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中国. 中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享 Unit Three Chinese Food.

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Presentation on theme: "中国. 中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享 Unit Three Chinese Food."— Presentation transcript:

1 中国. 中学政治教学网崇尚互联共享 Unit Three Chinese Food

2 Learning Objectives By the end of this unit, you are supposed to understand the main idea, structure of the text and the author’s writing style master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text understand how to be healthy through eating.

3 Teaching Procedure Pre-reading Questions Text I. Chinese Food ● Passage understanding ● Main idea of the passage ● Structure analysis ● Language points ● sentence studies ● vocabulary studiesvocabulary studies Text II. Say No to Western Fast Food

4 Pre-reading questions How important is food to us in China? How important is food to you? Food to China is one of the ecstasies of life To be thought in advance; To be smothered with loving care throughout its preparation; To have time lavished on it in the final pleasure of eating

5 What are the characteristics of Chinese cuisine? What about western food? It lies in its fastidious preparation and long process enjoyment Preparation -- 90% of the time Cooking – 10% of the time

6 Chinese Food 1 "Few things in life are as positive as food, or are taken as intimately and completely by the individual. One can listen to music, but the sound may enter in one ear and go out through the other; one may listen to a lecture or conversation, and day-dream about many other things; one may attend to matters of business, and one's heart or interest may be altogether elsewhere... In the matter of food and eating however one can hardly remain completely indifferent to what one is doing for long. How can one remain entirely indifferent to something which is going to enter one's body and become part of oneself? How can one remain indifferent to something which will determine one's physical strength and ultimately one's spiritual and moral fibre and well-being?“How can one remain indifferent to something which will determine one's physical strength and ultimately one's spiritual and moral fibre and well-being?“ Kennth Lo

7 2 This is an easy question for a Chinese to ask, but a Westerner might find it difficult to answer. Many people in the West are gourmets and others are gluttons, but scattered among them also is a large number of people who are apparently pretty indifferent to what goes into their stomachs, and do not regard food as having any ultimate moral effect on them. How, they might ask, could eating a hamburger or drinking Coca Cola contribute anything to making you a saint or a sinner? For them, food is quite simply a fuel.Many people in the West are gourmets and others are gluttons, but scattered among them also is a large number of people who are apparently pretty indifferent to what goes into their stomachs, and do not regard food as having any ultimate moral effect on them.

8 3 Kenneth Lo, however, expresses a point of view that is profoundly different and typically Chinese, deriving from thousands of years of tradition. The London restaurateur Fu Tong, for example, quotes no less an authority than Confucius (the ancient sage known in Chinese as Kung-Fu- Tzu) with regard to the primal importance of food. Food, said the sage, is the first happiness. Fu Tong adds: "Food to my countrymen is one of the ecstasies of life, to be thought about in advance; to be smothered with loving care throughout its preparation; and to have time lavished on it in the final pleasure of eating."Kenneth Lo, however, expresses a point of view that is profoundly different and typically Chinese, deriving from thousands of years of tradition. "Food to my countrymen is one of the ecstasies of life, to be thought about in advance; to be smothered with loving care throughout its preparation; and to have time lavished on it in the final pleasure of eating."

9 4 Lo observes that when Westerners go to a restaurant they ask for a good table, which means a good position from which to see and be seen. They are usually there to be entertained socially--and also, incidentally, to eat. When the Chinese go to a restaurant, however, they ask for a small room with plain walls where they cannot be seen except by the members of their own party, where jackets can come off and they can proceed with the serious business which brought them there. The Chinese intentions "are both honourable and whole- hearted: to eat with a capital E.“

10 5 Despite such a marked difference in attitudes towards what one consumes, there is no doubt that people in the West have come to regard the cuisine of China as something special. In fact, one can assert with some justice that Chinese food is, nowadays, the only truly international food. It is ubiquitous. Restaurants bedecked with dragons and delicate landscapes--serving such exotic as Dim Sin Gai (sweet and sour chicken), and Shao Shing soup, Chiao-Tzu and Kuo-Tioh (northern style), and Ging Ai Kwar (steamed aubergines)-- have sprung up everywhere from Hong Kong to Honolulu to Hoboken to Huddersfield.Despite such a marked difference in attitudes towards what one consumes, there is no doubt that people in the West have come to regard the cuisine of China as something special.

