9Attend to to deal with, take care of, look after e.g. Mary attended to the children’s stories patiently.e.g. He had to spend a lot of time attending to his work as a green-hand.
10glutton A person who regularly eats and drinks more than is needed e.g. You’ve eaten the whole pie, you glutton.
11sagea very wise mane.g. Confucius is the most admired ancient sage in china.e.g. He was a well-known sage craftsman in the village.
12Derive from derive great pleasure from one’s study e.g. She derived no benefits from the course of drugs.
13smother 1.To cover closely or thickly e.g. my sister smothers the salad with oil.2. Restrain, hidee.g. the local government tried to smother the traffic accident, but it was soon discovered by a reporter.3.Braise, stewe.g. Smothered beef is very delicious.
14lavish To give a lot or too much of sth 1.Lavish sth on sb e.g. the old couple lavished care upon their grandchildren.e.g. Laura lavishes money on clothes.e.g. the press lavished praises on the new pop star.2. Be lavish in/of / withe.g. he was lavish in praising the project.e.g. the pupil is lavish of money.e.g. He was lavish with his praise.
15texture 1. Build up e.g. Silk is cloth of close texture. 2. Textile e.g. The texture in Hang Zhou has spread all over the world.3. character, essencee.g. This dance style bears obvious texture of the culture of the Tang Dynasty.
16Fowl n. e.g. we kept a few fowls and some goats. e.g. we had fish for the first course, followed by roast fowl and fresh vegetables.
17Contrive v. To make or invent sth is a skillful way e.g. The engineer contrived a new kind of tape recorder.Attempte.g. He even contrived a robbery when he was penniless.
18Bedeck v. to hang decorations, jewels , flowers, etc. on e.g. The little girl bedecks her room with many toys.
19Exotica n. Exotic adj. e.g. mangoes and other exotic fruits e.g. Exotica are always attractive to the young.
20The Structure of the Text The text can be divided into three parts:Part I (paragraphs1-4)Part II (paragraphs 5-6)Part III (paragraphs 7-9)
21The Main Idea of Each Part Part I (paragraphs1-4)The first part discuss the difference in Chinese and western attitudes towards food.Part II (paragraphs 5-6)The second part deal with reasons of the international success of Chinese food.Part III (paragraphs 7-9)The third part elaborates on the nature of Chinese food.
22The Rhetorical Features of the Text It seems that the author dose not employ one particular rhetorical device intensively, though some rhetorical features are scattered throughout the whole essay. For instance alliteration is utilized here and there.Examples :Many people in the west are gourmets and others are gluttons.To making you a saint or a sinnerEverywhere from Hong Kong to Honolulu to Hudderfield
23The Function of Alliteration in the Text: The underlined parts show repetition of the first sound or letter of a succession of words, which helps to convey a sort of melodious quality, thus making those words sound more pleasing and impressive.
24More Examples of Alliteration 1. Peter piper picked a peck of pickled pepper2. She sells seashells on the seashore3. The rolling English drunkard made the rolling English road.4. Penny wise , pound foolish.5. Practice makes perfect.
25The Paraphrase of Some Long and Complicated Sentences in the Text: 1.To be smothered with loving care throughout its preparation and to have time lavished on it in the final pleasure of eatingParaphrase:To prepare carefully and to have time enjoying the foodFood to my countryman is one of the ecstasies of life下一页
262. Food to my countryman is one of the ecstasies of life Paraphrase: Back2. Food to my countryman is one of the ecstasies of lifeParaphrase:To the Chinese people, food is one of the things that can give them great pleasure3.One may attend to matters of businessParaphrase: One may deal with matters of business4. It is ubiquitousParaphrase: It could be found everywhere下一页
275. Restaurants bedecked with dragons and delicate landscape-serving such exotica as Dim Sin Gai Paraphrase :Restaurants which are decorated with dragons and beautifulpictures of landscape and serve new dishes as Dim Sin Gai6. all these have become much more a part and parcel of the average person’s life than they have ever been paraphrase:All of these things meant little to them but now they play an indispensable role in ordinary people’s life
287. An element that links this cuisine with that most typical and yet elusive concept Tao Paraphrase:A factor that connects the Chinese cooking with the most typical and different concept Tao8.The smooth harmonies and piquant contrasts in Chinese food are more than just the products of recipes and personal enterpriseThe smooth congruity and sharp differences in Chinese food are not only the results of recipes ad personal efforts
29Grammar rules in this unit Relative clauseFinite relative clause and nonfinite relative clauseRelative pronouns :Who, whom, (people) whoseWhich, that (something)Relative adverbs:When (time) , where (place), why (reason)
30Examples of Finite Relative Clauses e.g. The people (antecedent) who (relative pronoun) worked for him lived in mortal fear of him.e.g. There will be a time (antecedent) when (relative adverb) people the world over will live a happy life under the sun of socialism.
31Examples of Infinite Attributive Clause BackExamples of Infinite Attributive Clausee.g. He went to the U.S.A. and worked so hard and finally won the Nobel Prize, which surprised everyone that knew him. (infinite attributive clause)e.g. The ambassador, who had long been interested in Asian affairs, was flattered.e.g. The restaurant manager, to whom I complained about the service, apologized for it.
32More Examples of the Attributive Clause e.g. Here is the boy who damaged the vase.e.g. My cousin, who is an engineer, went to Europe last week.e.g. The chair which I sat was a broken one.e.g. Can you see the house where Shakespeare once lived?e.g. The reason why I was alone in the mountain is that I had a difficulty with my guide.
33More Examples of the Attributive Clause e.g. The chairman, who spoke first, sat on my right.e.g. His speech, which bored everyone, went on and on.e.g. The chairman’s daughter, whose name is Ann, gave me a patient smile.e.g. I’m seeing the manager tomorrow, when he will be back from New York.