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El pretérito y el imperfecto. El pretérito 1.A single action or a series of actions that are totally completed within a particular period of time in the.

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Presentation on theme: "El pretérito y el imperfecto. El pretérito 1.A single action or a series of actions that are totally completed within a particular period of time in the."— Presentation transcript:

1 El pretérito y el imperfecto

2 El pretérito 1.A single action or a series of actions that are totally completed within a particular period of time in the past. Ayer jugamos fútbol. Yesterday we played soccer. Metí un gol. I scored a goal. ¡action! The preterite is used to express:

3 El pretérito 2. The begining or the end of an action in the past. Empezó a llover. It started to rain. Se puso triste. He became sad. ¡action! The preterite is used to express:

4 1. An action that went on for a period of time that is not specific. Carlitos me miraba mientras yo trataba de estudiar. Carlitos was looking at me while I was trying to study. El imperfecto continuing action The imperfect is used to express:

5 El imperfecto 2. A habitual or repeated action. Los domingos jugaba golf. On Sundays I used to play golf. repeated action The imperfect is used to express:

6 El imperfecto 3. Descriptions in the past. Alberto era muy inteligente. Alberto was very intelligent. background info The imperfect is used to express:

7 El imperfecto 4.Weather Hacía mucho sol ayer. It was sunny yesterday. background info The imperfect is used to express:

8 El imperfecto 5.Time Eran las tres de la tarde. It was three o clock in the afternoon. background info The imperfect is used to express:

9 El imperfecto 6. Age El maestro tenía 106 años. The teacher was 106 years old. background info The imperfect is used to express:

10 El imperfecto 7. Emotion, mental state or physical state Estaba cansado ayer. I was tired yesterday. background info The imperfect is used to express:

11 El imperfecto 8. Ir + a + infinitivo Iba a dar un paseo, pero me torcí el tobillo. I was going to take a walk, but I sprained my ankle. background info The imperfect is used to express:

12 El imperfecto generalmente constantemente siempre todos los días frecuentemente normalmente cada día de costumbre a menudo a veces con frecuencia por lo general regularmente Common expressions with the imperfect

13 ¡Ojo! Some verbs have different meanings in the preterite and imperfect: saber imperfect: to know Yo no sabía lo que pasó. I didn t know what happened. preterite: to find out Pedro supo lo que pasó. Pedro found out what happened

14 Some verbs have different meanings in the preterite and imperfect: conocer imperfect: to know Elena, ¿conocías a Carlos? Elena, did you know Carlos? preterite: to meet Lo conocí ayer. I met him yesterday. ¡Ojo!

15 Some verbs have different meanings in the preterite and imperfect: poder imperfect: to be able Mis padres podían ir en tren. My parents could go by train. preterite: to succeed in, manage to Ayer no pudieron llegar a tiempo. Yesterday they didn t manage to arrive on time. ¡Ojo!

16 Some verbs have different meanings in the preterite and imperfect: querer imperfect: to want ¿Querías ir a la playa? Did you want to go to the beach? preterite: tried or refused to (negative) Carolina quiso (no quiso) ir conmigo. Carolina tried (refused) to go with me. ¡Ojo!

17 el fin e l i m p e r f e c t o el pretérito Clipart courtesy of clker.com


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