11 6 How did this come about? Certainly, a kind of Chinese food was exported to North America when many thousands of Chinese went there in the 19th century to work on such things as the U.S. railways. They settled on or near the west coast, where the famous--or infamous- "chop suey joints" grew up, with their rather inferior brand of Chinese cooking. The standard of the restaurants improved steadily in the United States, but Lo considers that the crucial factor in spreading this kind of food throughout the Western world was population pressure in the British colony of Hong Kong, especially after 1950, which sent families out all over the world to seek their fortunes in the opening of restaurants.Certainly, a kind of Chinese food was exported to North America when many thousands of Chinese went there in the 19th century to work on such things as the U.S. railways.

12 He adds, however, that this could not have happened if the world had not been interested in what the Hong Kong Chinese had to cook and sell. He adds, however, that this could not have happened if the world had not been interested in what the Hong Kong Chinese had to cook and sell. He detects an increased interest in sensuality in the Western world: "Colour, texture, movement, food, drink, and rock music--all these have become much more part and parcel of the average person's life than they have ever been. It is this increased sensuality and the desire for greater freedom from age-bound habits in the West, combined with the inherent sensual concept of Chinese food, always quick to satisfy the taste buds, that is at the root of the sudden and phenomenal spread of Chinese food throughout the length and breadth of the Western World."It is this increased sensuality and the desire for greater freedom from age-bound habits in the West, combined with the inherent sensual concept of Chinese food, always quick to satisfy the taste buds, that is at the root of the sudden and phenomenal spread of Chinese food throughout the length and breadth of the Western World."

13 7 There is no doubt that the traditional high-quality Chinese meal is a serious matter, fastidiously prepared and fastidiously enjoyed. Indeed, the bringing together and initial cutting up and organising of the materials is about 90% of the actual preparation, the cooking itself being only about 10%. This 10% is not, however, a simple matter. There are many possibilities to choose from; Kenneth Lo, for example, lists forty methods available for the heating of food, from chu or the art of boiling to such others as ts'ang, a kind of stir-frying and braising, t'a, deep- frying in batter, and wei, burying food in hot solids such as charcoal, heated stones, sand, salt and lime.

14 8 The preparation is detailed, and the enjoyment must therefore match it. Thus a proper Chinese meal can last for hours and proceed almost like a religious ceremony. It is a shared experience for the participants, not a lonely chore, with its procession of planned and carefully contrived dishes, some elements designed to blend, others to contrast. Meat and fish, solids and soups, sweet and sour sauces, crisp and smooth textures, fresh and dried vegetables--all these and more challenge the palate with their appropriate charms.

15 9 In a Chinese meal that has not been altered to conform to Western ideas of eating, everything is presented as a kind of buffet, the guest eating a little of this, a little of that. Individual portions as such are not provided. A properly planned dinner will include at least one fowl, one fish and one meat dish, and their presentation with appropriate vegetables is not just a matter of taste but also a question of harmonious colours. The eye must be pleased as well as the palate; if not, then a certain essentially Chinese element is missing, an element that links this cuisine with that most typical and yet elusive concept Tao.The eye must be pleased as well as the palate; if not, then a certain essentially Chinese element is missing, an element that links this cuisine with that most typical and yet elusive concept Tao.

16 Emily Hahn, an American who has lived and worked in China, has a great appreciation both of Chinese cooking and the "way" that leads to morality and harmony. She insists that "there is moral excellence in good cooking" and adds that to the Chinese, traditionally, all life, all action and all knowledge are one. They may be chopped up and given parts with labels, such as "Cooking", "Health", "Character" and the like, but none is in reality separate from the other. The smooth harmonies and piquant contrasts in Chinese food are more than just the products of recipes and personal enterprise. They are an expression of basic assumptions about life itself.The smooth harmonies and piquant contrasts in Chinese food are more than just the products of recipes and personal enterprise. They are an expression of basic assumptions about life itself.

17 Main idea of the text This article tells us something like Chinese food and Western food. The writer makes a comparison of the culture of eating in Chinese and with that in western world. He introduces the origin of the traditional Chinese food how to spread to the West. Then he explains the typical Chinese food from preparation to cuisine to enjoyment in details. Finally he extends the morality and harmony in Chinese food, which is an expression of basic assumptions about life itself.

