the airBegan “falling” to Earth.
46 “Falling”Exit Slip:Why is Dor going back to Earth? What is his task? (Hint- Page 79)
47 “Falling”- Review1. What will Dor learn by the end of his journey? P. 802. “But a desperate heart will seduce the mind” p What does this quote mean?3. Prediction: What do you think Dor will use his hourglass to do?4. If you could give Sarah and Victor advice at this point, what would you tell them?
48 “Earth”The divorce is what changed everything for Sarah, as well as the relationship between her and her mother.Tapas: small dishes of food eaten as part of the first course of a Spanish mealDor lands in Spain at a December festival:Hanging as a mannequin in the middle of the festival.What did dropping the hourglass mean for Dor?He can start and slow time down.Changed everything.Felt powerful
49 “Earth” What happened between Ethan and Sarah: Ethan did not really commit to hanging outDrank alcoholKissedEthan tried to take it too far; Sarah stopped himAs a result of their night:Sarah is unsure of whether or not she did the right thing.Comes across as desperate in this section.Now, Sarah wants to buy him a gift.Money doesn’t buy love.Thinks she can buy his love (buying a him a gift will make him like her).
50 “Earth”Dor:Slows time to meet his needsUsed his power of the hourglass to explore the world.Perplexed: confused and worried by something that you do not understandAdept: good at something that needs care and skillLeery: careful in the way that you deal with something or someone because you do not trust themBequeath: to pass knowledge, customs etc to people who come after you or live after you
51 “Earth” Victor wants to change the rules of cryonics…How? Bribing Jed with his moneyVictor wants Jed to begin the cryonics process when he is almost dead, instead of the moment he dies.Then- Victor wants Jed to lie and say Victor was dead when he really wasn’t yet.Victor thinks his chances of cryonics working will improve if done this way.
52 “Earth” Immerse: to become completely involved in an activity Elongate: to become longer, or make something longer than normal:Dor immersed himself in the modern world:Got a haircutWears modern clothesGoes to the library to learn (spelling, reads literature, reads history, studies maps)In Germany, Dor hears the two voices again:Swam the Atlantic OceanLanded in New York CityNYC= a metropolis (a very large city that is the most important city in a country or area)
54 “City” One of the world’s most common question: “What time is it?”Dor decides to take a job in a clock shop.Why?What he knows best.Will wait here for Sarah and VictorVictor:Wants a timepiece- symbolic for himStop it the moment he freezes; start it back up when brought back to life.Enters the clock shop – encounters Dor – Dor realizes who the man is.
55 “City”Sarah:P. 112“Sometimes when you are not getting the love you want, giving makes you think you will.”What does this mean?How does it apply to Sarah?What prediction can you make at this point?Victor:Bought a pocket watch = another thing he WON’T tell Grace about.Brimming: to have a lot of a particular thing, quality, or emotion
56 “City” Victor: “Some lunatic with a death wish,” Victor said. Planning to be dead by New Year’s Eve.Getting his affairs in order… his moneySees a man across the street just sitting on the ledge and cradling something in his arms.Foreshadowing?“Some lunatic with a death wish,” Victor said.What is ironic about this statement?Sarah enters the clock shop...encounters Dor and he realizes who she is
57 “City” Dor: Victor: Would sit at the top of skyscrapers at night Silence the city and thinkAt this point- he still doesn’t understand why Victor and Sarah are the two souls he must help.“But a man who can take anything will find most things unsatisfying. And a man without memories is just a shell.” – p. 122What does this mean?Victor:Skin graft: created in your arm or leg to allow your blood to flow from your body through the dialysis machine to be cleaned and back into your body.Dor becomes a shadow in Victor’s hospital room.Notices he is impatientWhy?Just wants to “die” and let the freezing process begin
58 “City” Sarah: Thinks they have a relationship they really don’t. Chasing after EthanKeeps texting him, no responseWaits for him at school
59 “City” Dor: Sarah: Victor asks him how he knows so much about time Dor says: “It was once an interest of mine.”UnderstatementHeard Victor as a child asking for time.Sarah:Changing for Ethan: cuts classes now.Decides to inscribe a message on Ethan’s watch“Time flies with you.”What does the expression “time flies” mean?“I think he’s like the one for me. But I don’t want to overdo it.”Dramatic irony- We, as the audience, know she is overdoing it. She has no clue.
60 “City”Victor:Asked for time to go backward when he was a child after his father’s death… “Please make it yesterday.”“We all yearn for what we have lost. But sometimes, we forget what we have.”What does this mean?How does it apply in this book so far?Sarah plans to meet Ethan Christmas night at Dunkin Donuts to give him his Christmas gift.Prediction?
61 “City” Journal Assignment: How are Victor and Sarah letting time pass them by?How are Sarah and Victor both continuing to stray from reality?What is your interpretation of the last page of the section (Chapter 54)?What is happening?What do you predict is going to happen?