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Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Women, the engine of the World Daniela Bellucci Maria Edo Alessandro Romeo Miriam Ruscio.

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Presentation on theme: "Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Women, the engine of the World Daniela Bellucci Maria Edo Alessandro Romeo Miriam Ruscio."— Presentation transcript:

1 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Women, the engine of the World Daniela Bellucci Maria Edo Alessandro Romeo Miriam Ruscio

2 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women the ratio of girls to boys in primary, secondary and tertiary education the ratio of literate women to men in the 15-to 24-year-old age group the share of women in wage employment in the non-agricultural sector the proportion of seats held by women in national parliaments THE TARGET Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education, preferably by 2005, and in all levels of education no later than 2015 THE GOAL An overview The indicators

3 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Sub-Saharan Africa: 54% will never enter primary school 70% of the world illiterate are women Chronic hunger, lack of income education and nutrition is overwhelmingly a condition of women ¾ of world refugees are women women – one every minute – die each year from pregnancy-related causes An overview ….some examples Statistics… WORLD BANK DATA

4 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Gender and the MDGs 70% of the poorest population is female 70% of the illiterate world is female - Boys are favoured over girls in health care - High Infant Mortality Rate - education/income levels of mother Womens inability to make health-related decisions: cause of maternal mortality 61% of people living with HIV are women Gender equality is more than a goal in itself. It is a precondition for meeting the challenge of reducing poverty, promoting sustainable development and building good governance. - Kofi Annan - X X

5 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Countries profile Uganda Senegal Benin Burkina Faso Malawi Ghana Poses innumerable challenges for modern economic development like: diseases, prolonged droughts, and distance from world markets HISTORY Three centuries of slave trade ( ) Another century of brutal colonial rule In the 60´s most of the countries became independent Sub-Saharan Africa became a puppet in the cold war From the 60´s until these days sub- Saharan Africa has been in a poverty trap POLITICS Well-governed countries. However they failed to prosper All of them are part of a democratic system of government. GEOGRAPHY

6 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Countries profile STATISTICS Challanges These macroeconomic gains arent translated into improved social indicators Economic isolation and lack of basic infrastructure in rural households deepen the hunger, diseases and poverty It is urgent to achieve more sustainable production systems and outlines incentives to protect the environment Under-recognized potential of millions of women who play a dominant role in farming

7 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Countries profile STATISTICS: Gender Goal Indicators WORLD BANK DATA

8 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Project: General Overview North-american NGO Case study: Benin, Burkina Faso, Malawi, Senegal, Uganda, Ghana Goal: Sustainable End of World Hunger An epicenter is defined as a cluster of 10 to 15 villages within a 10km radius, with a population of approximately 10,000 people, that come together to meet basic needs. The centerpiece of the strategy is an L-shaped epicenter building that houses the communitys programs for health, education, food security and economic development. The community elects an overall epicenter committee and forms subcommittees to manage each program. Key features underpinning all their programmes: Bottom Up Approach Gender focused Local Democracy Funding Individual voluntary donations Methodology: Epicentre Strategy African Women Food Farmer Initiative

9 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women AWFFI - AFRICAN WOMEN FOOD FARMER INTIATIVE - Agriculture is the key to Sub-Saharan Africa progress 80% of the food is grown by women 10% of the credits are destined to women AWFFI arises to fill in this vital missing link 1% of the land is own by women

10 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women AWFFI - AFRICAN WOMEN FOOD FARMER INTIATIVE - THE GOAL AWFFI economically empowers women through a program of credit, savings and training. Within five years, the women at the epicenter establish and run their own government-recognized rural bank The strategy i.Prior to the creation of a women-led bank, AWFFI operates as a direct credit program: Solidarity groups of women. Income generating activities. Annual Rate of interest. No credit obligations elsewhere. Minimum savings required. Literacy classes. Daughters. ii. Official Recognition of the Women Led Bank. Conditions: Participation: Savings Training and Exams Recognition Milestone event. Signals the transition into self-reliance

11 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Project Status Financial Data AWFFI – Project Status Recognized Banks Scale up Pilot project to scale up the AWFFI

12 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women AWFFI – SWOT Analysis Capacity building Women empowerment Economic and environmental sustainability Multisectorial Approach Transparency criteria through US rating agencies Strengths No true replicability (preconditions) Overlapping with other agencies and government activities Lack of historical data regarding the project performance Weaknesses Scale up Positive externalities Oppurtunities Risk of instability Status quo in the land ownership system Diseases Risk of climate disaster Food commodity prices recently have soared. Pillaging could occurred against lands involved in the project Threats Recomendation: increase cooperation with other agencies to take advantage of all the projects potential.

13 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women AWFFI and the MDGs Gender Equality Women empowerment: it contributes to the 3rd Goal by empowering women who become economic and community leaders Education Special relationship (which in fact is its target!) Training Literacy Daughters Informal education All other MDGs Gender: precondition for all goals

14 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women WHY AWFFI ? Another microcredit project…. Why choose this one? Principles that underpin the project make it powerful and sustainable: Capacity building, environmental and economical sustainability, human empowerment…local people as agents of change Sustainable and scalable Respectful of the essential values underlying the MDGs Inspired on a development as freedom approach Involvement of private international investors in fair financing process

15 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women Forget about China and India…… women are the next engine of growth! Conclusions Or… What future do you prefer?! There is no time to loose if we are to reach the MDGs by target date of Only by investing in the worlds women can we expect to get there

16 Promote Gender Equality and Empower Women References LINKS Books and Papers Millennium Development Goals, a look through a gender lens, UNDP National Reports, 2003 Seven women entrepreneurs, Report from World Bank The End of Poverty, Jeffrey D. Sachs Images


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