18 Structure analysis Part I (paras.1-4) With a quotation in the beginning of the text, it discusses the contrast in Chinese and Western attitudes towards food. Part II (paras.5-6) It deals with reasons of the international success of the Chinese food. Part III (paras.7-9) It elaborates on the nature of Chinese food

19 Key sentences s How can one remain indifferent to something which will determine one's physical strength and ultimately one's spiritual and moral fibre and well-being? Paraphrase: One can not remain detached to something which will dominate one’s physical power and finally one’s spiritual and moral character and proper behavior? Be indifferent to Rhetoric questions used in this paragraph

20 Many people in the West are gourmets and others are gluttons, but scattered among them also is a large number of people who are apparently pretty indifferent to what goes into their stomachs, and do not regard food as having any ultimate moral effect on them. Paraphrase: Many Westerners are food experts and others eat overdue, but among them, still there is a great number of people who are obviously uninterested in the food they eat, as a result, they do not take the final moral effect of food into consideration. Alliteration used here, what’s that? Inversion used here, where’s it?

21 Kenneth Lo, however, expresses a point of view that is profoundly different and typically Chinese, deriving from thousands of years of tradition. Paraphrase: However, Kenneth Lo’s viewpoint is quite different and it is with a distinctive Chinese characteristic, which originated form thousands of years of tradition. Derive from sth.

22 "Food to my countrymen is one of the ecstasies of life, to be thought about in advance; to be smothered with loving care throughout its preparation; and to have time lavished on it in the final pleasure of eating.” Paraphrase: Food to us Chinese is one of the greatest joys in life: it is thought about before being prepared; it is treated with lots of love and care while being prepared; and when it is ready, it is enjoyed with excessive amount of time.

23 Despite such a marked difference in attitudes towards what one consumes, there is no doubt that people in the West have come to regard the cuisine of China as something special. Paraphrase: In spite of the fact that such an apparent difference in attitudes towards food, it is certain that the westerners have come to consider the style of Chinese cooking as something unique.

24 Certainly, a kind of Chinese food was exported to North America when many thousands of Chinese went there in the 19th century to work on such things as the U.S. railways. Paraphrase: It’s certain that a sort of Chinese food was introduced into North America, when many thousands of Chinese went there in the 19th century to engage on work such as the U.S. railways. Be exported to

25 He adds, however, that this could not have happened if the world had not been interested in what the Hong Kong Chinese had to cook and sell. Paraphrase: However, he adds that this could not have happened, if the world had not been interested in the food cooked and sold by Chinese people. Could/should have done

26 It is this increased sensuality and the desire for greater freedom from age-bound habits in the West, combined with the inherent sensual concept of Chinese food, always quick to satisfy the taste buds, that is at the root of the sudden and phenomenal spread of Chinese food throughout the length and breadth of the Western World. Paraphrase: The main reason for the sudden and tremendous popularity of Chinese food throughout the whole Western world lies in two facts: one is the increased desire for sensual pleasures and freedom from age- old customs in the West; the other is the notion of physical pleasure provided by Chinese food which is always ready to satisfy the taste of the eater.

27 The eye must be pleased as well as the palate; if not, then a certain essentially Chinese element is missing, an element that links this cuisine with that most typical and yet elusive concept Tao. Paraphrase: Both the eye and the palate of the food should be satisfied; if not, then a certain typical Chinese elements is lost, an element that combines this cuisine with the most distinctive while obscure Taoism. Metonymy used here, what are they?

28 The smooth harmonies and piquant contrasts in Chinese food are more than just the products of recipes and personal enterprise. They are an expression of basic assumptions about life itself. Paraphrase: The smooth amities and strong contrasts in Chinese food are not only the products of cooking and personal achievement, but also a revealing of the fundamental supposition about life itself.

29 Vocabulary studies Attend to: to take care of, look after, deal with Profoundly: extremely Ecstasy: sudden intense feeling or excitement Smother: to cover closely or thickly Marked: striking, conspicuous Assert: to declare strongly Ubiquitous: seeming to be everywhere Bedeck: to decorate; to hand ornaments or decorations on

30 Infamous: deserving of or causing an evil reputation Crucial: of highest, greatest, or most critical importance Part and parcel: an essential part that must not be ignored Average: typical, common, ordinary Inherent: existing as natural and permanent quality Phenomenal: very remarkable, amazing Fastidiously: with excessive care or delicacy

31 Chore: a hard or unpleasant task Contrive: to make or invent something in a skillful way Alter: to change Conform to : to act in accordance with, to comply with Palate: the sense of taste Elusive: hard to express or define Piquant: having a pleasantly sharp or strong taste

32 Translation: 1.You should have told me in advance that you would further your studies in America. 2. He lavished too much care on his grandchildren. 3.Various new technology industries have sprung up. 4. Many English words derive from Latin, Greek and French words. 5. A philosopher holds that contradictory oppositions are ubiquitous.

33 6. His kindness is part and parcel of his nature. 7. He is possessed of phenomenal memory and intelligence. 8. He is fastidious about his food and clothes.


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