Presentation on theme: "Unit 7. Alexander Graham Bell "... an inspired black-haired Scotsman of twenty eight, on the eve of marriage, vibrant and alive to new ideas." Alexander."— Presentation transcript:
Alexander Graham Bell "... an inspired black-haired Scotsman of twenty eight, on the eve of marriage, vibrant and alive to new ideas." Alexander Graham Bell : The Man Who Invented the Telephone
Telephone Facts The inventor of the telephone in 1892, opens long-distance service between New York and Chicago over 800 miles of open wire line. Only 14 years before, in 1878, he had predicted that some day "a man in one part of the country may communicate by word of mouth with another in a distant place."
The complete telephone man He was mobile, mechanized and well equipped. With his tools around his waist, he carried telephones on his back, chest and in his bicycle sack. As today, telephone men 80 years ago were safety-minded, which in that era included wearing your sleeve guards and trouser clips.
The telephone is an electrical instrument Speaking to the transmitter makes its diaphragm vibrate. This varies the electric current, causing the receiver s diaphragm to vibrate. This duplicates the original sound.
The Organization of This Text The essay can be divided in to 3 parts including the introduction, the body and the conclusion. How would you divide this essay in to three parts?
Questions for You How would you divide this essay in to three parts? What writing techniques are adopted to make the writers proposition more easily accepted?
suspense the feeling of excitement or anxiety which you have when you are waiting for something to happen and are uncertain about what it is going to be: She kept him in suspense for several days before she said that she would marry him. There is a gradual build-up of suspense throughout the film, until it comes to an unexpected ending.
assure (SAY WITH CERTAINTY) The unions assured the new owners of the workers' loyalty to the company. [+ (that)] The Prime Minister assured the electorate (that) taxes would not be increased after the election. You can rest assured (= feel confident) that I shall be there as promised.
COMPARE: ensure, [+ (that)] The role of the police is to ensure (that) the law is obeyed. to make something certain to happen: The airline is taking steps to ensure safety on its aircraft. [+ two objects] Their 2-0 victory today has ensured the Italian team a place in the Cup Final/ensured a place in the Cup Final for the Italian team.
so … as to + infinitive ---- so … that+ clause Robert and Kate were so clever in steering the conversation as to have the old man easily tricked. The hitch-hiker was so careful about his clothing as to attract immediate attention.
.be in evidence= clearly or easily seen evident adjective SLIGHTLY FORMAL easily seen or understood; obvious: From the smell it was evident that the drains had been blocked for several days. self-evident adjective clear or obvious without needing any proof or explanation: Solutions which seem self-evident to humans are often beyond the grasp of computers.
Some Other Tips Hang up the phone as soon as possible. Don t reveal your feelings to the caller. Keep a log of the calls. Report to the police. Beware of "cold calls. Do not reveal your personal information. Stay cool and calm
Key to Translation 1. Mr. Polmer took it for granted that the invitation included his wife. 2. The mobster was caught posing as a policeman. 3. Whatever difficulties she may encounter, she is bent on becoming an actress. 4. He kept on dialing the number, only to find the line was engaged all the time. 5. The pursuit of good ends does not justify the employment of bad means.